Judges 7:5
Text Analysis
Strong'sHebrewEnglishMorphology
3381 [e]וַיּ֥וֹרֶד
way-yō-w-reḏ
So he brought downConj-w | V-Hifil-ConsecImperf-3ms
853 [e]אֶת־
’eṯ-
-DirObjM
5971 [e]הָעָ֖ם
hā-‘ām
the peopleArt | N-ms
413 [e]אֶל־
’el-
toPrep
4325 [e]הַמָּ֑יִם
ham-mā-yim;
the waterArt | N-mp
  ס
s
-Punc
559 [e]וַיֹּ֨אמֶר
way-yō-mer
And saidConj-w | V-Qal-ConsecImperf-3ms
3068 [e]יְהוָ֜ה
Yah-weh
YahwehN-proper-ms
413 [e]אֶל־
’el-
toPrep
1439 [e]גִּדְע֗וֹן
giḏ-‘ō-wn,
GideonN-proper-ms
3605 [e]כֹּ֣ל
kōl
EveryoneN-ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁר־
’ă-šer-
whoPro-r
3952 [e]יָלֹק֩
yā-lōq
lapsV-Qal-Imperf-3ms
3956 [e]בִּלְשׁוֹנ֨וֹ
bil-šō-w-nōw
with his tonguePrep-b | N-csc | 3ms
4480 [e]מִן־
min-
fromPrep
4325 [e]הַמַּ֜יִם
ham-ma-yim
the waterArt | N-mp
834 [e]כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר
ka-’ă-šer
asPrep-k | Pro-r
3952 [e]יָלֹ֣ק
yā-lōq
lapsV-Qal-Imperf-3ms
3611 [e]הַכֶּ֗לֶב
hak-ke-leḇ,
a dogArt | N-ms
3322 [e]תַּצִּ֤יג
taṣ-ṣîḡ
you shall set apartV-Hifil-Imperf-2ms
853 [e]אוֹתוֹ֙
’ō-w-ṯōw
-DirObjM | 3ms
905 [e]לְבָ֔ד
lə-ḇāḏ,
by himselfPrep-l | N-ms
3605 [e]וְכֹ֛ל
wə-ḵōl
and likewise everyoneConj-w | N-ms
834 [e]אֲשֶׁר־
’ă-šer-
whoPro-r
3766 [e]יִכְרַ֥ע
yiḵ-ra‘
gets downV-Qal-Imperf-3ms
5921 [e]עַל־
‘al-
onPrep
1290 [e]בִּרְכָּ֖יו
bir-kāw
his kneesN-fdc | 3ms
8354 [e]לִשְׁתּֽוֹת׃
liš-tō-wṯ.
to drinkPrep-l | V-Qal-Inf









Hebrew Texts
שופטים 7:5 Hebrew OT: Westminster Leningrad Codex
וַיֹּ֥ורֶד אֶת־הָעָ֖ם אֶל־הַמָּ֑יִם ס וַיֹּ֨אמֶר יְהוָ֜ה אֶל־גִּדְעֹ֗ון כֹּ֣ל אֲשֶׁר־יָלֹק֩ בִּלְשֹׁונֹ֨ו מִן־הַמַּ֜יִם כַּאֲשֶׁ֧ר יָלֹ֣ק הַכֶּ֗לֶב תַּצִּ֤יג אֹותֹו֙ לְבָ֔ד וְכֹ֛ל אֲשֶׁר־יִכְרַ֥ע עַל־בִּרְכָּ֖יו לִשְׁתֹּֽות׃

שופטים 7:5 Hebrew OT: WLC (Consonants Only)
ויורד את־העם אל־המים ס ויאמר יהוה אל־גדעון כל אשר־ילק בלשונו מן־המים כאשר ילק הכלב תציג אותו לבד וכל אשר־יכרע על־ברכיו לשתות׃

שופטים 7:5 Paleo-Hebrew OT: WLC (Font Required)
ויורד את־העם אל־המים ס ויאמר יהוה אל־גדעון כל אשר־ילק בלשונו מן־המים כאשר ילק הכלב תציג אותו לבד וכל אשר־יכרע על־ברכיו לשתות׃

שופטים 7:5 Hebrew Bible
ויורד את העם אל המים ויאמר יהוה אל גדעון כל אשר ילק בלשונו מן המים כאשר ילק הכלב תציג אותו לבד וכל אשר יכרע על ברכיו לשתות׃

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
So he brought the people down to the water. And the LORD said to Gideon, "You shall separate everyone who laps the water with his tongue as a dog laps, as well as everyone who kneels to drink."

King James Bible
So he brought down the people unto the water: and the LORD said unto Gideon, Every one that lappeth of the water with his tongue, as a dog lappeth, him shalt thou set by himself; likewise every one that boweth down upon his knees to drink.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So he brought the people down to the water, and the LORD said to Gideon, "Separate everyone who laps water with his tongue like a dog. Do the same with everyone who kneels to drink."
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

lappeth. The original word yalok, is precisely the sound which the dog makes in lapping. It appears that it is not unusual for the Arabs to drink water out of the palms of their hands; and, from this account, we learn that the Israelites did so occasionally. Dr. A. Clarke, in his edition of Harmer, has presented us with the following curious MS note from Dr. Russell. 'When they take water with the palms of their hands, they naturally place themselves on their hams, to be nearer the water; but when they drink from a pitcher or gourd, fresh filled, they do not sit down on purpose to drink, but drink standing, and very often put the sleeve of their shirt over the mouth of the vessel, by way of strainer, lest small leeches might have been taken up with the water. For the same reason they often prefer taking the water with the palm of the hand to lapping it from the surface.' From the letters of Busbequius we learn, that the Eastern people are not in the habit of drinking standing. The

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