Exodus 19:15
New International Version
Then he said to the people, “Prepare yourselves for the third day. Abstain from sexual relations.”

New Living Translation
He told them, “Get ready for the third day, and until then abstain from having sexual intercourse.”

English Standard Version
And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

Berean Study Bible
“Be prepared for the third day,” he said to the people. “Do not draw near to a woman.”

King James Bible
And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

New King James Version
And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not come near your wives.”

New American Standard Bible
He also said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

NASB 1995
He said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

NASB 1977
And he said to the people, “Be ready for the third day; do not go near a woman.”

Amplified Bible
He said to the people, “Be prepared for the third day; do not be intimate with a woman.”

Christian Standard Bible
He said to the people, “Be prepared by the third day. Do not have sexual relations with women.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
He said to the people, “Be prepared by the third day. Do not have sexual relations with women.”

American Standard Version
And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not near a woman.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he said to the people, “Be ready the third day; you shall not touch a woman.”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he said to the people, Be ready: for three days come not near to a woman.

Contemporary English Version
He told them to be ready in three days and not to have sex in the meantime.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He said to them: Be ready against the third day, and come not near your wives.

English Revised Version
And he said unto the people, Be ready against the third day: come not near a woman.

Good News Translation
and Moses told them, "Be ready by the day after tomorrow and don't have sexual intercourse in the meantime."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then Moses said to the people, "Be ready two days from now. Don't disqualify yourselves by having sexual intercourse."

International Standard Version
He told the people, "Be ready for the third day; don't go near a woman."

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he said unto the people: 'Be ready against the third day; come not near a woman.'

Literal Standard Version
and he says to the people, “Be prepared for the third day, do not come near to a woman.”

NET Bible
He said to the people, "Be ready for the third day. Do not go near your wives."

New Heart English Bible
He said to the people, "Be ready by the third day. Do not have sexual relations with a woman."

World English Bible
He said to the people, "Be ready by the third day. Don't have sexual relations with a woman."

Young's Literal Translation
and he saith unto the people, 'Be ye prepared for the third day, come not nigh unto a woman.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
Israel at Mount Sinai
14When Moses came down from the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes. 15“Be prepared for the third day,” he said to the people. “Do not draw near to a woman.”

Cross References
1 Corinthians 7:5
Do not deprive each other, except by mutual consent and for a time, so you may devote yourselves to prayer. Then come together again, so that Satan will not tempt you through your lack of self-control.

Exodus 19:14
When Moses came down from the mountain to the people, he consecrated them, and they washed their clothes.

Exodus 19:16
On the third day, when morning came, there was thunder and lightning. A thick cloud was upon the mountain, and a very loud blast of the ram's horn went out, so that all the people in the camp trembled.

1 Samuel 21:4
"There is no common bread on hand," the priest replied, "but there is some consecrated bread--provided that the young men have kept themselves from women."

1 Samuel 21:5
David answered, "Women have indeed been kept from us, as is usual when I set out. And the equipment of the young men is holy, as it is even on common missions, and all the more at this time."

1 Chronicles 15:12
And he said to them, "You are the heads of the Levitical families. You and your relatives must consecrate yourselves so that you may bring the ark of the LORD, the God of Israel, to the place I have prepared for it.


Treasury of Scripture

And he said to the people, Be ready against the third day: come not at your wives.

be ready

Amos 4:12
Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel.

Malachi 3:2
But who may abide the day of his coming? and who shall stand when he appeareth? for he is like a refiner's fire, and like fullers' soap:

Matthew 3:10-12
And now also the axe is laid unto the root of the trees: therefore every tree which bringeth not forth good fruit is hewn down, and cast into the fire…

the third

Exodus 19:11,16
And be ready against the third day: for the third day the LORD will come down in the sight of all the people upon mount Sinai…

come not

1 Samuel 21:4,5
And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women…

Joel 2:16
Gather the people, sanctify the congregation, assemble the elders, gather the children, and those that suck the breasts: let the bridegroom go forth of his chamber, and the bride out of her closet.

Zechariah 6:3
And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grisled and bay horses.









(15) Come not at your wives.--Comp. 1Samuel 21:4-5 :1Corinthians 7:5. It was the general sentiment of antiquity that a ceremonial uncleanness attached even to the chastest sexual connection. (Herod. I. 189, ii. 64; Hesiod. Op. et D., 11. 733-4: Tibull, Carni. ii. 1, 11. 11, 12; Porphyr., De Abstinentia, 4:7.) The Levitical law took the same view (Leviticus 15:18), as did the Indian law (Menu, v. 63), the Persian (Zendavesta, quoted by Bahr, Symbolik, vol. ii., p. 466), and the Mahometan (Koran, iv. 5).

Verse 15. - Come not at your wives. Compare 1 Samuel 21:4, 5; 1 Corinthians 7:5. A similar obligation lay on the Egyptian priests (Porphyr. De Abstin. 4:7); and the idea which underlies it was widespread in the ancient world (See Herod. 1:198; Hesiod. Op. et Di. 733-4; Tibul. Carm. 2:1; 51:11, 12.) The subject is well treated, from a Christian point of view, by Pope Gregory the First, in his answers to S. Augustine's questions (Bode, Hist. Eccl. 2.).

CHAPTER 19:16-20

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
“Be
הֱי֥וּ (hĕ·yū)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

prepared
נְכֹנִ֖ים (nə·ḵō·nîm)
Verb - Nifal - Participle - masculine plural
Strong's 3559: To be erect

for the third
לִשְׁלֹ֣שֶׁת (liš·lō·šeṯ)
Preposition-l | Number - masculine singular construct
Strong's 7969: Three, third, thrice

day,”
יָמִ֑ים (yā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3117: A day

he said
וַיֹּ֙אמֶר֙ (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

the people.
הָעָ֔ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

“Do not
אַֽל־ (’al-)
Adverb
Strong's 408: Not

draw near
תִּגְּשׁ֖וּ (tig·gə·šū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine plural
Strong's 5066: To draw near, approach

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

a woman.”
אִשָּֽׁה׃ (’iš·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female


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