Psalm 69:21
New International Version
They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst.

New Living Translation
But instead, they give me poison for food; they offer me sour wine for my thirst.

English Standard Version
They gave me poison for food, and for my thirst they gave me sour wine to drink.

Berean Study Bible
They poisoned my food with gall and gave me vinegar to quench my thirst.

New American Standard Bible
They also gave me gall for my food And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

New King James Version
They also gave me gall for my food, And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

King James Bible
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Christian Standard Bible
Instead, they gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Contemporary English Version
Enemies poisoned my food, and when I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar.

Good News Translation
When I was hungry, they gave me poison; when I was thirsty, they offered me vinegar.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Instead, they gave me gall for my food, and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

International Standard Version
They put poison in my food, in my thirst they forced me to drink vinegar.

NET Bible
They put bitter poison into my food, and to quench my thirst they give me vinegar to drink.

New Heart English Bible
They also gave me gall for my food. In my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They put bitter herbs in my food and for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They poisoned my food, and when I was thirsty, they gave me vinegar to drink.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Yea, they put poison into my food; And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

New American Standard 1977
They also gave me gall for my food, And for my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Jubilee Bible 2000
They also gave me gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

King James 2000 Bible
They gave me also gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

American King James Version
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

American Standard Version
They gave me also gall for my food; And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
They gave me also gall for my food, and made me drink vinegar for my thirst.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Darby Bible Translation
Yea, they gave me gall for my food, and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

English Revised Version
They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

Webster's Bible Translation
They gave me also gall for my food; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

World English Bible
They also gave me gall for my food. In my thirst, they gave me vinegar to drink.

Young's Literal Translation
And they give for my food gall, And for my thirst cause me to drink vinegar.
Study Bible
The Waters Are Up to My Neck
20Insults have broken my heart, and I am in despair. I looked for sympathy, but there was none, for comforters, but I found no one. 21They poisoned my food with gall and gave me vinegar to quench my thirst. 22May their table become a snare; may it be a retribution and a trap.…
Cross References
Matthew 27:34
they offered Him wine to drink, mixed with gall; but after tasting it, He refused to drink it.

Matthew 27:48
One of them quickly ran and brought a sponge. He filled it with vinegar, put it on a reed, and held it up for Jesus to drink.

Mark 15:23
There they offered Him wine mixed with myrrh, but He did not take it.

Mark 15:36
And someone ran and filled a sponge with vinegar. He put it on a reed and offered it to Jesus to drink. "Wait!" he said. "Let us see if Elijah comes to take Him down."

Luke 23:36
The soldiers also mocked Him and came up to offer Him sour wine.

John 19:28
After this, knowing that everything had now been accomplished, and to fulfill the Scripture, Jesus said, "I am thirsty."

Deuteronomy 29:18
Make sure there is no man or woman, clan or tribe among you today whose heart turns away from the LORD our God to go and worship the gods of those nations. Make sure there is no root among you that bears such poisonous and bitter fruit,

Jeremiah 8:14
"Why are we just sitting here? Gather together, let us flee to the fortified cities and perish there, for the LORD our God has doomed us. He has given us poisoned water to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.

Treasury of Scripture

They gave me also gall for my meat; and in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink.

gall for my meat.

John 19:29
Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth.

Jeremiah 8:14
Why do we sit still? assemble yourselves, and let us enter into the defenced cities, and let us be silent there: for the LORD our God hath put us to silence, and given us water of gall to drink, because we have sinned against the LORD.

Jeremiah 9:15
Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; Behold, I will feed them, even this people, with wormwood, and give them water of gall to drink.

vinegar

Mark 15:23,36
And they gave him to drink wine mingled with myrrh: but he received it not…

Luke 23:36
And the soldiers also mocked him, coming to him, and offering him vinegar,

John 19:29,30
Now there was set a vessel full of vinegar: and they filled a spunge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his mouth…







Lexicon
They poisoned
וַיִּתְּנ֣וּ (way·yit·tə·nū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5414: To give, put, set

my food
בְּבָרוּתִ֣י (bə·ḇā·rū·ṯî)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 1267: Food

with gall
רֹ֑אשׁ (rōš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7219: A poisonous plant, the poppy, poison

and gave me vinegar
חֹֽמֶץ׃ (ḥō·meṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2558: Vinegar

to quench
יַשְׁק֥וּנִי (yaš·qū·nî)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine plural | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 8248: To quaff, to irrigate, furnish a, potion to

my thirst.
וְ֝לִצְמָאִ֗י (wə·liṣ·mā·’î)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 6772: Thirst
(21) Gall.--Heb., rosh, i.e., head. (Comp. poppy heads. See Deuteronomy 32:32.) In Hosea 10:4 it is translated hemlock, but is most probably the poppy (papaver arenarium), which grows everywhere in Palestine, and answers all the conditions. The rendering, gall, comes from the LXX.

Vinegar.--Sour wine would not be rejected as unpalatable (see Note Ruth 2:14). It was forbidden to Nazarites as a luxury (Numbers 6:3). Was the author of the psalm possibly a Nazarite? or are the expressions in the psalm merely figurative. Comp.

"The banquet where the meats became

As wormwood."

--TENNYSON: Elaine.

Verse 21. - They gave me also gall for my meat. Here, at any rate, the psalmist is inspired to be Messianic, i.e. to use words which, while they can only be applied to himself metaphorically and loosely, are in the strictest and most literal sense applicable to Christ. Gall was actually mingled with the drink which was given to Christ just before he was crucified, and which he tasted, but would not swallow (Matthew 27:34). And in my thirst they gave me vinegar to drink. Similarly, when upon the cress Christ uttered the words, "I thirst," those who stood by "filled a sponge with vinegar, and put it upon hyssop, and put it to his month. When Jesus therefore had received the vinegar, he said, It is finished; and he bowed his head, and gave up the ghost" (John 19:29, 30); comp. Psalm 22:16-18, where little facts, not true of David, but true of Christ, are recorded of an afflicted one, who partly represents David, partly his great Descendant. 69:13-21 Whatever deep waters of affliction or temptation we sink into, whatever floods of trouble or ungodly men seem ready to overwhelm us, let us persevere in prayer to our Lord to save us. The tokens of God's favour to us are enough to keep our spirits from sinking in the deepest outward troubles. If we think well of God, and continue to do so under the greatest hardships, we need not fear but he will do well for us. And if at any time we are called on to suffer reproach and shame, for Christ's sake, this may be our comfort, that he knows it. It bears hard on one that knows the worth of a good name, to be oppressed with a bad one; but when we consider what a favour it is to be accounted worthy to suffer shame for the name of Jesus, we shall see that there is no reason why it should be heart-breaking to us. The sufferings of Christ were here particularly foretold, which proves the Scripture to be the word of God; and how exactly these predictions were fulfilled in Jesus Christ, which proves him to be the true Messiah. The vinegar and the gall given to him, were a faint emblem of that bitter cup which he drank up, that we might drink the cup of salvation. We cannot expect too little from men, miserable comforters are they all; nor can we expect too much from the God of all comfort and consolation.
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OT Poetry: Psalm 69:21 They also gave me gall for my (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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