Romans 1:28
Text Analysis
Strong'sGreekEnglishMorphology
2532 [e]Καὶ
Kai
AndConj
2531 [e]καθὼς
kathōs
asAdv
3756 [e]οὐκ
ouk
notAdv
1381 [e]ἐδοκίμασαν
edokimasan
they did see fitV-AIA-3P
3588 [e]τὸν
ton
- Art-AMS
2316 [e]Θεὸν
Theon
GodN-AMS
2192 [e]ἔχειν
echein
to haveV-PNA
1722 [e]ἐν
en
in [their]Prep
1922 [e]ἐπιγνώσει,
epignōsei
knowledge,N-DFS
3860 [e]παρέδωκεν
paredōken
gave upV-AIA-3S
846 [e]αὐτοὺς
autous
themPPro-AM3P
3588 [e]
ho
- Art-NMS
2316 [e]Θεὸς
Theos
GodN-NMS
1519 [e]εἰς
eis
toPrep
96 [e]ἀδόκιμον
adokimon
a depravedAdj-AMS
3563 [e]νοῦν,
noun
mind,N-AMS
4160 [e]ποιεῖν
poiein
to doV-PNA
3588 [e]τὰ
ta
thingsArt-ANP
3361 [e]μὴ
notAdv
2520 [e]καθήκοντα,
kathēkonta
being proper;V-PPA-ANP











Greek Texts
ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Nestle 1904
Καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν Θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ Θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort 1881
Καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Westcott and Hort / [NA27 and UBS4 variants]
Καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: RP Byzantine Majority Text 2005
Καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Greek Orthodox Church
Καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν Θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ Θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Tischendorf 8th Edition
καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Scrivener's Textus Receptus 1894
Καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν Θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει, παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ Θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν, ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα,

ΠΡΟΣ ΡΩΜΑΙΟΥΣ 1:28 Greek NT: Stephanus Textus Receptus 1550
καὶ καθὼς οὐκ ἐδοκίμασαν τὸν θεὸν ἔχειν ἐν ἐπιγνώσει παρέδωκεν αὐτοὺς ὁ θεὸς εἰς ἀδόκιμον νοῦν ποιεῖν τὰ μὴ καθήκοντα

Romans 1:28 Hebrew Bible
וכאשר מאסו להשיג האלהים בדעת נתנם האלהים בידי דעה נמאסה לעשות את אשר לא יתכן׃

Romans 1:28 Aramaic NT: Peshitta
ܘܐܝܟ ܕܠܐ ܕܢܘ ܒܢܦܫܗܘܢ ܕܢܕܥܘܢ ܠܐܠܗܐ ܐܫܠܡ ܐܢܘܢ ܐܠܗܐ ܠܡܕܥܐ ܕܤܪܝܩܘܬܐ ܕܢܗܘܘܢ ܥܒܕܝܢ ܡܕܡ ܕܠܐ ܘܠܐ ܀

Parallel Verses
New American Standard Bible
And just as they did not see fit to acknowledge God any longer, God gave them over to a depraved mind, to do those things which are not proper,

King James Bible
And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge, God gave them over to a reprobate mind, to do those things which are not convenient;

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And because they did not think it worthwhile to acknowledge God, God delivered them over to a worthless mind to do what is morally wrong.
Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

as they did.

Romans 1:18,21 For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness …

Job 21:14,15 Therefore they say to God, Depart from us; for we desire not the …

Proverbs 1:7,22,29 The fear of the LORD is the beginning of knowledge: but fools despise …

Proverbs 5:12,13 And say, How have I hated instruction, and my heart despised reproof…

Proverbs 17:16 Why is there a price in the hand of a fool to get wisdom, seeing …

Jeremiah 4:22 For my people is foolish, they have not known me; they are silly …

Jeremiah 9:6 Your habitation is in the middle of deceit; through deceit they refuse …

Hosea 4:6 My people are destroyed for lack of knowledge: because you have rejected …

Acts 17:23,32 For as I passed by, and beheld your devotions, I found an altar with …

Romans 8:7,8 Because the carnal mind is enmity against God: for it is not subject …

1 Corinthians 15:34 Awake to righteousness, and sin not; for some have not the knowledge …

2 Corinthians 4:4-6 In whom the god of this world has blinded the minds of them which …

2 Corinthians 10:5 Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalts itself …

2 Thessalonians 1:8 In flaming fire taking vengeance on them that know not God, and that …

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And with all delusion of unrighteousness in them that perish; because …

2 Peter 3:5 For this they willingly are ignorant of, that by the word of God …

retain. or, acknowledge. a reprobate mind. or, a mind void of judgment.

Jeremiah 6:30 Reprobate silver shall men call them, because the LORD has rejected them.

2 Corinthians 13:5-7 Examine yourselves, whether you be in the faith; prove your own selves. …

2 Timothy 3:8 Now as Jannes and Jambres withstood Moses, so do these also resist …

Titus 1:16 They profess that they know God; but in works they deny him, being …

not convenient.

Ephesians 5:4 Neither filthiness, nor foolish talking, nor jesting, which are not …

Philemon 1:8 Why, though I might be much bold in Christ to enjoin you that which …

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Romans 1:27
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