1 Kings 4:4
New International Version
Benaiah son of Jehoiada—commander in chief; Zadok and Abiathar—priests;

New Living Translation
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was commander of the army. Zadok and Abiathar were priests.

English Standard Version
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Berean Study Bible
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

King James Bible
And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

New King James Version
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, over the army; Zadok and Abiathar, the priests;

New American Standard Bible
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

NASB 1995
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

NASB 1977
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Amplified Bible
Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was in command of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Christian Standard Bible
Benaiah son of Jehoiada, in charge of the army; Zadok and Abiathar, priests;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Benaiah son of Jehoiada, in charge of the army; Zadok and Abiathar, priests;

American Standard Version
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Benaiah, son of Yawida, over the army and Tsaduq and Abiathar the Priests

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Banaeas son of Jodae over the host; and Sadoc and Abiathar were priests.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Banaias the son of Joiada, over the army: and Sadoc and Abiathar priests.

English Revised Version
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Good News Translation
Commander of the army: Benaiah son of Jehoiada Priests: Zadok and Abiathar

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Benaiah], son of Jehoiada, was commander of the army. [Zadok] and [Abiathar] were priests.

International Standard Version
Jehoiada's son Benaiah commanded the army, Zadok and Abiathar served as priests,

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Literal Standard Version
and Benaiah son of Jehoiada [is] over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar [are] priests;

NET Bible
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was commander of the army. Zadok and Abiathar were priests.

New Heart English Bible
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

World English Bible
and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the army; and Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

Young's Literal Translation
and Benaiah son of Jehoiada is over the host; and Zadok and Abiathar are priests;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Princes
3Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder; 4Benaiah son of Jehoiada was in charge of the army; Zadok and Abiathar were priests; 5Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the governors; Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king;…

Cross References
2 Samuel 8:18
Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites; and David's sons were priestly leaders.

2 Samuel 20:25
Sheva was the scribe; Zadok and Abiathar were priests;

1 Kings 2:27
So Solomon banished Abiathar from the priesthood of the LORD and thus fulfilled the word that the LORD had spoken at Shiloh against the house of Eli.

1 Kings 2:35
And the king appointed Benaiah son of Jehoiada in Joab's place over the army, and he appointed Zadok the priest in Abiathar's place.


Treasury of Scripture

And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the host: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests:

Benaiah

1 Kings 2:35
And the king put Benaiah the son of Jehoiada in his room over the host: and Zadok the priest did the king put in the room of Abiathar.

Zadok

1 Kings 2:26,27,35
And unto Abiathar the priest said the king, Get thee to Anathoth, unto thine own fields; for thou art worthy of death: but I will not at this time put thee to death, because thou barest the ark of the Lord GOD before David my father, and because thou hast been afflicted in all wherein my father was afflicted…









(4) Zadok and Abiathar . . . the priests.--Abiathar, though disgraced and practically deposed, was still regarded theoretically as priest (much as Annas is called "high priest" in the Gospels), for the priesthood was properly for life.

Verse 4. - And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [see on 1 Kings 1:32] was [the A. V. supplies was and were quite needlessly in this and succeeding verses. This is simply a list of Solomon's princes and of the offices they discharged] over the host [cf. 1 Kings 2:35]: and Zadok and Abiathar were the priests [the mention of Abiathar's name after his deposition (1 Kings 2:27, 35) has occasioned much remark, and has even led to the belief that he was subsequently pardoned and restored to office (Clericus). Theodoret remarks quite truly, τὴν ἀρχὴν ἀφείλατο οὐ τῆς ἱερωσύνης ἐγύμνωσεν, and similarly Grotius. But a simpler explanation is that his name is put down here because he had been high priest, though for a brief period only, under Solomon. See above on ver. 2.]

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Benaiah
וּבְנָיָ֥הוּ (ū·ḇə·nā·yā·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1141: Benaiah -- 'Yah has built up', the name of several Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Jehoiada
יְהוֹיָדָ֖ע (yə·hō·w·yā·ḏā‘)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3077: Jehoiada -- 'the LORD knows', the name of several Israelites

[was] in charge of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the army;
הַצָּבָ֑א (haṣ·ṣā·ḇā)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 6635: A mass of persons, reg, organized for, war, a campaign

Zadok
וְצָד֥וֹק (wə·ṣā·ḏō·wq)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6659: Zadok -- the name of several Israelites

and Abiathar
וְאֶבְיָתָ֖ר (wə·’eḇ·yā·ṯār)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 54: Abiathar -- 'the great one is father', an Israelite priest

[were] priests;
כֹּהֲנִֽים׃ (kō·hă·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3548: Priest


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OT History: 1 Kings 4:4 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 4:3
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