New American Standard Bible
Why do You stand afar off, O LORD? Why do You hide Yourself in times of trouble?
King James Bible
Why standest thou afar off, O LORD? why hidest thou thyself in times of trouble?
Darby Bible Translation
Why, Jehovah, standest thou afar off? Why hidest thou thyself in times of distress?
World English Bible
Why do you stand far off, Yahweh? Why do you hide yourself in times of trouble?
Young's Literal Translation
Why, Jehovah, dost Thou stand at a distance? Thou dost hide in times of adversity,
Psalm 10:1 Parallel
CommentaryBarnes' Notes on the Bible
Why standest thou afar off, O Lord? - That is, What is the reason why thou doest this? The thought upon which this is based is that God might be expected to interpose in a time of trouble, and that His aid might then be looked for. Yet, in this case, He seemed to be an indifferent spectator of the sorrows and afflictions of the wronged and oppressed. This filled the mind of the writer with surprise, and he could not account for it, especially in view of the character of the person or persons who had wronged the author of the psalm. "To stand afar off" in such circumstances, is an attitude of indifference and unconcern - as when others do not come near us if we are sick, or are bereaved, or are in circumstances of poverty and want. That man should do this would have produced no surprise in the mind of the writer; that God should do it was something that filled him with wonder.
Why hidest thou thyself? - As if God concealed himself or kept away. He did not manifest himself, but seemed to let the afflicted man suffer alone.
In times of trouble - Affliction, sorrow, persecution. The particular trouble referred to here was that which was produced by the machinations of the enemy or enemies whose character is described in the following verses. The question, however, is put in a general form, as if it; were strange and unaccountable that God should ever fail to interpose in time of trouble. How often has there been occasion to ask this question in our world!
I, Jerome,  son of Eusebius, of the city of Strido, which is on the border of Dalmatia and Pannonia and was overthrown by the Goths, up to the present year, that is, the fourteenth of the Emperor Theodosius, have written the following: Life of Paul the monk, one book of Letters to different persons, an Exhortation to Heliodorus, Controversy of Luciferianus and Orthodoxus, Chronicle of universal history, 28 homilies of Origen on Jeremiah and Ezekiel, which I translated from Greek into Latin, …
Various—Jerome and Gennadius Lives of Illustrious Men.
These Things, My Brother Aurelius, Most Dear unto Me...
The Desire of the Righteous Granted;
For the choir director. A Psalm of David. How long, O LORD? Will You forget me forever? How long will You hide Your face from me?
For the choir director; upon Aijeleth Hashshahar. A Psalm of David. My God, my God, why have You forsaken me? Far from my deliverance are the words of my groaning.
You have seen it, O LORD, do not keep silent; O Lord, do not be far from me.
For the choir director; on stringed instruments. A Maskil of David. Give ear to my prayer, O God; And do not hide Yourself from my supplication.
O God, do not be far from me; O my God, hasten to my help!
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