2 Samuel 20:23
New International Version
Joab was over Israel’s entire army; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites;

New Living Translation
Now Joab was the commander of the army of Israel. Benaiah son of Jehoiada was captain of the king’s bodyguard.

English Standard Version
Now Joab was in command of all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

Berean Study Bible
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

King James Bible
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

New King James Version
And Joab was over all the army of Israel; Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

New American Standard Bible
Now Joab was in command of the entire army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

NASB 1995
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

NASB 1977
Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel, and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites;

Amplified Bible
Now Joab was [commander] over the entire army of Israel; Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was [commander] over the Cherethites and Pelethites [the king’s bodyguards];

Christian Standard Bible
Joab commanded the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Joab commanded the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites;

American Standard Version
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Yuab was over all the army of Israel, and Benaya son of Yuyada was over the Free men and over the Laborers

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Joab was over all the forces of Israel: and Banaias the son of Jodae was over the Cherethites and over the Phelethites.

Contemporary English Version
Joab was the commander of Israel's entire army. Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of David's bodyguard.

Douay-Rheims Bible
So Joab was over all the army of Israel: and Banaias the son of Joiada was over the Cerethites and Phelethites,

English Revised Version
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Good News Translation
Joab was in command of the army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of David's bodyguards;

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Now, Joab was put in charge of Israel's whole army. Benaiah, son of Jehoiada, was in charge of the Cherethites and Pelethites.

International Standard Version
Joab commanded the entire army of Israel, Jehoiada's son Benaiah commanded the special forces and mercenaries,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

Literal Standard Version
And Joab [is] over all the host of Israel, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada [is] over the Cherethite, and over the Pelethite,

NET Bible
Now Joab was the general in command of all the army of Israel. Benaiah the son of Jehoida was over the Kerethites and the Perethites.

New Heart English Bible
Now Joab was over all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

World English Bible
Now Joab was over all the army of Israel; and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites;

Young's Literal Translation
And Joab is over all the host of Israel, and Benaiah son of Jehoiada is over the Cherethite, and over the Pelethite,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Sheba's Rebellion
22Then the woman went to all the people with her wise counsel, and they cut off the head of Sheba son of Bichri and threw it to Joab. So he blew the ram’s horn and his men dispersed from the city, each to his own home. And Joab returned to the king in Jerusalem. 23Now Joab was over the whole army of Israel; Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; 24Adoram was in charge of the forced labor; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;…

Cross References
2 Samuel 8:16
Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

2 Samuel 8:18
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; and David's sons were priestly leaders.

2 Samuel 23:20
And Benaiah son of Jehoiada was a man of valor from Kabzeel, a man of many exploits. He struck down two champions of Moab, and on a snowy day he went down into a pit and killed a lion.

1 Kings 4:3
Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;

2 Kings 11:4
Then in the seventh year, Jehoiada sent for the commanders of hundreds, the Carites, and the guards, and had them brought into the house of the LORD. There he made a covenant with them and put them under oath. He showed them the king's son


Treasury of Scripture

Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites:

Now Joab

2 Samuel 8:16-18
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder; …

1 Chronicles 18:15-17
And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder…

and Benaiah

2 Samuel 20:7
And there went out after him Joab's men, and the Cherethites, and the Pelethites, and all the mighty men: and they went out of Jerusalem, to pursue after Sheba the son of Bichri.









Verse 23. - Now Josh, etc. With this list of his chief officers, the narrator closes the history of David's reign; for the remaining four chapters form a kind of appendix. A similar list closes ch. 8, where, too, there is a break in the history, the previous narra-tire having been a summary of the rapid rise of David's empire. In this section, ch. 9-20, we have a more full and detailed account of David's wars, leading on to his crime and its punishment. The rest of David's life we may trust was calm and uneventful, but it was the life of a sorrow stricken man; and the sword again woke up against his family when his end was approaching, and filled his dying hours with grief and trouble. This list is much later in date than that previously given, though most of the officers are the same. Cherethites. This is a correction of the Massorites to make the passage agree with 2 Samuel 8:18. The K'tib has cari, a word which occurs in 2 Kings 11:4, 19, where in the Authorized Version it is translated "captains," but in the Revised Version Carites, which here appears only in the margin. But there is no reason why the place of the Cherethites should not have been taken by Carian mercenaries later on in David's reign, though really we know too little about such matters to be able to form a judgment. Some commentators translate cari "digger," and suppose that it means executioner; but why a digger should have such a meaning is inexplicable. It may be interesting to add that the Caftans were famous in old times as mercenaries. During the reign of Manasseh, Psammetichus won the throne of all Egypt by the aid of Caftans, and from that period they took a leading part in all Egyptian wars. The age of David is much more antique, but as there was constant communication between Phoenicia and Asia Minor and Greece, there is nothing improbable in David taking Caftans into his service in place of the Philistine Cherethites. His connection with them would soon cease after he left Ziklag.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now Joab
וְיוֹאָ֕ב (wə·yō·w·’āḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3097: Joab -- 'the LORD is father', three Israelites

was over
אֶ֥ל (’el)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the whole
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

army
הַצָּבָ֖א (haṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

of Israel;
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

Benaiah
וּבְנָיָה֙ (ū·ḇə·nā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1141: Benaiah -- 'Yah has built up', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Jehoiada
יְה֣וֹיָדָ֔ע (yə·hō·w·yā·ḏā‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3077: Jehoiada -- 'the LORD knows', the name of several Israelites

was over
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the Cherethites
הַכְּרֵתִ֖י (hak·kə·rê·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3746: Bodyguard of Jehoash

and
וְעַל־ (wə·‘al-)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

Pelethites;
הַפְּלֵתִֽי׃ (hap·pə·lê·ṯî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6432: A courier, official messenger


Jump to Previous
Army Benaiah Benai'ah Cherethite Cherethites Cher'ethites Command Entire Head Host Israel Israel's Jehoiada Jehoi'ada Joab Jo'ab Kerethites Pelethite Pelethites Pel'ethites Whole
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Army Benaiah Benai'ah Cherethite Cherethites Cher'ethites Command Entire Head Host Israel Israel's Jehoiada Jehoi'ada Joab Jo'ab Kerethites Pelethite Pelethites Pel'ethites Whole
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OT History: 2 Samuel 20:23 Now Joab was over all the army (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
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