Exodus 12:43
New International Version
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the regulations for the Passover meal: “No foreigner may eat it.

New Living Translation
Then the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “These are the instructions for the festival of Passover. No outsiders are allowed to eat the Passover meal.

English Standard Version
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner shall eat of it,

Berean Study Bible
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it.

King James Bible
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

New King James Version
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: No foreigner shall eat it.

New American Standard Bible
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat it;

NASB 1995
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it;

NASB 1977
And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat of it;

Amplified Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the ordinance of the Passover: no foreigner is to eat it;

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner may eat it.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: no foreigner may eat it.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no foreigner eat thereof;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And LORD JEHOVAH said to Moshe and Ahron: “This is the law of Passover: ‘No son of a foreigner will eat of it:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron, This is the law of the passover: no stranger shall eat of it.

Contemporary English Version
The LORD gave Moses and Aaron the following instructions for celebrating Passover: Only Israelites may eat the Passover meal.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord said to Moses and Aaron: This is the service of the Phase: No foreigner shall eat of it.

English Revised Version
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no alien eat thereof:

Good News Translation
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the Passover regulations: No foreigner shall eat the Passover meal,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "These are the rules for the Passover: "No foreigner may eat the Passover meal.

International Standard Version
The LORD told Moses and Aaron, "These are the regulations for the Passover: No foreigner is to eat it,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron: 'This is the ordinance of the passover: there shall no alien eat thereof;

Literal Standard Version
And YHWH says to Moses and Aaron, “This [is] a statute of the Passover; any son of a stranger does not eat of it;

NET Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner may share in eating it.

New Heart English Bible
The LORD said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. There shall no foreigner eat of it,

World English Bible
Yahweh said to Moses and Aaron, "This is the ordinance of the Passover. No foreigner shall eat of it,

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah saith unto Moses and Aaron, 'This is a statute of the passover; Any son of a stranger doth not eat of it;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Instructions for the Passover
43And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, “This is the statute of the Passover: No foreigner is to eat of it. 44But any slave who has been purchased may eat of it, after you have circumcised him.…

Cross References
Exodus 12:11
This is how you are to eat it: You must be fully dressed for travel, with your sandals on your feet and your staff in your hand. You are to eat in haste; it is the LORD's Passover.

Exodus 12:48
If a foreigner resides with you and wants to celebrate the LORD's Passover, all the males in the household must be circumcised; then he may come near to celebrate it, and he shall be like a native of the land. But no uncircumcised man may eat of it.

Numbers 9:14
If a foreigner dwelling among you wants to observe the Passover to the LORD, he is to do so according to the Passover statute and its ordinances. You are to apply the same statute to both the foreigner and the native of the land.'"

1 Samuel 2:27
Then a man of God came to Eli and told him, "This is what the LORD says: 'Did I not clearly reveal Myself to your father's house when they were in Egypt under Pharaoh's house?

2 Chronicles 30:18
A large number of the people--many from Ephraim, Manasseh, Issachar, and Zebulun--had not purified themselves, yet they ate the Passover, contrary to what was written. But Hezekiah interceded for them, saying, "May the LORD, who is good, provide atonement for everyone

Ezekiel 44:7
In addition to all your other abominations, you brought in foreigners uncircumcised in both heart and flesh to occupy My sanctuary; you defiled My temple when you offered My food--the fat and the blood; you broke My covenant.


Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD said to Moses and Aaron, This is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof:

there shall

Exodus 12:48
And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof.

Leviticus 22:10
There shall no stranger eat of the holy thing: a sojourner of the priest, or an hired servant, shall not eat of the holy thing.

Numbers 9:14
And if a stranger shall sojourn among you, and will keep the passover unto the LORD; according to the ordinance of the passover, and according to the manner thereof, so shall he do: ye shall have one ordinance, both for the stranger, and for him that was born in the land.









FURTHER DIRECTIONS RESPECTING THE PASSOVER.

(43-51) This is the ordinance.--These directions, together with those which follow with respect to the sanctification of the firstborn (Exodus 13:1-16), seem to have been given to Moses at Succoth, and were consequently recorded at this point of the narrative. They comprise three principal points:--(1) The exclusion of all uncircumcised persons from the Passover (Exodus 12:43); (2) the admission of all full proselytes (Exodus 12:48-49); and (3) the injunction that no bone of the lamb should be broken (Exodus 12:46).

(43) No stranger.--Comp, Exodus 12:48 for limitations. If a stranger wished to join, and would accept circumcision for himself and the males of his family, he might partake in the rite. . . .

Verses 43-51. - SUPPLEMENTARY ORDINANCE WITH RESPECT TO THE PASSOVER. The position of these verses is curious. We should have expected them to have followed immediately on ver. 20, or else to have been reserved for the further consideration of the subject in ch. 23. It is suggested, in order to account for their place, that they formed the matter of a special revelation made to Moses at Succoth. They comprise three main points: -

1. The absolute exclusion of all uncircumcised persons from participation in the passover rite;

2. The extension of the rite (implied in ver. 19) to all full proselytes; and,

3. The injunction that not a bone of the lamb should be broken. (This last is repeated in Numbers 9:12) Verses 43. - This is the ordinance of the passover - i.e., "This is the law, in respect of the persons who are to partake of it" - there shall no stranger eat thereof, or literally, "No son of a stranger shall eat thereof." By a "stranger" here is meant one of a foreign race who wishes to retain his foreign character and to remain uncircumcised. Compare ver. 48.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And the LORD
יְהוָה֙ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

said
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Moses
מֹשֶׁ֣ה (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

and Aaron,
וְאַהֲרֹ֔ן (wə·’a·hă·rōn)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 175: Aaron -- an elder brother of Moses

“This
זֹ֖את (zōṯ)
Pronoun - feminine singular
Strong's 2063: Hereby in it, likewise, the one other, same, she, so much, such deed, that,

is the ordinance
חֻקַּ֣ת (ḥuq·qaṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 2708: Something prescribed, an enactment, statute

of the Passover:
הַפָּ֑סַח (hap·pā·saḥ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 6453: A pretermission, exemption, Passover

No
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

foreigner
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

is to eat
יֹ֥אכַל (yō·ḵal)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 398: To eat

of it.
בּֽוֹ׃ (bōw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew


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