Jeremiah 2:3
New International Version
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of his harvest; all who devoured her were held guilty, and disaster overtook them,'" declares the LORD.

New Living Translation
In those days Israel was holy to the LORD, the first of his children. All who harmed his people were declared guilty, and disaster fell on them. I, the LORD, have spoken!"

English Standard Version
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of his harvest. All who ate of it incurred guilt; disaster came upon them, declares the LORD.”

Berean Study Bible
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of His harvest. All who devoured her found themselves guilty; disaster came upon them, declares the LORD.”

New American Standard Bible
"Israel was holy to the LORD, The first of His harvest. All who ate of it became guilty; Evil came upon them," declares the LORD.'"

King James Bible
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of his harvest. All who ate of it found themselves guilty; disaster came on them." This is the LORD's declaration.

Contemporary English Version
You belonged to me alone, like the first part of the harvest, and I severely punished those who mistreated you.

Good News Translation
Israel, you belonged to me alone; you were my sacred possession. I sent suffering and disaster on everyone who hurt you. I, the LORD, have spoken."

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of His harvest. All who ate of it found themselves guilty; disaster came on them." This is the LORD's declaration.

International Standard Version
Israel was consecrated to the LORD, she was the first fruits of his produce. All who devoured her became guilty and disaster came on them," declares the LORD.'"

NET Bible
Israel was set apart to the LORD; they were like the first fruits of a harvest to him. All who tried to devour them were punished; disaster came upon them," says the LORD.'"

New Heart English Bible
Israel was holiness to the LORD, the first fruits of his increase. All who devour him shall be held guilty. Evil shall come on them,"' says the LORD."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Israel was set apart for the LORD. It was the best part of the harvest. All who devoured it became guilty, and disaster struck them,' " declares the LORD.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Israel is the LORD'S hallowed portion, His first-fruits of the increase; All that devour him shall be held guilty, Evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

New American Standard 1977
“Israel was holy to the LORD, The first of His harvest; All who ate of it became guilty; Evil came upon them,” declares the LORD.’”

Jubilee Bible 2000
Israel was holiness unto the LORD and the firstfruits of his increase; all that devour him shall be found guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

King James 2000 Bible
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, says the LORD.

American King James Version
Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come on them, said the LORD.

American Standard Version
Israel was holiness unto Jehovah, the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall be held guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith Jehovah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Israel is holy to the Lord, the first fruits of his increase: all they that devour him offend: evils shall come upon them, saith the Lord.

Darby Bible Translation
Israel was holiness unto Jehovah, the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him are guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith Jehovah.

English Revised Version
Israel was holiness unto the LORD, the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall be held guilty; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

Webster's Bible Translation
Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first-fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD.

World English Bible
Israel [was] holiness to Yahweh, the first fruits of his increase. All who devour him shall be held guilty. Evil shall come on them,"' says Yahweh."

Young's Literal Translation
Holy is Israel to Jehovah, The first-fruit of His increase, All consuming him are guilty, Evil cometh in unto them, an affirmation of Jehovah.
Study Bible HEB ▾ 
Israel has Forsaken God
2“Go and proclaim in the hearing of Jerusalem that this is what the LORD says: I remember the devotion of your youth, your love as a bride, how you followed Me in the wilderness, in a land not sown. 3Israel was holy to the LORD, the firstfruits of His harvest. All who devoured her found themselves guilty; disaster came upon them, declares the LORD.” 4Hear the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all you families of the house of Israel.…
Cross References
James 1:18
He chose to give us birth through the word of truth, that we would be a kind of firstfruits of His creation.

Revelation 14:4
These are the ones who have not been defiled with women, for they are virgins. They follow the Lamb wherever He goes. They have been redeemed from among men as firstfruits to God and to the Lamb.

Exodus 19:5
Now if you will indeed obey My voice and keep My covenant, you will be My treasured possession out of all the nations--for the whole earth is Mine.

Exodus 19:6
And unto Me you shall be a kingdom of priests and a holy nation.' These are the words that you are to speak to the Israelites."

Deuteronomy 7:6
For you are a people holy unto the LORD your God. The LORD your God has chosen you to be as a people for His prized possession, above all peoples on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 14:2
for you are a holy people belonging to the LORD your God. The LORD has chosen you to be His prized possession out of all the peoples on the face of the earth.

Deuteronomy 26:19
and that He will set you high in praise and name and honor above all the nations He has made, and that you will be a holy people to the LORD your God as He promised.

Isaiah 41:11
Behold, all who rage against you will be ashamed and disgraced; those who contend with you will be reduced to nothing and will perish.

Jeremiah 2:4
Hear the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all you families of the house of Israel.

Jeremiah 12:14
This is what the LORD says: "As for all My evil neighbors who attack the inheritance that I bequeathed to My people Israel, I am about to uproot them from their land, and I will uproot the house of Judah from among them.

Jeremiah 30:16
Nevertheless, all who devour you will be devoured, and all your adversaries--every one of them--will go off into exile. Those who plundered you will be plundered, and all who raided you will be raided.

Jeremiah 50:7
All who found them devoured them, and their enemies said, 'We are not guilty, for they have sinned against the LORD, the habitation of righteousness, the LORD, the hope of their fathers.'

Habakkuk 1:11
Then they sweep by like the wind and pass on through. They are guilty; their own strength is their god.

Treasury of Scripture

Israel was holiness to the LORD, and the first fruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come on them, said the LORD.

holiness

Exodus 19:5,6 Now therefore, if you will obey my voice indeed, and keep my covenant, …

Deuteronomy 7:6 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God: the LORD your God …

Deuteronomy 14:2 For you are an holy people to the LORD your God, and the LORD has …

Deuteronomy 26:19 And to make you high above all nations which he has made, in praise, …

Zechariah 14:20,21 In that day shall there be on the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD…

Ephesians 1:4 According as he has chosen us in him before the foundation of the …

1 Peter 2:9 But you are a chosen generation, a royal priesthood, an holy nation, …

the first-fruits

Exodus 22:29 You shall not delay to offer the first of your ripe fruits, and of …

Exodus 23:16 And the feast of harvest, the first fruits of your labors, which …

Numbers 18:12 All the best of the oil, and all the best of the wine, and of the …

Amos 6:1 Woe to them that are at ease in Zion, and trust in the mountain of …

Romans 11:16 For if the first fruit be holy, the lump is also holy: and if the …

Romans 16:5 Likewise greet the church that is in their house. Salute my well-beloved …

James 1:18 Of his own will begat he us with the word of truth, that we should …

Revelation 14:4 These are they which were not defiled with women; for they are virgins. …

all that

Jeremiah 12:14 Thus said the LORD against all my evil neighbors, that touch the …

Jeremiah 50:7 All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said, …

Exodus 4:22,23 And you shall say to Pharaoh, Thus said the LORD, Israel is my son, …

Psalm 81:14,15 I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned my hand against …

Psalm 105:14,15,25-36 He suffered no man to do them wrong: yes, he reproved kings for their sakes…

Isaiah 41:11 Behold, all they that were incensed against you shall be ashamed …

Isaiah 47:6 I was wroth with my people, I have polluted my inheritance, and given …

Joel 1:3,7,8 Tell you your children of it, and let your children tell their children, …

Zechariah 1:15 And I am very sore displeased with the heathen that are at ease: …

Zechariah 2:8 For thus said the LORD of hosts; After the glory has he sent me to …

Zechariah 12:2-5 Behold, I will make Jerusalem a cup of trembling to all the people …

Acts 9:4,5 And he fell to the earth, and heard a voice saying to him, Saul, …







Lexicon
Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵל֙ (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

was holy
קֹ֤דֶשׁ (qō·ḏeš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6944: A sacred place, thing, sanctity

to the LORD,
לַיהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

the firstfruits
רֵאשִׁ֖ית (rê·šîṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 7225: The first, in place, time, order, rank

of His harvest.
תְּבוּאָתֹ֑ה‪‬ (tə·ḇū·’ā·ṯōh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8393: Product, revenue

All
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who devoured her
אֹכְלָ֣יו (’ō·ḵə·lāw)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 398: To eat

found themselves guilty;
יֶאְשָׁ֔מוּ (ye’·šā·mū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 816: To be guilty, to be punished, perish

disaster
רָעָ֛ה (rā·‘āh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7451: Bad, evil

came
תָּבֹ֥א (tā·ḇō)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

upon them,
אֲלֵיהֶ֖ם (’ă·lê·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 413: Near, with, among, to

declares
נְאֻם־ (nə·’um-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 5002: An oracle

the LORD.”
יְהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel
(3) Holiness unto the Lord.--The thought was that expressed in the inscription on the gold plate worn on the high priest's forehead (Exodus 28:36), and in the term "holy thing" (Leviticus 22:10; Matthew 7:6), applied to the consecrated gifts which were the portion of the priests. The prophet was taught that Israel, as a nation, had a priestly character, and was consecrated to the Lord as the "firstfruits" of the great harvest of the world. Compare the use of the same figure in James 1:18; Romans 11:16.

All that devour him shall offend.--The imagery of the firstfruits is continued. The Hebrew for the word "offend" is used for transgressions against the ceremonial law in Leviticus 5:5; Leviticus 5:19; Numbers 5:7. Here, however, it is probably better rendered, shall be condemned, or shall be made to suffer, as in Psalm 34:21-22, where the Authorised version has "shall be desolate." Those who devour Israel--the enemies and invaders, the tyrants and oppressors--are guilty as of a sacrilege that will not remain unpunished.

Verse 3. - Israel was holiness, etc. Israel was a consecrated people (comp. Exodus 19:5, 6; Deuteronomy 7:6; Deuteronomy 14:2; Deuteronomy 26:19). Isaiah, fond as he is of the phrase "Israel's Holy One," does not expressly enforce the correlative truth, as Jeremiah does here. The first-fruits of his increase; rather, his firstfruits of increase. Israel is compared to the firstfruits (reshith) of the land, which were devoted to the house of the Lord (Exodus 23:19; Numbers 18:12, 13). So in Amos 6:1, the title given him is "the chief [margin, 'firstfruits'] of the nations" (in Jeremiah 31:7, a synonymous and cognate word, rosh, takes the place of reshith for "chief"). All that devour him shall offend; rather, all that ate him incurred guilt, or became guilty of a trespass. Foreigners were forbidden to eat of consecrated things; by breaking this law they became guilty of a "trespass," having invaded the rights of Jehovah (Leviticus 22:10, 15, 16). The word for "trespass" is the same as that rendered "guilt." 2:1-8 Those who begin well, but do not persevere, will justly be upbraided with their hopeful and promising beginnings. Those who desert religion, commonly oppose it more than those who never knew it. For this they could have no excuse. God's spiritual Israel must own their obligations to him for safe conduct through the wilderness of this world, so dangerous to the soul. Alas, that many, who once appeared devoted to the Lord, so live that their professions aggravate their crimes! Let us be careful that we do not lose in zeal and fervency, as we gain knowledge.
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