1 Kings 4:20
New International Version
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore; they ate, they drank and they were happy.

New Living Translation
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They were very contented, with plenty to eat and drink.

English Standard Version
Judah and Israel were as many as the sand by the sea. They ate and drank and were happy.

Berean Study Bible
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea, eating and drinking and rejoicing.

New American Standard Bible
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

New King James Version
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and rejoicing.

King James Bible
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

Christian Standard Bible
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea; they were eating, drinking, and rejoicing.

Contemporary English Version
There were so many people living in Judah and Israel while Solomon was king that they seemed like grains of sand on a beach. Everyone had enough to eat and drink, and they were happy.

Good News Translation
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the grains of sand on the seashore; they ate and drank, and were happy.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand by the sea; they were eating, drinking, and rejoicing.

International Standard Version
Judah and Israel became as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They enjoyed abundance, and ate, drank, and rejoiced regularly.

NET Bible
The people of Judah and Israel were as innumerable as the sand on the seashore; they had plenty to eat and drink and were happy.

New Heart English Bible
Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The people of Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand on the seashore. They ate and drank and lived happily.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

New American Standard 1977
Judah and Israel were as numerous as the sand that is on the seashore in abundance; they were eating and drinking and rejoicing.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

King James 2000 Bible
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and rejoicing.

American King James Version
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

American Standard Version
Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Juda and Israel were innumerable, as the sand of the sea in multitude: eating and drinking, and rejoicing.

Darby Bible Translation
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

English Revised Version
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

Webster's Bible Translation
Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

World English Bible
Judah and Israel were many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking and making merry.

Young's Literal Translation
Judah and Israel are many, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude, eating and drinking and rejoicing.
Study Bible
Solomon's Wealth
20Judah and Israel became as numerous as the sand by the sea, eating and drinking and rejoicing. 21And Solomon reigned over all the kingdoms from the Euphrates to the land of the Philistines, as far as the border of Egypt. These kingdoms offered tribute and served Solomon all the days of his life.…
Cross References
Genesis 22:17
I will surely bless you, and I will multiply your descendants like the stars in the sky and the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will possess the gates of their enemies.

Genesis 32:12
But You have said, 'I will surely make you prosper, and I will make your offspring like the sand of the sea, too numerous to count.'"

1 Kings 3:8
Your servant is here among the people You have chosen, a people too numerous to count or number.

1 Kings 4:29
And God gave Solomon wisdom, exceedingly deep insight, and understanding beyond measure, like the sand on the seashore.

2 Kings 18:31
Do not listen to Hezekiah, for this is what the king of Assyria says: Make peace with me and come out to me. Then every one of you will eat from his own vine his own fig tree, and drink water from his own cistern,

1 Chronicles 22:9
But a son will be born to you who will be a man of rest. I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side; for his name will be Solomon, and I will grant to Israel peace and quiet during his reign.

Treasury of Scripture

Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry.

as the sand

1 Kings 3:8
And thy servant is in the midst of thy people which thou hast chosen, a great people, that cannot be numbered nor counted for multitude.

Genesis 13:16
And I will make thy seed as the dust of the earth: so that if a man can number the dust of the earth, then shall thy seed also be numbered.

Genesis 15:5
And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, So shall thy seed be.

eating

1 Samuel 30:16
And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah.

1 Chronicles 12:39
And there they were with David three days, eating and drinking: for their brethren had prepared for them.

Job 1:18
While he was yet speaking, there came also another, and said, Thy sons and thy daughters were eating and drinking wine in their eldest brother's house:







Lexicon
Judah
יְהוּדָ֤ה (yə·hū·ḏāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3063: Judah -- 'praised', a son of Jacob, also the southern kingdom, also four Israelites

and Israel
וְיִשְׂרָאֵל֙ (wə·yiś·rā·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

[became] as numerous
לָרֹ֑ב (lā·rōḇ)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7230: Multitude, abundance, greatness

as the sand
כַּח֥וֹל (ka·ḥō·wl)
Preposition-k, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2344: Sand

by
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the sea,
הַיָּ֖ם (hay·yām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3220: A sea, the Mediterranean Sea, large river, an artifical basin

eating
אֹכְלִ֥ים (’ō·ḵə·lîm)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

and drinking
וְשֹׁתִ֖ים (wə·šō·ṯîm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8354: To imbibe

and rejoicing.
וּשְׂמֵחִֽים׃ (ū·śə·mê·ḥîm)
Conjunctive waw | Adjective - masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 8056: Glad, joyful, merry
(20) Were many.--The description of the condition of the people here and in 1Kings 4:25, as multiplied in numbers, and living in festivity and peace, is evidently designed to specify not only their general prosperity and wealth, but also the fact noticed in 1Kings 9:20-22, that at this time they were a dominant race, relieved from all burden of labour, and ruling over the subject races, now reduced to complete subjection and serfship. (That it was otherwise hereafter is clear from the complaints to Rehoboam in 1Kings 12:4.) Now, for the first time, did Israel enter on full possession of the territory promised in the days of the Conquest (Joshua 1:4), and so into the complete fulfilment of the promise to Abraham, alluded to in the words, "many as the sand which is by the sea in multitude" (Genesis 22:17).

Verse 20. - Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude [a reminiscence of Genesis 13:16; Genesis 22:17; Genesis 32:12 (cf. ch. 3:8). In the reign of Solomon these promises had their fulfilment], eating and drinking, and making merry. [Cf. 1 Samuel 30:16. The Hebrew here begins a new chapter. The LXX. omits vers. 20, 21, 25, 26, and places vers. 27, 28, "and those officers," etc., after the list of prefects, ver. 19.] 4:20-28 Never did the crown of Israel shine so bright, as when Solomon wore it. He had peace on all sides. Herein, his kingdom was a type of the Messiah's; for to Him it is promised that he shall have the heathen for his inheritance, and that princes shall worship him. The spiritual peace, and joy, and holy security, of all the faithful subjects of the Lord Jesus, were typified by that of Israel. The kingdom of God is not, as Solomon's was, meat and drink, but, what is infinitely better, righteousness, and peace, and joy in the Holy Ghost. The vast number of his attendants, and the great resort to him, are shown by the provision daily made. Herein Christ far outdoes Solomon, that he feeds all his subjects, not with the bread that perishes, but with that which endures to eternal life.
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OT History: 1 Kings 4:20 Judah and Israel were many as (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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