Psalm 17:3
New International Version
Though you probe my heart, though you examine me at night and test me, you will find that I have planned no evil; my mouth has not transgressed.

New Living Translation
You have tested my thoughts and examined my heart in the night. You have scrutinized me and found nothing wrong. I am determined not to sin in what I say.

English Standard Version
You have tried my heart, you have visited me by night, you have tested me, and you will find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

Berean Study Bible
You have tried my heart; You have visited me in the night. You have tested me and found no evil; I have resolved not to sin with my mouth.

New American Standard Bible
You have tried my heart; You have visited me by night; You have tested me and You find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

New King James Version
You have tested my heart; You have visited me in the night; You have tried me and have found nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

King James Bible
Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

Christian Standard Bible
You have tested my heart; you have examined me at night. You have tried me and found nothing evil; I have determined that my mouth will not sin.

Contemporary English Version
You know my heart, and even during the night you have tested me and found me innocent. I have made up my mind never to tell a lie.

Good News Translation
You know my heart. You have come to me at night; you have examined me completely and found no evil desire in me. I speak no evil,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You have tested my heart; You have examined me at night. You have tried me and found nothing evil; I have determined that my mouth will not sin.

International Standard Version
When you probe my heart, and examine me at night; when you refine me, you will find nothing wrong, for I have determined that I will not transgress with my mouth.

NET Bible
You have scrutinized my inner motives; you have examined me during the night. You have carefully evaluated me, but you find no sin. I am determined I will say nothing sinful.

New Heart English Bible
You have proved my heart. You have visited me in the night. You have tried me, and found nothing. I have resolved that my mouth shall not disobey.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You have proven my heart and you visited me in the night and you have tested me and have not found evil in me and the works of the children of men have not passed my lips.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You have probed my heart. You have confronted me at night. You have tested me like silver, but you found nothing wrong. I have determined that my mouth will not sin.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou hast tried my heart, Thou hast visited it in the night; Thou hast tested me, and Thou findest not That I had a thought which should not pass my mouth.

New American Standard 1977
Thou hast tried my heart; Thou hast visited me by night; Thou hast tested me and dost find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth will not transgress.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Thou hast proved my heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast refined me and hast found no iniquity; that which I thought did not pass through my mouth.

King James 2000 Bible
You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tested me, and shall find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

American King James Version
You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

American Standard Version
Thou hast proved my heart; thou hast visited me in the night; Thou hast tried me, and findest nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou has proved mine heart; thou hast visited me by night; thou hast tried me as with fire, and unrighteousness has not been found in me: I am purposed that my mouth shall not speak amiss.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou hast proved my heart, and visited it by night, thou hast tried me by fire: and iniquity hath not been found in me.

Darby Bible Translation
Thou hast proved my heart, thou hast visited me by night; thou hast tried me, thou hast found nothing: my thought goeth not beyond my word.

English Revised Version
Thou hast proved mine heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and findest nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

Webster's Bible Translation
Thou hast proved my heart; thou hast visited me in the night; thou hast tried me, and shalt find nothing; I have purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

World English Bible
You have proved my heart. You have visited me in the night. You have tried me, and found nothing. I have resolved that my mouth shall not disobey.

Young's Literal Translation
Thou hast proved my heart, Thou hast inspected by night, Thou hast tried me, Thou findest nothing; My thoughts pass not over my mouth.
Study Bible
Hear My Righteous Plea
2May my vindication come from Your presence; may Your eyes see what is right. 3You have tried my heart; You have visited me in the night. You have tested me and found no evil; I have resolved not to sin with my mouth. 4As for the deeds of men—by the word of Your lips I have avoided the ways of the violent.…
Cross References
1 Peter 1:7
so that the authenticity of your faith--more precious than gold, which perishes even though refined by fire--may result in praise, glory, and honor at the revelation of Jesus Christ.

Job 23:10
Yet He knows the way I have taken; when He has tested me, I will come forth as gold.

Psalm 26:1
Vindicate me, O LORD! For I have walked with integrity; I have trusted in the LORD without wavering.

Psalm 26:2
Test me, O LORD, and try me; examine my heart and mind.

Psalm 39:1
I said, "I will watch my ways so that I will not sin with my tongue; I will guard my mouth with a muzzle as long as the wicked are present."

Psalm 66:10
For You, O God, have tested us; You have refined us like silver.

Psalm 139:1
O LORD, You have searched me and known me.

Jeremiah 20:12
O LORD of Hosts, who examines the righteous, who sees the heart and mind, let me see Your vengeance upon them, for to You I have committed my cause.

Jeremiah 50:20
In those days and at that time, declares the LORD, a search will transpire for Israel's guilt, but there will be none, and for Judah's sins, but they will not be found; for I will forgive the remnant I spare."

Zechariah 13:9
This third I will bring through the fire; I will refine them like silver and test them like gold. They will call on My name, and I will answer them. I will say, 'They are My people,' and they will say, 'The LORD is our God.'"

Treasury of Scripture

You have proved my heart; you have visited me in the night; you have tried me, and shall find nothing; I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress.

proved

Psalm 11:5
The LORD trieth the righteous: but the wicked and him that loveth violence his soul hateth.

Psalm 26:2
Examine me, O LORD, and prove me; try my reins and my heart.

Psalm 66:10
For thou, O God, hast proved us: thou hast tried us, as silver is tried.

thou hast

Psalm 16:7
I will bless the LORD, who hath given me counsel: my reins also instruct me in the night seasons.

Job 24:14
The murderer rising with the light killeth the poor and needy, and in the night is as a thief.

Hosea 7:6
For they have made ready their heart like an oven, whiles they lie in wait: their baker sleepeth all the night; in the morning it burneth as a flaming fire.

shalt

Psalm 7:4
If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)

Psalm 44:17-21
All this is come upon us; yet have we not forgotten thee, neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant…

1 Samuel 24:10,12
Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD'S anointed…

I am

Psalm 39:1
To the chief Musician, even to Jeduthun, A Psalm of David. I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a bridle, while the wicked is before me.

Psalm 119:106
I have sworn, and I will perform it, that I will keep thy righteous judgments.

Proverbs 13:3
He that keepeth his mouth keepeth his life: but he that openeth wide his lips shall have destruction.







Lexicon
You have tried
בָּ֘חַ֤נְתָּ (bā·ḥan·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 974: To test, to investigate

my heart;
לִבִּ֨י ׀ (lib·bî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 3820: The heart, the feelings, the will, the intellect, centre

You have visited
פָּ֘קַ֤דְתָּ (pā·qaḏ·tā)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6485: To visit, to oversee, muster, charge, care for, miss, deposit

[me] in the night.
לַּ֗יְלָה (lay·lāh)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3915: A twist, night, adversity

You have tested me
צְרַפְתַּ֥נִי (ṣə·rap̄·ta·nî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - second person masculine singular | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6884: To smelt, refine, test

and found
תִּמְצָ֑א (tim·ṣā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present

no [evil];
בַל־ (ḇal-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 1077: A failure, nothing, not at all, lest

I have resolved
זַ֝מֹּתִ֗י (zam·mō·ṯî)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 2161: To consider, purpose, devise

not
בַּל־ (bal-)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 1077: A failure, nothing, not at all, lest

to sin
יַעֲבָר־ (ya·‘ă·ḇār-)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

with my mouth.
פִּֽי׃ (pî)
Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6310: The mouth, edge, portion, side, according to
(3) In the night (as Psalm 16:7).--The time of calm reflection and self-examination. Some, however, taking this verse in connection with Psalm 17:15, think the poem was composed at night.

I am purposed.--The Hebrew word presents a difficulty. It is better to take it as a noun--counsels, and here, as generally, evil counsels--and join it to the preceding, not (as in the Authorised Version) the following words.

"Thou hast proved my heart,

Thou hast visited me in the night,

Thou hast found no malice in me,

My mouth doth not transgress, or

It (malice) doth not pass my mouth."

"I offend"--that is, "neither in thought nor word." The LXX., Vulg., Syr., Chald., and Arab. versions support this arrangement.

Verse 3. - Thou hast proved mine heart (comp. Psalm 26:2; Psalm 66:9; Psalm 95:9; Psalm 139:23). "Proved" means "tried," "tested," examined strictly, so as to know whether there was any wickedness in it or not. Thou hast visited me in the night. The night is the time when men can least escape those searching, testing thoughts which God's providence then especially sends, to "try the very heart and reins" (Psalm 7:9). Thou hast tried me., and shalt find nothing; rather, and findest nothing. The process was one begun in the past, and continuing on in the present. God was ever searching David and trying him; but "found nothing," i.e. no alloy, no base rectal, no serious flaw in his character; not that he was sinless, but that he 'was sincere and earnest - a true worshipper of God, not a hypocrite. I am purposed that my mouth shall not transgress. "If any man offend not in word, the same is a perfect man" (James 3:2). David's resolution to "keep the door of his lips" would have a chastening influence over both his thoughts and acts. 17:1-7 This psalm is a prayer. Feigned prayers are fruitless; but if our hearts lead our prayers, God will meet them with his favour. The psalmist had been used to pray, so that it was not his distress and danger that now first brought him to his duty. And he was encouraged by his faith to expect God would notice his prayers. Constant resolution and watchfulness against sins of the tongue, will be a good evidence of our integrity. Aware of man's propensity to wicked works, and of his own peculiar temptations, David had made God's word his preservative from the paths of Satan, which lead to destruction. If we carefully avoid the paths of sin, it will be very lead to destruction. If we carefully avoid the paths of sin, it will be very comfortable in the reflection, when we are in trouble. Those that are, through grace, going in God's paths, should pray that their goings may be held up in those paths. David prays, Lord, still hold me up. Those who would proceed and persevere in the ways of God, must, by faith prayer, get daily fresh supplies of grace and strength from him. Show thy marvellous loving-kindness, distinguishing favours, not common mercies, but be gracious to me; do as thou usest to do to those who love thy name.
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