Judges 17:5
New International Version
Now this man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and some household gods and installed one of his sons as his priest.

New Living Translation
Micah set up a shrine for the idol, and he made a sacred ephod and some household idols. Then he installed one of his sons as his personal priest.

English Standard Version
And the man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and household gods, and ordained one of his sons, who became his priest.

Berean Study Bible
Now this man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and some household idols, and ordained one of his sons as his priest.

King James Bible
And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

New King James Version
The man Micah had a shrine, and made an ephod and household idols; and he consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

New American Standard Bible
And the man Micah had a shrine and he made an ephod and household idols, and consecrated one of his sons, so that he might become his priest.

NASB 1995
And the man Micah had a shrine and he made an ephod and household idols and consecrated one of his sons, that he might become his priest.

NASB 1977
And the man Micah had a shrine and he made an ephod and household idols and consecrated one of his sons, that he might become his priest.

Amplified Bible
Now the man Micah had a house of gods (shrine), and he made an ephod and teraphim and dedicated and installed one of his sons, who became his [personal] priest.

Christian Standard Bible
This man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and household idols, and installed one of his sons to be his priest.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and household idols, and installed one of his sons to be his priest.

American Standard Version
And the man Micah had a house of gods, and he made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the man Mikah had a house of gods, and he made an ephod and a breastplate, and he consecrated the hand of one of his sons, and he was a Priest to him

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the house of Michaias was to him the house of God, and he made an ephod and theraphin, and he consecrated one of his sons, and he became to him a priest.

Contemporary English Version
He had a shrine for worshiping God there at his home, and he had made some idols and a sacred priestly vest. Micah chose one of his own sons to be the priest for his shrine.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he separated also therein a little temple for the god, and made an ephod, and theraphim, that is to say, a priestly garment, and idols: and he filled the hand of one of his sons, and he became his priest.

Good News Translation
This man Micah had his own place of worship. He made some idols and an ephod, and appointed one of his sons as his priest.

International Standard Version
This man Micah had his own shrine, had crafted his own ephod and some household idols, and had installed one of his sons as a priest.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the man Micah had a house of God, and he made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

Literal Standard Version
As for the man Micah, he has a house of gods, and he makes an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrates the hand of one of his sons, and he is for a priest to him;

New American Bible
The man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and teraphim, and installed one of his sons, who became his priest.

NET Bible
Now this man Micah owned a shrine. He made an ephod and some personal idols and hired one of his sons to serve as a priest.

New Revised Standard Version
This man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and teraphim, and installed one of his sons, who became his priest.

New Heart English Bible
The man Micah had a house of God, and he made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

World English Bible
The man Micah had a house of gods, and he made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

Young's Literal Translation
As to the man Micah, he hath a house of gods, and he maketh an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrateth the hand of one of his sons, and he is to him for a priest;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Micah's Idolatry
4So he returned the silver to his mother, and she took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to a silversmith, who made them into a graven image and a molten idol. And they were placed in the house of Micah. 5Now this man Micah had a shrine, and he made an ephod and some household idols, and ordained one of his sons as his priest. 6In those days there was no king in Israel; everyone did what was right in his own eyes.…

Cross References
Genesis 31:19
Now while Laban was out shearing his sheep, Rachel stole her father's household idols.

Numbers 3:10
So you shall appoint Aaron and his sons to carry out the duties of the priesthood; but any outsider who approaches the tabernacle must be put to death."

Judges 8:27
From all this Gideon made an ephod, which he placed in Ophrah, his hometown. But soon all Israel prostituted themselves by worshiping it there, and it became a snare to Gideon and his household.

Judges 17:4
So he returned the silver to his mother, and she took two hundred shekels of silver and gave them to a silversmith, who made them into a graven image and a molten idol. And they were placed in the house of Micah.

Judges 18:14
Then the five men who had gone to spy out the land of Laish said to their brothers, "Did you know that one of these houses has an ephod, household gods, a graven image, and a molten idol? Now think about what you should do."

Judges 18:24
He replied, "You took the gods I had made, and my priest, and went away. What else do I have? How can you say to me, 'What is the matter with you?'"

Judges 18:30
The Danites set up idols for themselves, and Jonathan son of Gershom, the son of Moses, and his sons were priests for the tribe of Dan until the day of the captivity of the land.


Treasury of Scripture

And the man Micah had an house of gods, and made an ephod, and teraphim, and consecrated one of his sons, who became his priest.

Judges 18:24
And he said, Ye have taken away my gods which I made, and the priest, and ye are gone away: and what have I more? and what is this that ye say unto me, What aileth thee?

Genesis 31:30
And now, though thou wouldest needs be gone, because thou sore longedst after thy father's house, yet wherefore hast thou stolen my gods?

Ezra 1:7
Also Cyrus the king brought forth the vessels of the house of the LORD, which Nebuchadnezzar had brought forth out of Jerusalem, and had put them in the house of his gods;

ephod

Judges 8:27
And Gideon made an ephod thereof, and put it in his city, even in Ophrah: and all Israel went thither a whoring after it: which thing became a snare unto Gideon, and to his house.

Judges 18:14
Then answered the five men that went to spy out the country of Laish, and said unto their brethren, Do ye know that there is in these houses an ephod, and teraphim, and a graven image, and a molten image? now therefore consider what ye have to do.

Exodus 28:4,15
And these are the garments which they shall make; a breastplate, and an ephod, and a robe, and a broidered coat, a mitre, and a girdle: and they shall make holy garments for Aaron thy brother, and his sons, that he may minister unto me in the priest's office…

teraphim

Genesis 31:19,30
And Laban went to shear his sheep: and Rachel had stolen the images that were her father's…

Hosea 3:4
For the children of Israel shall abide many days without a king, and without a prince, and without a sacrifice, and without an image, and without an ephod, and without teraphim:

consecrated.

Exodus 29:9
And thou shalt gird them with girdles, Aaron and his sons, and put the bonnets on them: and the priest's office shall be theirs for a perpetual statute: and thou shalt consecrate Aaron and his sons.

1 Kings 12:31
And he made an house of high places, and made priests of the lowest of the people, which were not of the sons of Levi.

1 Kings 13:33,34
After this thing Jeroboam returned not from his evil way, but made again of the lowest of the people priests of the high places: whosoever would, he consecrated him, and he became one of the priests of the high places…

his sons

Exodus 24:5
And he sent young men of the children of Israel, which offered burnt offerings, and sacrificed peace offerings of oxen unto the LORD.











(5) Had an house of gods.--The Hebrew is Beth Elohim, which may mean equally well "a house of God" (Vulg., ?diculam Deo, and so too the LXX.). It is quite clear that Micah did not abandon the worship of God under the names of Jehovah and Elohim, by which He was known to the Israelites. How he coordinated this worship with his grossly idolatrous symbols, or whom those symbols were intended to represent, it is impossible to say. The fact remains that in the Beth-Micah we find "a house of gods"--"whole chapel of idols"--consecrated to Jehovah as a pious act (Judges 17:2; Judges 17:5; Judges 17:13; Judges 18:6).

An ephod.--No doubt the ephod was nothing more than a gorgeous priestly garment, though possibly it may have been used for oracular purposes. (See Judges 8:27.) . . .

Verse 5. - And the man Micah, etc. It is impossible to say for certain whether the state of things here described in respect of Micah preceded the events narrated in the preceding verses, or was consequent upon them. If it preceded, then we have the reason of his mother's vow: she wished to make her son's "house of God" complete by the addition of a graven and molten image. If it was consequent upon his mother's vow, then we have in the opening verses of this chapter a history of the circumstances of the foundation of Micah's "house of God," which was to play an important part in the colony of Danites, whose proceedings arc related in the following chapter, and for the sake of which this domestic history of Micah is introduced. House of gods. Rather, of God (Elohim); for the worship was of Jehovah, only with a corrupt and semi-idolatrous ceremonial. An ephod. See Judges 8:26, 27, note. Teraphim. See Genesis 31:19 (images, A.V.; teraphim, Hebrews); 1 Samuel 15:23 (idolatry, A.V.; teraphim, Hebrews); 19:13 (an image, A.V.; teraphim, Hebrews); Hosea 3:4,to etc. They seem to have been a kind of Penates, or household gods, and were used for divination (Ezekiel 21:21; Zechariah 10:2). Became his priest. One function of the priest, and for which it is likely he was much resorted to, was to inquire of God by the ephod (Judges 18:5, 6). What his other duties might be does not appear.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now this man
וְהָאִ֣ישׁ (wə·hā·’îš)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

Micah
מִיכָ֔ה (mî·ḵāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4318: Micah -- the name of several Israelites

had a shrine,
בֵּ֣ית (bêṯ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1004: A house

and he made
וַיַּ֤עַשׂ (way·ya·‘aś)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

an ephod
אֵפוֹד֙ (’ê·p̄ō·wḏ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 646: A girdle, the ephod, highpriest's shoulder-piece, an image

and some household idols,
וּתְרָפִ֔ים (ū·ṯə·rā·p̄îm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 8655: (a kind of idol) perhaps household idol

and installed
וַיְמַלֵּ֗א (way·mal·lê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 4390: To fill, be full of

one
אַחַד֙ (’a·ḥaḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

of his sons
מִבָּנָ֔יו (mib·bā·nāw)
Preposition-m | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

to be
וַיְהִי־ (way·hî-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

his priest.
לְכֹהֵֽן׃ (lə·ḵō·hên)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3548: Priest


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OT History: Judges 17:5 The man Micah had a house (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 17:4
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