Isaiah 48:4
Text Analysis
1847 [e]מִדַּעְתִּ֕י
Because I knewPrep-m | V-Qal-Inf | 1cs
3588 [e]כִּ֥י
7186 [e]קָשֶׁ֖ה
859 [e]אָ֑תָּה
you [were]Pro-2ms
1517 [e]וְגִ֤יד
and sinewConj-w | N-msc
1270 [e]בַּרְזֶל֙
an ironN-ms
6203 [e]עָרְפֶּ֔ךָ
your neck [was]N-msc | 2ms
4696 [e]וּמִצְחֲךָ֖
and your browConj-w | N-msc | 2ms
5154 [e]נְחוּשָֽׁה׃

Hebrew Texts
ישעה 48:4 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
מִדַּעְתִּ֕י כִּ֥י קָשֶׁ֖ה אָ֑תָּה וְגִ֤יד בַּרְזֶל֙ עָרְפֶּ֔ךָ וּמִצְחֲךָ֖ נְחוּשָֽׁה׃

ישעה 48:4 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
מדעתי כי קשה אתה וגיד ברזל ערפך ומצחך נחושה׃

ישעה 48:4 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
מדעתי כי קשה אתה וגיד ברזל ערפך ומצחך נחושה׃

ישעה 48:4 Hebrew Bible
מדעתי כי קשה אתה וגיד ברזל ערפך ומצחך נחושה׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
"Because I know that you are obstinate, And your neck is an iron sinew And your forehead bronze,

King James Bible
Because I knew that thou art obstinate, and thy neck is an iron sinew, and thy brow brass;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Because I know that you are stubborn, and your neck is iron and your forehead bronze,
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

I knew

Isaiah 46:12 Listen to me, you stouthearted, that are far from righteousness:

Psalm 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; …

Zechariah 7:11,12 But they refused to listen, and pulled away the shoulder, and stopped …

obstinate. Heb. hard

Jeremiah 5:3 O LORD, are not your eyes on the truth? you have stricken them, but …

Ezekiel 3:4-7 And he said to me, Son of man, go, get you to the house of Israel, …

Daniel 5:20 But when his heart was lifted up, and his mind hardened in pride, …

Romans 2:5 But after your hardness and impenitent heart treasure up to yourself …

Hebrews 3:13 But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any …

and they

Exodus 32:9 And the LORD said to Moses, I have seen this people, and, behold, …

Exodus 33:3,5 To a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the …

Deuteronomy 10:16 Circumcise therefore the foreskin of your heart, and be no more stiff necked.

Deuteronomy 31:27 For I know your rebellion, and your stiff neck: behold, while I am …

2 Kings 17:14 Notwithstanding they would not hear, but hardened their necks, like …

2 Chronicles 30:8 Now be you not stiff necked, as your fathers were, but yield yourselves …

2 Chronicles 36:13 And he also rebelled against king Nebuchadnezzar, who had made him …

Nehemiah 9:16,17,28 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, …

Psalm 75:5 Lift not up your horn on high: speak not with a stiff neck.

Proverbs 29:1 He, that being often reproved hardens his neck, shall suddenly be …

Jeremiah 7:26 Yet they listened not to me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened …

Jeremiah 19:15 Thus said the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold…

Zechariah 7:12 Yes, they made their hearts as an adamant stone, lest they should …

Acts 7:51 You stiff necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, you do always …

they brow

Jeremiah 3:3 Therefore the showers have been withheld, and there has been no latter …

Ezekiel 3:7-9 But the house of Israel will not listen to you; for they will not …

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Isaiah 48:3
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