1 Chronicles 18:5
New International Version
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.

New Living Translation
When Arameans from Damascus arrived to help King Hadadezer, David killed 22,000 of them.

English Standard Version
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 men of the Syrians.

Berean Study Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand men.

King James Bible
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

New King James Version
When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.

New American Standard Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand men of the Arameans.

NASB 1995
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 men of the Arameans.

NASB 1977
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 men of the Arameans.

Amplified Bible
When the Arameans (Syrians) of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of the Arameans.

Christian Standard Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to assist King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand Aramean men.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to assist King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 Aramean men.

American Standard Version
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadarezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the men of Adum and Darmsuq came to help Hadarzar, King of Netsibin, and David killed twenty and two thousand men of Adum.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Syrian came from Damascus to help Adraazar king of Suba; and David smote of the Syrian army twenty and two thousand men.

Contemporary English Version
When troops from the Syrian kingdom of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, David killed 22,000 of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Syrians of Damascus came also to help Adarezer king of Soba: and David slew of them likewise two and twenty thousand men.

English Revised Version
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadarezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

Good News Translation
When the Syrians of Damascus sent an army to help King Hadadezer, David attacked it and killed twenty-two thousand men.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the Arameans from Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them.

International Standard Version
When Arameans came from Damascus to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when the Arameans of Damascus came to succour Hadarezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Arameans two and twenty thousand men.

Literal Standard Version
And Aram of Damascus comes to give help to Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David strikes twenty-two thousand men in Aram,

NET Bible
The Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, but David killed 22,000 of the Arameans.

New Heart English Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck of the Arameans twenty-two thousand men.

World English Bible
When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck of the Syrians twenty-two thousand men.

Young's Literal Translation
And Aram of Damascus cometh in to give help to Hadarezer king of Zobah, and David smiteth in Aram twenty and two thousand men,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Triumphs
4David captured from him a thousand chariots, seven thousand charioteers, and twenty thousand foot soldiers, and he hamstrung all the horses except a hundred he kept for the chariots. 5When the Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand men. 6Then he placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to David and brought him tribute. So the LORD made David victorious wherever he went.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 18:4
David captured from him a thousand chariots, seven thousand charioteers, and twenty thousand foot soldiers, and he hamstrung all the horses except a hundred he kept for the chariots.

1 Chronicles 18:6
Then he placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to David and brought him tribute. So the LORD made David victorious wherever he went.

1 Chronicles 19:6
When the Ammonites realized that they had become a stench to David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from Aram-naharaim, Aram-maacah, and Zobah.


Treasury of Scripture

And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

the Syrians

2 Samuel 8:5,6
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men…

1 Kings 11:23,24
And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: …

Damascus [heb] Darmeske

Isaiah 8:9,10
Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces…

Zobah

1 Chronicles 17:3
And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying,

1 Samuel 14:47
So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.









(5) And when the Syrians of Damascus came.--Literally, And Aram of Damascus came. The verb is masculine here, feminine in Samuel. (Comp. 1Chronicles 18:2.)

Damascus.--Heb., Darmeseq, a late form, occurring again in 2Chronicles 28:5; 2Chronicles 28:23 (= ancient Dammeseq). In Syriac the name is similar: Darm?s-q. The Arabic is Dimashqu, the cuneiform Dimashqa or Dimmasqa.

David slew of the Syrians.--Literally, smote in Aram. The preposition is partitive.

Verse 5. - The Hebrew text of Damascus, here, next verse, and also 2 Chronicles 28:5, spells the word with a resh, omitting the dagesh forte in the mere following, which Gesenius instances (see his 'Lexicon') as the Syriac orthography.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When the Arameans
אֲרַ֣ם (’ă·ram)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 758: Aram -- Syria

of Damascus
דַּרְמֶ֔שֶׂק (dar·me·śeq)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1834: Damascus -- a city in Aram (Syria)

came
וַיָּבֹא֙ (way·yā·ḇō)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to help
לַעְז֕וֹר (la‘·zō·wr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5826: To surround, protect, aid

King
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

Hadadezer
לַהֲדַדְעֶ֖זֶר (la·hă·ḏaḏ·‘e·zer)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

of Zobah,
צוֹבָ֑ה (ṣō·w·ḇāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6678: Zobah -- an Aramean (Syrian) kingdom

David
דָּוִיד֙ (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

struck down
וַיַּ֤ךְ (way·yaḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

twenty-two
עֶשְׂרִֽים־ (‘eś·rîm-)
Number - common plural
Strong's 6242: Twenty, twentieth

thousand
אֶ֖לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

men.
אִֽישׁ׃ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 18:5 When the Syrians of Damascus came (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 18:4
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