1 Kings 4:2
New International Version
And these were his chief officials: Azariah son of Zadok—the priest;

New Living Translation
and these were his high officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest.

English Standard Version
and these were his high officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest;

Berean Study Bible
and these were his chief officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest;

King James Bible
And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,

New King James Version
And these were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;

New American Standard Bible
These were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest;

NASB 1995
These were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest;

NASB 1977
And these were his officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the priest;

Amplified Bible
These were his [chief] officials: Azariah the son of Zadok was the high priest;

Christian Standard Bible
and these were his officials: Azariah son of Zadok, priest;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
and these were his officials: Azariah son of Zadok, priest;

American Standard Version
And these were the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And these were his Princes: Azarayah, son of Tsadoq the Priest

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And these are the princes which he had; Azarias son of Sadoc.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And these were the princes which he had: Azarias the son of Sadoc the priest:

English Revised Version
And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;

Good News Translation
and these were his high officials: The priest: Azariah son of Zadok

GOD'S WORD® Translation
these were his officials: [Azariah], son of Zadok, was the [chief] priest.

International Standard Version
Here's a list of his officials: Zadok's son Azariah was priest,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And these were the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;

Literal Standard Version
and these [are] the heads whom he has: Azariah son of Zadok [is] the priest;

NET Bible
These were his officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest.

New Heart English Bible
These were the officials whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;

World English Bible
These were the princes whom he had: Azariah the son of Zadok, the priest;

Young's Literal Translation
and these are the heads whom he hath: Azariah son of Zadok is the priest;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Princes
1So King Solomon ruled over Israel, 2and these were his chief officials: Azariah son of Zadok was the priest; 3Elihoreph and Ahijah, the sons of Shisha, were secretaries; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was the recorder;…

Cross References
1 Kings 4:1
So King Solomon ruled over Israel,

1 Chronicles 6:10
Johanan was the father of Azariah, who served as priest in the temple that Solomon built in Jerusalem,


Treasury of Scripture

And these were the princes which he had; Azariah the son of Zadok the priest,

Exodus 18:21
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

2 Samuel 8:15-18
And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed judgment and justice unto all his people…

2 Samuel 20:23-26
Now Joab was over all the host of Israel: and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and over the Pelethites: …

Azariah

1 Chronicles 6:8-10
And Ahitub begat Zadok, and Zadok begat Ahimaaz, …

1 Chronicles 27:17
Of the Levites, Hashabiah the son of Kemuel: of the Aaronites, Zadok:

priest.









(2) And these were.--The officers described are of two classes--those attached to Solomon's Court, and those invested with local authority.

The princes are evidently Solomon's high counsellors and officers, "eating at the king's table." The word is derived from a root which means to "set in order." It is significant that whereas in the lists of David's officers in 2Samuel 8:16-18; 2Samuel 20:23-26, the captain of the host stands first, and is followed in one list by the captain of the body-guard, both are here preceded by the peaceful offices of the priests, scribes, and the recorder.

Azariah the son of Zadok the priest.--In 1Chronicles 6:9-10, we find Azariah described as the son of Ahimaaz, and so grandson of Zadok; and the note in 1Kings 4:10 (which is apparently out of its right place) seems to show that he was high priest at the time when the Temple was built. The title the "priest" in this place must be given by anticipation, for it is expressly said below that "Zadok and Abiathar were now the priests." The use of the original word, Cohen (probably signifying "one who ministers"), appears sometimes to retain traces of the old times, when the priesthood and headship of the family were united, and to be applied accordingly to princes, to whom perhaps still attached something of the ancient privilege. Thus it is given to the sons of David in 2Samuel 8:18, where the parallel passage in 1Chronicles 18:17 has a paraphrase, "chief about the king," evidently intended to explain the sense in which it is used in the older record. We may remember that David himself on occasions wore the priestly ephod (see 2Samuel 6:14). Possibly in this sense it is applied in 1Kings 4:5 to Zabud, the "king's friend" (where the Authorised Version renders it by "principal officer"). But in this verse there is every reason for taking it in the usual sense. Azariah was already a "prince" before he succeeded to the high priesthood. The mingling, of priestly and princely functions is characteristic of the time. . . .

Verse 2. - And these were the princes [i.e. ministers, officers. Cf. 2 Samuel 8:15-18, and 2 Sam 20:23-26] which he had, Azariah the son [i.e., descendant, probably grandson. See on 1 Chronicles 6:10] of Zadok the priest. [We are here confronted by two questions of considerable difficulty. First, to whom does the title "priest" here belong, to Azariah or to Zadok? Second, what are we to understand by the term, a spiritual, or a more or less secular person - ἱερεύς or βουλευτής? As to

1. the Vulgate (sacerdotis) and apparently the Authorized Version, with the Rabbins, Luther, and many later expounders, connect the title with Zadok (who is mentioned as priest in ver. 4), and understand that Azariah, the son of the high priest Zadok, was, together with the sons of Shisha, one of the scribes (ver. 3). It is true that this view obviates some difficulties, but against it are these considerations.

(1) The accents.

(2) The Chaldee and LXX. (ὁ ἱερεύς Cod. Alex.; Cod. Vat. omits the words) Versions. . . .

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
and these
וְאֵ֥לֶּה (wə·’êl·leh)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

were his chief officials:
הַשָּׂרִ֖ים (haś·śā·rîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8269: Chieftain, chief, ruler, official, captain, prince

Azariah
עֲזַרְיָ֥הוּ (‘ă·zar·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5838: Azariah -- 'Yah has helped', the name of a number of Israelites

son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Zadok
צָד֖וֹק (ṣā·ḏō·wq)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6659: Zadok -- the name of several Israelites

[was] the priest;
הַכֹּהֵֽן׃ (hak·kō·hên)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3548: Priest


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OT History: 1 Kings 4:2 These were the princes whom he had: (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
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