1 Chronicles 12:18
New International Version
Then the Spirit came on Amasai, chief of the Thirty, and he said: "We are yours, David! We are with you, son of Jesse! Success, success to you, and success to those who help you, for your God will help you." So David received them and made them leaders of his raiding bands.

New Living Translation
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, the leader of the Thirty, and he said, “We are yours, David! We are on your side, son of Jesse. Peace and prosperity be with you, and success to all who help you, for your God is the one who helps you.” So David let them join him, and he made them officers over his troops.

English Standard Version
Then the Spirit clothed Amasai, chief of the thirty, and he said, “We are yours, O David, and with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers! For your God helps you.” Then David received them and made them officers of his troops.

Berean Study Bible
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, the chief of the Thirty, and he said: “We are yours, O David! We are with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers, for your God helps you.” So David received them and made them leaders of his troops.

King James Bible
Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

New King James Version
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, chief of the captains, and he said:We are yours, O David; We are on your side, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, And peace to your helpers! For your God helps you.” So David received them, and made them captains of the troop.

New American Standard Bible
Then the Spirit covered Amasai like clothing, the chief of the thirty; and he said,We are yours, David, And are with you, son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, And peace to him who helps you; Indeed, your God helps you!” Then David received them and made them captains of the troops.

NASB 1995
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, who was the chief of the thirty, and he said, "We are yours, O David, And with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, And peace to him who helps you; Indeed, your God helps you!" Then David received them and made them captains of the band.

NASB 1977
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, who was the chief of the thirty, and he said,We are yours, O David, And with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, And peace to him who helps you; Indeed, your God helps you!”Then David received them and made them captains of the band.

Amplified Bible
Then the [Holy] Spirit came on Amasai, who was chief of the thirty, and he said, “We are yours, O David, And with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace be to you, And peace be to him who helps you; For your God helps you.” Then David accepted and received them and made them officers of his troops.

Christian Standard Bible
Then the Spirit enveloped Amasai, chief of the Thirty, and he said: We are yours, David, we are with you, son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to him who helps you, for your God helps you. So David received them and made them leaders of his troops.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the Spirit took control of Amasai, chief of the Thirty, and he said: We are yours, David, we are with you, son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to him who helps you, for your God helps you. So David received them and made them leaders of his troops.

American Standard Version
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the thirty, and he said , Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thy helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Spirit of Power clothed himself with Amasa, son of Yathar, Chief of thirty, and he answered and said to David: “Come David, come you son of Iyshay, I am also with you! Peace to you! Do not fear, and peace is given to you from before your helper, because your God is helping you every hour!” And David received them and David appointed them Commanders of the army.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Spirit came upon Amasai, a captain of the thirty, and he said, Go, David, son of Jesse, thou and thy people, peace, peace be to thee, and peace to thy helpers, for thy God has helped thee. And David received them, and made them captains of the forces.

Contemporary English Version
Amasai, who later became the leader of the Thirty Warriors, was one of these men who went to David. God's Spirit took control of him, and he said, "We will join you, David son of Jesse! You and your followers will always be successful, because God fights on your side." So David agreed to let them stay, and he even put them in charge of his soldiers who raided enemy villages.

Douay-Rheims Bible
But the spirit came upon Amasai the chief among thirty, and he said: We are thine, O David, and for thee, O son of Isai: peace, peace be to thee, and peace to thy helpers. For thy God helpeth thee. So David received them, and made them captains of the band.

English Revised Version
Then the spirit came upon Amasai, who was chief of the thirty, and he said, Thine are we, David, and on thy side, thou son of Jesse: peace, peace be unto thee, and peace be to thine helpers; for thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

Good News Translation
God's spirit took control of one of them, Amasai, who later became the commander of "The Thirty," and he called out, "David son of Jesse, we are yours! Success to you and those who help you! God is on your side." David welcomed them and made them officers in his army.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then the Spirit gave Amasai, the leader of the thirty, the strength [to say], "We are yours, David. We are with you, son of Jesse. Success, success to you! Success to those who help you, because your God is helping you." So David welcomed them and made them officers over his troops.

International Standard Version
Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, leader of the Thirty, and he said, "David, we belong to you; we're with you, son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to the one who helps you! For your deliverer is your God." So David received them and assigned them to be officers over troops.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Then the spirit clothed Amasai, who was chief of the captains: Thine are we, David, And on thy side, thou son of Jesse; Peace, peace be unto thee, And peace be to thy helpers; For thy God helpeth thee. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

Literal Standard Version
And the Spirit has clothed Amasai, head of the captains: “To you, O David, and with you, O son of Jesse—peace! Peace to you, and peace to your helper, for your God has helped you”; and David receives them, and puts them among the heads of the troop.

NET Bible
But a spirit empowered Amasai, the leader of the thirty warriors, and he said: "We are yours, O David! We support you, O son of Jesse! May you greatly prosper! May those who help you prosper! Indeed your God helps you!" So David accepted them and made them leaders of raiding bands.

New Heart English Bible
Then the Spirit came on Amasai, who was chief of the Thirty, and he said, "We are yours, David, and on your side, you son of Jesse: peace, peace be to you, and peace be to your helpers; for your God helps you." Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

World English Bible
Then the Spirit came on Amasai, who was chief of the thirty, [and he said], "We are yours, David, and on your side, you son of Jesse: peace, peace be to you, and peace be to your helpers; for your God helps you." Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

Young's Literal Translation
And the Spirit hath clothed Amasai, head of the captains: 'To thee, O David, and with thee, O son of Jesse -- peace! peace to thee, and peace to thy helper, for thy God hath helped thee;' and David receiveth them, and putteth them among the heads of the troop.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Mighty Men Join David at Ziklag
17And David went out to meet them, saying, “If you have come to me in peace to help me, my heart will be united with you; but if you have come to betray me to my enemies when my hands are free of violence, may the God of our fathers see it and judge you.” 18Then the Spirit came upon Amasai, the chief of the Thirty, and he said: “We are yours, O David! We are with you, O son of Jesse! Peace, peace to you, and peace to your helpers, for your God helps you.” So David received them and made them leaders of his troops. 19Some from Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (They did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers consulted and sent David away, saying, “It will cost us our heads if he defects to his master Saul.”)…

Cross References
Judges 3:10
The Spirit of the LORD came upon him, and he became Israel's judge and went out to war. And the LORD delivered Cushan-rishathaim king of Aram into the hand of Othniel, who prevailed against him.

Judges 6:34
So the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, who blew the ram's horn and rallied the Abiezrites behind him.

1 Samuel 16:4
So Samuel did what the LORD had said and went to Bethlehem. When the elders of the town met him, they trembled and asked, "Do you come in peace?"

1 Samuel 25:5
So David sent ten young men and instructed them, "Go up to Nabal at Carmel. Greet him in my name

1 Samuel 25:6
and say to him, 'Long life to you, and peace to you and your house and to all that belongs to you.

1 Chronicles 2:17
Abigail was the mother of Amasa, whose father was Jether the Ishmaelite.

1 Chronicles 11:11
This is the list of David's mighty men: Jashobeam son of Hachmoni was chief of the officers; he wielded his spear against three hundred men, whom he killed at one time.

1 Chronicles 12:17
And David went out to meet them, saying, "If you have come to me in peace to help me, my heart will be united with you; but if you have come to betray me to my enemies when my hands are free of violence, may the God of our fathers see it and judge you."


Treasury of Scripture

Then the spirit came on Amasai, who was chief of the captains, and he said, Your are we, David, and on your side, you son of Jesse: peace, peace be to you, and peace be to your helpers; for your God helps you. Then David received them, and made them captains of the band.

the spirit

Judges 6:34
But the Spirit of the LORD came upon Gideon, and he blew a trumpet; and Abiezer was gathered after him.

Judges 13:25
And the Spirit of the LORD began to move him at times in the camp of Dan between Zorah and Eshtaol.

Isaiah 59:17
For he put on righteousness as a breastplate, and an helmet of salvation upon his head; and he put on the garments of vengeance for clothing, and was clad with zeal as a cloke.

came upon Amasai [heb] clothed Amasai

1 Chronicles 2:17
And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.

2 Samuel 17:25
And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man's son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab's mother.

2 Samuel 19:13
And say ye to Amasa, Art thou not of my bone, and of my flesh? God do so to me, and more also, if thou be not captain of the host before me continually in the room of Joab.

Amasa

2 Kings 10:5
And he that was over the house, and he that was over the city, the elders also, and the bringers up of the children, sent to Jehu, saying, We are thy servants, and will do all that thou shalt bid us; we will not make any king: do thou that which is good in thine eyes.

and on they side

Ruth 1:16
And Ruth said, Intreat me not to leave thee, or to return from following after thee: for whither thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodgest, I will lodge: thy people shall be my people, and thy God my God:

2 Samuel 15:21
And Ittai answered the king, and said, As the LORD liveth, and as my lord the king liveth, surely in what place my lord the king shall be, whether in death or life, even there also will thy servant be.

2 Kings 9:32
And he lifted up his face to the window, and said, Who is on my side? who? And there looked out to him two or three eunuchs.

peace

Galatians 6:16
And as many as walk according to this rule, peace be on them, and mercy, and upon the Israel of God.

Ephesians 6:23,24
Peace be to the brethren, and love with faith, from God the Father and the Lord Jesus Christ…

thy God

1 Samuel 25:28,29
I pray thee, forgive the trespass of thine handmaid: for the LORD will certainly make my lord a sure house; because my lord fighteth the battles of the LORD, and evil hath not been found in thee all thy days…

2 Samuel 5:2
Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the LORD said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.









(18) Then the spirit came upon Amasai.--Literally, and spirit clothed Amasai. The term for "God" (Elohim) has probably fallen out of the Heb. ext. (Comp. 2Chronicles 24:20, and Judges 6:34.) We, in these days, may word it differently, and say, Under a sudden impulse of enthusiasm, Amasai exclaimed, &c. But if we look deeper, and seek a definite interpretation of our terms, we shall allow that the impulses of spirit are spiritual, and that enthusiasm for truth and right is indeed a sort of divine possession. The Syriac renders: "The spirit of valour clothed Amasai." Comp. Isaiah 11:2.) The spirit of Jehovah is the source of true courage, as of all other spiritual gifts.

Amasai.--Perhaps the same as Amasa (1Chronicles 2:17), son of Abigail, David's sister, whom Joab murdered out of jealousy (2Samuel 17:25; 2Samuel 20:4-10).

Chief of the captains.--The Heb. text reads, "head of the Thirty," with which the LXX., Svr., and Vulg. agree. The Heb. margin (Qri) has "knights," or "chariot-soldiers" (Authorised Version, "captains"), which is less probable. Amasai's name is not given in the catalogue of the Thirty (1 Chronicles 11), and he is here called "chief of the Thirty" by anticipation.

Thine are we, David.--The structure of Amasa?s inspired utterance is poetical--

"To thee, David!

And with thee, son of Ishai!

Peace, peace to thee.

And peace to thine helper;

For thy God hath holpen thee!

On thy side.--Heb., with thee. (Comp. 1Chronicles 11:10; and our Saviour's "He that is not with me is against me.")

Peace, peace be unto thee.--David had said, "If ye be come for peace"--that is, with friendly intent. Amasai answers, We will be fast friends with thee, and with all who befriend thee, because God is on thy side. (Comp, the usual Oriental greeting, Salam 'alaikum--Peace to you!) David's past history gave ample evidence of Divine support.

Then David received them.--A late Heb. word (qibb?l). The chronicler resumes his narrative.

Made them captains of the band.--Literally, and bestowed them among the heads of the band--made them officers of his little army, which was continually growing by such adhesions, (Comp. 1Samuel 22:2, and 1Samuel 23:13.)

Verse 18. - The response of the band, by the mouth of Amasai was worthy of the character of the appeal that David made, both in its heartiness and its high tone. Amasai. Possibly the same with Amasa (1 Chronicles 2:17), the son of Abigail (David's sister), wife of Jether (2 Samuel 17:25; 2 Samuel 18:6; 2 Samuel 19:13; 2 Samuel 20:10). Ewald discusses this point ('Genesis Int.,' 2:544). He was made captain of the host by Absalom, afterwards by David, and Joab put an end to his life. The Spirit (see Numbers 11:26; Nehemiah 9:30). The more literal translation of the verb came upon is clothed. Most interesting and instructive is the subject of the gradually developing manifestation of the agency of the eternal Spirit from the beginning of the world. Through the ascending illustrations of his natural work in creation (Genesis 1:2), his relation to human bodily life (Genesis 2:7; Job 27:3), his intellectual work of various kinds (Genesis 41:38; Exodus 28:3; Numbers 24:2; Judges 9:29), we are led on to his highest spiritual functions.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then the Spirit
וְר֣וּחַ (wə·rū·aḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - common singular
Strong's 7307: Wind, breath, exhalation, life, anger, unsubstantiality, a region of the sky, spirit

came upon
לָבְשָׁ֗ה (lā·ḇə·šāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 3847: Wrap around, to put on a, garment, clothe

Amasai,
עֲמָשַׂי֮ (‘ă·mā·śay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6022: Amasai -- the name of several Israelites

the chief
רֹ֣אשׁ (rōš)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7218: The head

of the Thirty, and he said:
הַשָּׁלִישִׁים֒ (haš·šā·lî·šîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 7970: Thirty, thirtieth

“We are yours,
לְךָ֤ (lə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

O David!
דָוִיד֙ (ḏā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

We are with you,
וְעִמְּךָ֣ (wə·‘im·mə·ḵā)
Conjunctive waw | Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

O son
בֶן־ (ḇen-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Jesse!
יִשַׁ֔י (yi·šay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3448: Jesse -- father of David

Peace,
שָׁל֨וֹם ׀ (šā·lō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

peace to you,
שָׁל֜וֹם (šā·lō·wm)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

and peace
וְשָׁלוֹם֙ (wə·šā·lō·wm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

to your helpers,
לְעֹ֣זְרֶ֔ךָ (lə·‘ō·zə·re·ḵā)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 5826: To surround, protect, aid

for
כִּ֥י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

your God
אֱלֹהֶ֑יךָ (’ĕ·lō·he·ḵā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | second person masculine singular
Strong's 430: gods -- the supreme God, magistrates, a superlative

will help you.”
עֲזָרְךָ֖ (‘ă·zā·rə·ḵā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | second person masculine singular
Strong's 5826: To surround, protect, aid

So David
דָּוִ֔יד (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

received
וַיְקַבְּלֵ֣ם (way·qab·bə·lêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 6901: To receive, take

them and made
וַֽיִּתְּנֵ֖ם (way·yit·tə·nêm)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

them leaders
בְּרָאשֵׁ֥י (bə·rā·šê)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 7218: The head

of his troops.
הַגְּדֽוּד׃ (hag·gə·ḏūḏ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1416: A band, troop


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 12:18 Then the Spirit came on Amasai who (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 12:17
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