2 Chronicles 9:10
New International Version
(The servants of Hiram and the servants of Solomon brought gold from Ophir; they also brought algumwood and precious stones.

New Living Translation
(In addition, the crews of Hiram and Solomon brought gold from Ophir, and they also brought red sandalwood and precious jewels.

English Standard Version
Moreover, the servants of Hiram and the servants of Solomon, who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum wood and precious stones.

Berean Study Bible
(The servants of Hiram and of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir also brought algum wood and precious stones.

King James Bible
And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.

New King James Version
Also, the servants of Hiram and the servants of Solomon, who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum wood and precious stones.

New American Standard Bible
The servants of Huram and the servants of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir, also brought algum trees and precious stones.

NASB 1995
The servants of Huram and the servants of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir, also brought algum trees and precious stones.

NASB 1977
And the servants of Huram and the servants of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir, also brought algum trees and precious stones.

Amplified Bible
The servants of Huram and those of Solomon, who brought gold from Ophir, also brought almug trees and precious stones.

Christian Standard Bible
In addition, Hiram’s servants and Solomon’s servants who brought gold from Ophir also brought algum wood and precious stones.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In addition, Hiram's servants and Solomon's servants who brought gold from Ophir also brought algum wood and precious stones.

American Standard Version
And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, that brought gold from Ophir, brought algum-trees and precious stones.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Also the Servants of Khiram and the Servants of King Solomon brought gold from Uphir.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the servants of Solomon and the servants of Chiram brought gold to Solomon out of Suphir, and pine timber, and precious stones.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the servants also of Hiram, with the servants of Solomon, brought gold from Ophir, and thyine trees, and most precious stones:

English Revised Version
And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought gold from Ophir; brought algum trees and precious stones.

Good News Translation
The sailors of King Hiram and of King Solomon who brought gold from Ophir also brought juniper wood and jewels.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Huram's servants and Solomon's servants who brought gold from Ophir also brought sandalwood and precious stones.

International Standard Version
Hiram's servants and Solomon's servants, who brought gold from Ophir, also presented algum wood and other precious stones.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon that brought gold from Ophir, brought sandal-wood and precious stones.

Literal Standard Version
And also, servants of Huram, and servants of Solomon, who brought in gold from Ophir, have brought in algum-trees and precious stone.

NET Bible
(Huram's servants, aided by Solomon's servants, brought gold from Ophir, as well as fine timber and precious gems.

New Heart English Bible
The servants also of Hiram, and the servants of Solomon, who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.

World English Bible
The servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, who brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.

Young's Literal Translation
And also, servants of Huram, and servants of Solomon, who brought in gold from Ophir, have brought in algum-trees and precious stone.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Queen of Sheba
9Then she gave the king 120 talents of gold, a great quantity of spices, and precious stones. There had never been such spices as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon. 10(The servants of Hiram and of Solomon who brought gold from Ophir also brought algum wood and precious stones. 11The king made the algum wood into steps for the house of the LORD and for the king’s palace, and into lyres and harps for the singers. Never before had anything like them been seen in the land of Judah.)…

Cross References
1 Kings 10:11
(The fleet of Hiram that brought gold from Ophir also brought from Ophir a great cargo of almug wood and precious stones.

2 Chronicles 2:8
Send me also cedar, cypress, and algum logs from Lebanon, for I know that your servants have skill to cut timber there. And indeed, my servants will work with yours

2 Chronicles 8:18
So Hiram sent him ships captained by his servants, along with crews of experienced sailors. They went with Solomon's servants to Ophir and acquired from there 450 talents of gold, which they delivered to King Solomon.

2 Chronicles 9:9
Then she gave the king 120 talents of gold, a great quantity of spices, and precious stones. There had never been such spices as those the queen of Sheba gave to King Solomon.

2 Chronicles 9:11
The king made the algum wood into steps for the house of the LORD and for the king's palace, and into lyres and harps for the singers. Never before had anything like them been seen in the land of Judah.)


Treasury of Scripture

And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon, which brought gold from Ophir, brought algum trees and precious stones.

brought gold

2 Chronicles 8:18
And Huram sent him by the hands of his servants ships, and servants that had knowledge of the sea; and they went with the servants of Solomon to Ophir, and took thence four hundred and fifty talents of gold, and brought them to king Solomon.

1 Kings 9:27,28
And Hiram sent in the navy his servants, shipmen that had knowledge of the sea, with the servants of Solomon…

1 Kings 10:22
For the king had at sea a navy of Tharshish with the navy of Hiram: once in three years came the navy of Tharshish, bringing gold, and silver, ivory, and apes, and peacocks.

algum trees

1 Kings 10:11
And the navy also of Hiram, that brought gold from Ophir, brought in from Ophir great plenty of almug trees, and precious stones.

almug-trees









(10) And the servants also of Huram, and the servants of Solomon.--Kings, "And the fleet also of Huram which carried gold from Ophir." The phrase is altered here to correspond with 2Chronicles 8:18.

Brought algum trees.--See 2Chronicles 2:8. LXX., ???? ???????; Vulg., "ligna thyina;" Syriac, "acacia (?) wood" ('eshkor'?); Kings, "brought from Ophir almug trees in great abundance." In the Mishna 'alm-g is "coral;" and the Rabbis ascribe a red colour to the algum wood. The Pterocarpus Santalinus has blood-red wood with black streaks, is fragrant, and is used in works of art, as well as for burning. The tree called Valgu or Valgum is the Santalum album, which produces white and yellow sandalwood. Thenius doubts whether the algum wood of Solomon was not the teak (Cytharexylon Tectona), which abounds in East India, and is a hard, yellow-streaked, strongly-scented wood, used in India for temple building.

Verses 10, 11. - Either these two verses are misplaced (with their parallel, 1 Kings 10:11, 12), or they ought to have, though unstated, some occult bearing on the queen. There are some slight indications pointing to this, and the meaning is perhaps that the terraces, balustrades, stairs (which possibly is the idea in the "ascent," ver. 4), pillars, etc., made of the wood which Hiram's and Solomon's servants had formerly brought with gold, were the artificial-work wonders which helped to astound the queen. Terraces to the house of the Lord, and to the king's palace. These so rendered terraces were probably stairs, and, as already intimated, may have composed the "ascent" (ver. 4), and explain the mention of it in ver. 4. The algum trees. This is the Hebrew text order of the lamed and gimel alphabet characters, as the Authorized Version order in the parallel almug is also the order of its Hebrew. The tree is mentioned only six times - three times in Chronicles (2 Chronicles 2:8; 2 Chronicles 9:10, 11) and three times in Kings (1 Kings 10:11, 12). Apparently this wood did grow in Lebanon (2 Chronicles 2:8), though we think this not certain. Kimchi thinks it was the bukkum (Arabic word), which Europeans call Brazil wood, and which (Keil) was found in Ethiopia, as well as India. Some think it the sandal-wood of Malabar. Whatever it was, it no doubt was to be purchased at the emporium of Ophir. The intrinsic nature of the wood, and its intrinsically valuable nature, may easily be inferred from its use for the woodwork and sounding-board woodwork of musical instruments like the harp and psaltery. This fact would much incline to the view that the red sandal-wood is what is here called algum. The 'Speaker's Commentary' quotes Max Muller ('Lectures on Language,' 1st series, p. 191) for the statement that the vernacular for this wood in India is valguka. Harps... psalteries (see our Exposition on 2 Chronicles 5:12, and articles in Smith's 'Dictionary of the Bible,' and others. The sentence, there were none such seen in the land of Judah, may Be read as an indication that they had been part of the exhibition made to the Queen of Sheba.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
(The servants
עַבְדֵ֤י (‘aḇ·ḏê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

of Hiram
חוּרָם֙ (ḥū·rām)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2438: Hiram -- a Benjamite, also two Arameans (Syrians)

[and]
וְעַבְדֵ֣י (wə·‘aḇ·ḏê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

of Solomon,
שְׁלֹמֹ֔ה (šə·lō·mōh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8010: Solomon -- David's son and successor to his throne

who
אֲשֶׁר־ (’ă·šer-)
Pronoun - relative
Strong's 834: Who, which, what, that, when, where, how, because, in order that

brought
הֵבִ֥יאוּ (hê·ḇî·’ū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

gold
זָהָ֖ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

from Ophir,
מֵאוֹפִ֑יר (mê·’ō·w·p̄îr)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 211: Ophir -- a son of Joktan, also his descendants, also a region from which gold comes

also
וְגַם־ (wə·ḡam-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 1571: Assemblage, also, even, yea, though, both, and

brought
הֵבִ֛יאוּ (hê·ḇî·’ū)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

algum
אַלְגּוּמִּ֖ים (’al·gūm·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 418: Perhaps a sandalwood tree

wood
עֲצֵ֥י (‘ă·ṣê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 6086: Tree, trees, wood

and precious
יְקָרָֽה׃ (yə·qā·rāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 3368: Precious, rare, splendid, weighty

stones.
וְאֶ֥בֶן (wə·’e·ḇen)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 68: A stone


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OT History: 2 Chronicles 9:10 The servants also of Huram and (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr)
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