1 Samuel 19:1
New International Version
Saul told his son Jonathan and all the attendants to kill David. But Jonathan had taken a great liking to David

New Living Translation
Saul now urged his servants and his son Jonathan to assassinate David. But Jonathan, because of his strong affection for David,

English Standard Version
And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul’s son, delighted much in David.

Berean Study Bible
Then Saul ordered his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David. But Jonathan delighted greatly in David,

King James Bible
And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.

New King James Version
Now Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David; but Jonathan, Saul’s son, delighted greatly in David.

New American Standard Bible
Now Saul told his son Jonathan and all his servants to put David to death. But Jonathan, Saul’s son, greatly delighted in David.

NASB 1995
Now Saul told Jonathan his son and all his servants to put David to death. But Jonathan, Saul's son, greatly delighted in David.

NASB 1977
Now Saul told Jonathan his son and all his servants to put David to death. But Jonathan, Saul’s son, greatly delighted in David.

Amplified Bible
Now Saul told his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David, but Jonathan, Saul’s son, greatly delighted in David.

Christian Standard Bible
Saul ordered his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David. But Saul’s son Jonathan liked David very much,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Saul ordered his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David. But Saul's son Jonathan liked David very much,

American Standard Version
And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should slay David. But Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted much in David.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Shaul told Jonathan his son and all his Servants to kill David, and Yonathan, son of Shaul, was greatly delighted with David

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, to slay David.

Contemporary English Version
One day, Saul told his son Jonathan and his officers to kill David. But Jonathan and David were best friends,

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan the son of Saul loved David exceedingly.

English Revised Version
And Saul spake to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should slay David. But Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David.

Good News Translation
Saul told his son Jonathan and all his officials that he planned to kill David. But Jonathan was very fond of David,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Saul told his son Jonathan and all his officers to kill David. But Saul's son Jonathan was very fond of David,

International Standard Version
Saul told his son Jonathan and all his officials to kill David, but Saul's son Jonathan was very fond of David.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should slay David; but Jonathan Saul's son delighted much in David.

Literal Standard Version
And Saul speaks to his son Jonathan, and to all his servants, to put David to death,

NET Bible
Then Saul told his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David. But Saul's son Jonathan liked David very much.

New Heart English Bible
Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted much in David.

World English Bible
Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David. But Jonathan, Saul's son, delighted much in David.

Young's Literal Translation
And Saul speaketh unto Jonathan his son, and unto all his servants, to put David to death,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Saul Attempts to Kill David
1Then Saul ordered his son Jonathan and all his servants to kill David. But Jonathan delighted greatly in David, 2so he warned David, saying, “My father Saul intends to kill you. Be on your guard in the morning; find a secret place and hide there.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 18:1
After David had finished speaking with Saul, the souls of Jonathan and David were knit together, and Jonathan loved him as himself.

1 Samuel 18:8
And Saul was furious and resented this song. "They have ascribed tens of thousands to David," he said, "but only thousands to me. What more can he have but the kingdom?"

1 Samuel 18:9
And from that day forward Saul kept a jealous eye on David.

1 Samuel 19:2
so he warned David, saying, "My father Saul intends to kill you. Be on your guard in the morning; find a secret place and hide there.


Treasury of Scripture

And Saul spoke to Jonathan his son, and to all his servants, that they should kill David.









(1) That they should kill David.--The literal translation of the original gives a much better sense: "that he intended to kill David," or "about killing David." The latter is the rendering of the LXX. and the Syriac. The murderous impulse of the unhappy Saul gradually increased in intensity. First, it showed itself only in the paroxysms of insanity, when the half distraught king would grasp and poise his heavy spear, as though he would hurl it at the kindly musician as he tried to calm the troubled spirit. Then it would plot and scheme against the hated life, trying to involve this young soldier in some enterprise fraught with deadly peril. Now he speaks openly to his heir and his counsellors of the risk incurred by suffering so dangerous a man to live.

Verse 1. - Saul spake to Jonathan his son...that they should kill David. The translation of the last clause is untenable; it really means "about killing David," and so both the Septuagint and the Syriac render it. The descent of men once full of noble impulses, as was the case with Saul, into open crime is gradual, and with many halts on the way. Saul first gave way to envy, and instead of struggling against his bad feelings, nourished them. Then, when scarcely accountable for his actions, he threatened David's life; and next, with growing malice, encouraged him in dangerous undertakings, in the hope that in one of them he might be slain. And now he goes one step farther. He talks to Jonathan and his officers concerning the many reasons there were for David's death; argues that without it there will be no security for himself and his dynasty; represents David probably as a traitor, with secret purposes of usurping the throne; and reveals what hitherto had been but the half-formed wishes of his heart. But even now, probably, he still spoke of David's death as a painful necessity, and had many misgivings in his own mind. But he was really encouraging himself in crime, and by cherishing thoughts of murder he was gradually descending towards the dark abyss into which he finally fell.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then Saul
שָׁא֗וּל (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

ordered
וַיְדַבֵּ֣ר (way·ḏab·bêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1696: To arrange, to speak, to subdue

his son
בְּנוֹ֙ (bə·nōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

Jonathan
יוֹנָתָ֤ן (yō·w·nā·ṯān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3129: Jonathan

and all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

his servants
עֲבָדָ֔יו (‘ă·ḇā·ḏāw)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

to kill
לְהָמִ֖ית (lə·hā·mîṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's 4191: To die, to kill

David.
דָּוִ֑ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

But Jonathan
וִיהֽוֹנָתָן֙ (wî·hō·w·nā·ṯān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3129: Jonathan

delighted
חָפֵ֥ץ (ḥā·p̄êṣ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2654: To incline to, to bend, to be pleased with, desire

greatly
מְאֹֽד׃ (mə·’ōḏ)
Adverb
Strong's 3966: Vehemence, vehemently, wholly, speedily

in David,
בְּדָוִ֖ד (bə·ḏā·wiḏ)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse


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OT History: 1 Samuel 19:1 Saul spoke to Jonathan his son (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 18:30
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