2 Chronicles 30:18
New International Version
Although most of the many people who came from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover, contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, "May the LORD, who is good, pardon everyone

New Living Translation
Most of those who came from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun had not purified themselves. But King Hezekiah prayed for them, and they were allowed to eat the Passover meal anyway, even though this was contrary to the requirements of the Law. For Hezekiah said, “May the LORD, who is good, pardon those

English Standard Version
For a majority of the people, many of them from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than as prescribed. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, “May the good LORD pardon everyone

Berean Study Bible
A large number of the people—many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun—had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover, contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah interceded for them, saying, “May the LORD, who is good, provide atonement for everyone

New American Standard Bible
For a multitude of the people, even many from Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than prescribed. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, "May the good LORD pardon

King James Bible
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one

Christian Standard Bible
A large number of the people--many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun--were ritually unclean, yet they had eaten the Passover contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah had interceded for them, saying, "May the good LORD provide atonement on behalf of

Good News Translation
In addition, many of those who had come from the tribes of Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun had not performed the ritual of purification, and so they were observing Passover improperly. King Hezekiah offered this prayer for them:

Holman Christian Standard Bible
A large number of the people--many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun--were ritually unclean, yet they had eaten the Passover contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah had interceded for them, saying, "May the good LORD provide atonement on behalf of

International Standard Version
Even though a large crowd of people from as far away as Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun had not completed consecrating themselves, they still ate the Passover in a manner not proscribed by the Law, because Hezekiah had prayed like this for them: "May the good LORD extend a pardon on behalf of

NET Bible
The majority of the many people from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun were ceremonially unclean, yet they ate the Passover in violation of what is prescribed in the law. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying: "May the LORD, who is good, forgive

New Heart English Bible
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, "May the good LORD pardon everyone

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Many people from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun had not made themselves clean. So they ate the Passover, but not in the way the written instructions said they should. Hezekiah prayed for them: "May the good LORD forgive

JPS Tanakh 1917
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying: 'The good LORD pardon

New American Standard 1977
For a multitude of the people, even many from Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than prescribed. For Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, “May the good LORD pardon

Jubilee Bible 2000
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, and they ate the passover not as it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon each one

King James 2000 Bible
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon everyone

American King James Version
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one

American Standard Version
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, The good Jehovah pardon every one

Brenton Septuagint Translation
For the greatest part of the people of Ephraim, and Manasse, and Issachar, and Zabulon, had not purified themselves, but ate the passover contrary to the scripture. On this account also Ezekias prayed concerning them, saying,

Douay-Rheims Bible
For a great part of the people from Ephraim, and Manasses, and Issachar, and Zabulon, that had not been sanctified, ate the phase otherwise than it is written: and Ezechias prayed for them, saying: The Lord who is good will shew mercy,

Darby Bible Translation
For a multitude of the people, many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, and they ate the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them saying, Jehovah, who is good, forgive every one

English Revised Version
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one

Webster's Bible Translation
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one,

World English Bible
For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet they ate the Passover otherwise than it is written. For Hezekiah had prayed for them, saying, "May the good Yahweh pardon everyone

Young's Literal Translation
for a multitude of the people, many from Ephraim and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, have not been cleansed, but have eaten the passover otherwise than it is written; but Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, 'Jehovah, who is good, doth receive atonement for every one
Study Bible
Hezekiah Celebrates the Passover
17Since there were many in the assembly who had not consecrated themselves, the Levites were in charge of slaughtering the Passover lambs for every unclean person to consecrate the lambs to the LORD. 18A large number of the people— many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun— had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover, contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah interceded for them, saying, “May the LORD, who is good, provide atonement for everyone 19who sets his heart on seeking God—the LORD, the God of his fathers—even if he is not cleansed according to the purification rules of the sanctuary.”…
Cross References
Exodus 12:43
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it.

Numbers 9:10
"Tell the Israelites: When any one of you or your descendants is unclean because of a dead body, or is away on a journey, he may still observe the Passover to the LORD.

2 Chronicles 30:11
Nevertheless, some from Asher, Manasseh, and Zebulun humbled themselves and came to Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 30:25
Then the whole assembly of Judah rejoiced along with the priests and Levites and all the assembly that had come from Israel, including the foreigners who had come from Israel and those who lived in Judah.

2 Chronicles 34:9
So they went to Hilkiah the high priest and gave him the money that had been brought into the house of God, which the Levites at the doors had collected from the people of Manasseh and Ephraim, from all the remnant of Israel, Judah, and Benjamin, and from the people of Jerusalem.

Treasury of Scripture

For a multitude of the people, even many of Ephraim, and Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun, had not cleansed themselves, yet did they eat the passover otherwise than it was written. But Hezekiah prayed for them, saying, The good LORD pardon every one

many of Ephraim

2 Chronicles 30:11
Nevertheless divers of Asher and Manasseh and of Zebulun humbled themselves, and came to Jerusalem.

had not cleansed

Numbers 9:10
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If any man of you or of your posterity shall be unclean by reason of a dead body, or be in a journey afar off, yet he shall keep the passover unto the LORD.

Numbers 19:20
But the man that shall be unclean, and shall not purify himself, that soul shall be cut off from among the congregation, because he hath defiled the sanctuary of the LORD: the water of separation hath not been sprinkled upon him; he is unclean.

1 Corinthians 11:28
But let a man examine himself, and so let him eat of that bread, and drink of that cup.

the passover

Exodus 12:43
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

prayed

Genesis 20:7,17
Now therefore restore the man his wife; for he is a prophet, and he shall pray for thee, and thou shalt live: and if thou restore her not, know thou that thou shalt surely die, thou, and all that are thine…

Job 42:8,9
Therefore take unto you now seven bullocks and seven rams, and go to my servant Job, and offer up for yourselves a burnt offering; and my servant Job shall pray for you: for him will I accept: lest I deal with you after your folly, in that ye have not spoken of me the thing which is right, like my servant Job…

James 5:15,16
And the prayer of faith shall save the sick, and the Lord shall raise him up; and if he have committed sins, they shall be forgiven him…

The good

2 Chronicles 6:21
Hearken therefore unto the supplications of thy servant, and of thy people Israel, which they shall make toward this place: hear thou from thy dwelling place, even from heaven; and when thou hearest, forgive.

Exodus 34:6-9
And the LORD passed by before him, and proclaimed, The LORD, The LORD God, merciful and gracious, longsuffering, and abundant in goodness and truth, …

Numbers 14:18-20
The LORD is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation







Lexicon
A large number
מַרְבִּ֣ית (mar·bîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 4768: Increase, great number, greatness

of the people—
הָעָ֡ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

many
רַ֠בַּת (rab·baṯ)
Adjective - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7227: Much, many, great

from Ephraim,
מֵֽאֶפְרַ֨יִם (mê·’ep̄·ra·yim)
Preposition-m | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 669: Ephraim -- a son of Joseph, also his descendants and their territory

Manasseh,
וּמְנַשֶּׁ֜ה (ū·mə·naš·šeh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4519: Manasseh -- 'causing to forget', a son of Joseph, also a king of Judah, also two Israelites

Issachar,
יִשָּׂשכָ֤ר (yiś·śā·š·ḵār)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3485: Issachar -- perhaps 'there is recompense', a son of Jacob and Leah, also a son of Obed-edom

and Zebulun—
וּזְבֻלוּן֙ (ū·zə·ḇu·lūn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2074: Zebulun -- a son of Jacob, also his descendants and their territory

had not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

purified themselves,
הִטֶּהָ֔רוּ (hiṭ·ṭe·hā·rū)
Verb - Hitpael - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 2891: To be clean or pure

yet
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

they ate
אָכְל֥וּ (’ā·ḵə·lū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

the Passover,
הַפֶּ֖סַח (hap·pe·saḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6453: A pretermission, exemption, Passover

contrary
בְּלֹ֣א (bə·lō)
Preposition-b | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's Hebrew 3808: Not, no

to what was written.
כַכָּת֑וּב (ḵak·kā·ṯūḇ)
Preposition-k, Article | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3789: To grave, to write

But
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

Hezekiah
יְחִזְקִיָּ֤הוּ (yə·ḥiz·qî·yā·hū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2396: Hezekiah -- 'Yah has strengthened', a king of Judah, also several other Israelites

interceded
הִתְפַּלֵּ֨ל (hiṯ·pal·lêl)
Verb - Hitpael - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6419: To judge, to intercede, pray

for them,
עֲלֵיהֶם֙ (‘ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

saying,
לֵאמֹ֔ר (lê·mōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

?May the LORD,
יְהוָ֥ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

who is good,
הַטּ֖וֹב (haṭ·ṭō·wḇ)
Article | Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2896: Pleasant, agreeable, good

provide atonement for
יְכַפֵּ֥ר (yə·ḵap·pêr)
Verb - Piel - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3722: To cover, to expiate, condone, to placate, cancel

everyone
בְּעַֽד׃ (bə·‘aḏ)
Preposition
Strong's Hebrew 1157: In up to, over against, at, beside, among, behind, for
(18) A multitude.--Marbith (2chron 96; 1Chronicles 12:29). Only in the Chronicles in this sense. Else where the term means "increase" of children (1Samuel 2:33), or of money, i.e., interest (?????, Leviticus 25:37).

Ephraim . . . Zebulun.--The names indicate a documental source.

Had not cleansed themselves.--As was natural in the case of persons who had long been estranged from the legal religion of Jehovah (hitteh?r-, pausal form of hitt?ha?r-, Ezra 6:20, occurs here only).

Yet did they eat . . . written.--But ate the Passover in non-accordance with the Scripture--i.e., in illegal fashion, being themselves unclean. (Comp. Numbers 9:6, seq., according to which unclean persons 'were bound to abstain from eating the Passover until the fourteenth of the second month.)

But Hezekiah prayed.--For Hezekiah had prayed for them, and therefore their irregularity was condoned,

The good Lord.--Jehovah the good; so only here. (Comp. Psalm 25:8.)

Good--i.e., kind, generous; benignus, benevolus.

Pardon every one.--Properly, make atonement on behalf of every one (kipper b? 'ad): Leviticus 16:6; Leviticus 16:11. In the sense of forgive the construction is different: Psalm 65:4; Ezekiel 16:63.

Verse 18. - So also the original Law of Moses prescribed that the uncleansed must not eat the Passover (Numbers 9:6). 30:13-20 The great thing needful in attendance upon God in solemn ordinances, is, that we make heart-work of it; all is nothing without this. Where this sincerity and fixedness of heart are, there may yet be many things short of the purification of the sanctuary. These defects need pardoning, healing grace; for omissions in duty are sins, as well as omissions of duty. If God should deal with us in strict justice, even as to the very best of our doings, we should be undone. The way to obtain pardon, is to seek it of God by prayer; it must be gotten by petition through the blood of Christ. Yet every defect is sin, and needs forgiveness; and should be matter to humble, but not to discourage us, though nothing can make up for the want of a heart prepared to seek the Lord.
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Alphabetical: a Although and ate But came contrary Ephraim even everyone for from good had Hezekiah is Issachar LORD Manasseh many May most multitude not of otherwise pardon Passover people prayed prescribed purified saying than the them themselves they to was what who written yet Zebulun

OT History: 2 Chronicles 30:18 For a multitude of the people even (2 Chron. 2Ch iiCh ii ch 2 chr 2chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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