1 Chronicles 12:20
New International Version
When David went to Ziklag, these were the men of Manasseh who defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, leaders of units of a thousand in Manasseh.

New Living Translation
Here is a list of the men from Manasseh who defected to David as he was returning to Ziklag: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. Each commanded 1,000 troops from the tribe of Manasseh.

English Standard Version
As he went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh deserted to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

Berean Study Bible
When David went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

King James Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

New King James Version
When he went to Ziklag, those of Manasseh who defected to him were Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of the thousands who were from Manasseh.

New American Standard Bible
As he was going to Ziklag, men from Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.

NASB 1995
As he went to Ziklag there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.

NASB 1977
As he went to Ziklag, there defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.

Amplified Bible
As David went to Ziklag, these men defected to him from Manasseh: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who belonged to Manasseh.

Christian Standard Bible
When David went to Ziklag, some men from Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When David went to Ziklag, some men from Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh.

American Standard Version
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And these are their names: Ada, Zabur, Yadil, Mankiel, Elihu and Yuzabar, Chief of the thousands of the house of Manassheh.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
When David was going to Sikelag, there came to him of Manasse, Edna and Jozabath, and Rodiel, and Michael, and Josabaith, and Elimuth, and Semathi: these are the captains of thousands of Manasse.

Contemporary English Version
That's when the following men from Manasseh joined him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. They had all been commanders in Saul's army

Douay-Rheims Bible
So when he went back to Siceleg, m there fled to him of Manasses, Ednas and Jozabad, and Jedihel, and Michael, and Ednas, and Jozabad, and Eliu, and Salathi, captains of thousands in Manasses.

English Revised Version
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

Good News Translation
These are the soldiers from Manasseh who went over to David's side when he was returning: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. In Manasseh they had all commanded units of a thousand men.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When David went to Ziklag, these men from Manasseh deserted to join him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai. Each one was an officer over 1,000 men in Manasseh.

International Standard Version
As he traveled toward Ziklag, these descendants of Manasseh joined him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders in charge thousands in Manasseh.

JPS Tanakh 1917
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands that were of Manasseh.

Literal Standard Version
In his going to Ziglag there have fallen to him from Manasseh: Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillthai, heads of the thousands who [are] of Manasseh;

NET Bible
When David went to Ziklag, the men of Manasseh who joined him were Adnach, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, leaders of a thousand soldiers each in the tribe of Manasseh.

New Heart English Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who were of Manasseh.

World English Bible
As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillethai, captains of thousands who were of Manasseh.

Young's Literal Translation
In his going unto Ziglag there have fallen unto him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zillthai, heads of the thousands that are of Manasseh;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Mighty Men Join David at Ziklag
19Some from Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (They did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers consulted and sent David away, saying, “It will cost us our heads if he defects to his master Saul.”) 20When David went to Ziklag, these men of Manasseh defected to him: Adnah, Jozabad, Jediael, Michael, Jozabad, Elihu, and Zillethai, chiefs of thousands in Manasseh. 21They helped David against the raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and commanders in the army.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 29:3
Then the commanders of the Philistines asked, "What about these Hebrews?" Achish replied, "Is this not David, the servant of King Saul of Israel? He has been with me all these days, even years, and from the day he defected until today I have found no fault in him."

1 Chronicles 8:20
Elienai, Zillethai, Eliel,

1 Chronicles 12:19
Some from Manasseh defected to David when he went with the Philistines to fight against Saul. (They did not help the Philistines because the Philistine rulers consulted and sent David away, saying, "It will cost us our heads if he defects to his master Saul.")

1 Chronicles 12:21
They helped David against the raiders, for they were all mighty men of valor and commanders in the army.


Treasury of Scripture

As he went to Ziklag, there fell to him of Manasseh, Adnah, and Jozabad, and Jediael, and Michael, and Jozabad, and Elihu, and Zilthai, captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.

As he went

1 Samuel 29:11
So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel.

captains

Exodus 18:21
Moreover thou shalt provide out of all the people able men, such as fear God, men of truth, hating covetousness; and place such over them, to be rulers of thousands, and rulers of hundreds, rulers of fifties, and rulers of tens:

Deuteronomy 1:15
So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes.

Deuteronomy 33:17
His glory is like the firstling of his bullock, and his horns are like the horns of unicorns: with them he shall push the people together to the ends of the earth: and they are the ten thousands of Ephraim, and they are the thousands of Manasseh.









(20) As he went to Ziklag.--On his dismissal by the Philistine princes, David returned with his men to Ziklag (1Samuel 30:1). On the way he was joined by the Manassite chieftains, probably before the battle which decided the fate of Saul and his sons (1Samuel 29:11).

Jozabad.--The repetition may be a scribe's error. (Comp. 1Chronicles 12:10; 1Chronicles 12:13, where we find the name Jeremiah given twice over.)

Captains of the thousands that were of Manasseh.--(Comp. Numbers 31:14; and 1Chronicles 13:1; 1Chronicles 15:25; 1Chronicles 26:26.) The term "thousand" interchanges with "father-house" (clan); and perhaps each clan originally furnished 1,000 warriors to the tribal host.

Verse 20. - Although those of Manasseh who wished to ally themselves with David did not - most providentially for David and his Ziklag people - have the opportunity of aiding him when, on the eve of Gilboa, he was about to aid Achish the prince of the Philistines against the Israelites and Saul, yet their help must have come in useful when, on his return "to Ziklag on the third day," he found what the Amalekites had done, and pursued them (1 Samuel 30:1-6, 11-25). Seven is the number also of Eastern Manasseh mentioned in 1 Chronicles 5:24. Nothing is now said of the men belonging to them joining with them. Jozabad. One manuscript quoted by Kennicott has for this name on its first occurrence Jechabar. It is scarcely likely that the same name should appear twice in this short list, without some qualifying mark being put to one of the two. Nothing else is known of these seven cap-talus of the thousands of Manasseh.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When David went
בְּלֶכְתּ֣וֹ (bə·leḵ·tōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew

Ziklag,
צִֽיקְלַ֗ג (ṣî·qə·laḡ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6860: Ziklag -- a city assigned to Judah, also to Simeon

these men of Manasseh
מִֽמְּנַשֶּׁ֡ה (mim·mə·naš·šeh)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4519: Manasseh -- 'causing to forget', a son of Joseph, also a king of Judah, also two Israelites

defected
נָפְל֣וּ (nā·p̄ə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 5307: To fall, lie

to him:
עָלָ֣יו ׀ (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

Adnah,
עַ֠דְנַח (‘aḏ·naḥ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5734: Adnah -- 'pleasure', two Israelites

Jozabad,
וְיוֹזָבָ֤ד (wə·yō·w·zā·ḇāḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3107: Jozabad

Jediael,
וִידִֽיעֲאֵל֙ (wî·ḏî·‘ă·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3043: Jediael -- 'knowing God', three Israelites

Michael,
וּמִיכָאֵ֣ל (ū·mî·ḵā·’êl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4317: Michael -- 'Who is like God?' an angel, also a number of Israelites

Jozabad,
וְיוֹזָבָ֔ד (wə·yō·w·zā·ḇāḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3107: Jozabad

Elihu,
וֶאֱלִיה֖וּא (we·’ĕ·lî·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 453: Elihu -- 'He is (my) God', five Israelites

and Zillethai,
וְצִלְּתָ֑י (wə·ṣil·lə·ṯāy)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6769: Zillethai -- 'shady', two Israelites

chiefs
רָאשֵׁ֥י (rā·šê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 7218: The head

of thousands
הָאֲלָפִ֖ים (hā·’ă·lā·p̄îm)
Article | Number - masculine plural
Strong's 505: A thousand

in Manasseh.
לִמְנַשֶּֽׁה׃ (lim·naš·šeh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4519: Manasseh -- 'causing to forget', a son of Joseph, also a king of Judah, also two Israelites


Jump to Previous
Adnah Armies Belonged Captains Chiefs David Defected Deserted Elihu Eli'hu Fallen Fell Heads Jediael Jedi'a-El Jozabad Joz'abad Leaders Manasseh Manas'seh Michael Thousand Thousands Units Ziglag Ziklag Zillethai Zil'lethai Zilthai
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Adnah Armies Belonged Captains Chiefs David Defected Deserted Elihu Eli'hu Fallen Fell Heads Jediael Jedi'a-El Jozabad Joz'abad Leaders Manasseh Manas'seh Michael Thousand Thousands Units Ziglag Ziklag Zillethai Zil'lethai Zilthai
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 12:20 As he went to Ziklag there fell (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
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