1 Chronicles 18:3
New International Version
Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah, in the vicinity of Hamath, when he went to set up his monument at the Euphrates River.

New Living Translation
David also destroyed the forces of Hadadezer, king of Zobah, as far as Hamath, when Hadadezer marched out to strengthen his control along the Euphrates River.

English Standard Version
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah-Hamath, as he went to set up his monument at the river Euphrates.

Berean Study Bible
As far as Hamath, David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, who had marched out to establish his dominion along the Euphrates River.

King James Bible
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

New King James Version
And David defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his power by the River Euphrates.

New American Standard Bible
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his rule to the river Euphrates.

NASB 1995
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his rule to the Euphrates River.

NASB 1977
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his rule to the Euphrates River.

Amplified Bible
David also defeated Hadadezer king of Zobah as far as Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion to the Euphrates River.

Christian Standard Bible
David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah at Hamath when he went to establish his control at the Euphrates River.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah at Hamath when he went to establish his control at the Euphrates River.

American Standard Version
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David killed Hadarezar, King of Netsibin, when he went to set the border in the River Euphrates.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And David smote Adraazar king of Suba of Emath, as he was going to establish power toward the river Euphrates.

Contemporary English Version
While King Hadadezer of Zobah was trying to gain control of the territory near the Euphrates River, David met him in battle at Hamath and defeated him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
At that time David defeated also Adarezer king of Soba of the land of Hemath, when he went to extend his dominions as far as the river Euphrates.

English Revised Version
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

Good News Translation
Next, David attacked King Hadadezer of the Syrian state of Zobah, near the territory of Hamath, because Hadadezer was trying to gain control of the territory by the upper Euphrates River.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When David went to establish his control [over the territory] along the Euphrates River, he defeated King Hadadezer at Hamath.

International Standard Version
David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, which is near Hamath, while he was going about establishing his hegemony as far as the Euphrates River.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah by Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion at the river Euphrates.

Literal Standard Version
And David strikes Hadarezer king of Zobah, at Hamath, in his going to establish his power by the Euphrates River,

NET Bible
David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah as far as Hamath, when he went to extend his authority to the Euphrates River.

New Heart English Bible
David struck Hadadezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Perath.

World English Bible
David struck Hadadezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

Young's Literal Translation
And David smiteth Hadarezer king of Zobah, at Hamath, in his going to establish his power by the river Phrat,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Triumphs
2David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to David and brought him tribute. 3As far as Hamath, David also defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah, who had marched out to establish his dominion along the Euphrates River. 4David captured from him a thousand chariots, seven thousand charioteers, and twenty thousand foot soldiers, and he hamstrung all the horses except a hundred he kept for the chariots.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 18:2
David also defeated the Moabites, and they became subject to David and brought him tribute.

1 Chronicles 18:4
David captured from him a thousand chariots, seven thousand charioteers, and twenty thousand foot soldiers, and he hamstrung all the horses except a hundred he kept for the chariots.

Ezra 4:20
And mighty kings have ruled over Jerusalem and exercised authority over the whole region west of the Euphrates; and tribute, duty, and toll were paid to them.

Psalm 60:1
You have rejected us, O God; You have broken us; You have been angry; restore us!


Treasury of Scripture

And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah to Hamath, as he went to establish his dominion by the river Euphrates.

2 Samuel 8:3
David smote also Hadadezer, the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his border at the river Euphrates.

Hadadezer

1 Samuel 14:47
So Saul took the kingdom over Israel, and fought against all his enemies on every side, against Moab, and against the children of Ammon, and against Edom, and against the kings of Zobah, and against the Philistines: and whithersoever he turned himself, he vexed them.

2 Samuel 10:6
And when the children of Ammon saw that they stank before David, the children of Ammon sent and hired the Syrians of Bethrehob, and the Syrians of Zoba, twenty thousand footmen, and of king Maacah a thousand men, and of Ishtob twelve thousand men.

Psalm 60:1
To the chief Musician upon Shushaneduth, Michtam of David, to teach; when he strove with Aramnaharaim and with Aramzobah, when Joab returned, and smote of Edom in the valley of salt twelve thousand. O God, thou hast cast us off, thou hast scattered us, thou hast been displeased; O turn thyself to us again.

by the river

Genesis 15:18
In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, Unto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates:

Exodus 23:31
And I will set thy bounds from the Red sea even unto the sea of the Philistines, and from the desert unto the river: for I will deliver the inhabitants of the land into your hand; and thou shalt drive them out before thee.









(3) Hadarezer.--Samuel, "Hadadezer" (Hadad is help), which is correct. Hadad was a Syrian god, identical with Dadda (Rimmon), worshipped from the Euphrates to Edom and North Arabia. Comp. the royal names Benhadad and Abdadad (i.e., servant of Hadad, like Obadiah, servant of Iahu), which last occurs on Syrian coins, and the Notes on 2Kings 5:18; 1Chronicles 1:46. Samuel adds. "son of Rehob."

Zobah unto Hamath.--Rather, Zobah towards Hamath. The word (H?math?h; not in Samuel) defines the position of Zobah. (Comp. 2Samuel 8:8; Ezekiel 47:16.) The town of Zobah lay somewhere near Emesa (Horns), and not far from the present Yabr-d, north-east of Damascus. (The Assyrian monarch Assurbanipal mentions the towns of Yabrudu and Cubiti--i.e., Zobah--in his Annals.) Its kings are spoken of in 1Samuel 14:47. Hadadezer appears to have brought the whole country under a single sceptre. . . .

Verse 3. - Hadarezer; in the parallel places, Hadadezer; though our present form is found both in Samuel (e.g. 2 Samuel 10:16) and in other places in Chronicles, yet in all these places some manuscripts show Hadadezer (see Gesenius, 'Lexicon,' sub voce). Zobah. Part of Syria, east of Hamath, and for the most part of Coelo-Syria, north of Damascus, and stretching in the direction of the Euphrates. Possibly it is one with Ptolemy's Zake (1 Samuel 14:47; 2 Samuel 8:3-10; 2 Samuel 10:9; 1 Kings 11:23-25). Hamath. In the valley of the Orontes, the northern boundary of the Holy Land. It is traceable from the time of the Exodus (Genesis 10:18; Numbers 13:21; Numbers 34:8) to that of the Prophet Amos (Amos 6:12). Though in Zobah, it is probably not the Hamath-Zobah of 2 Samuel 8:3. To stablish his dominion. In the parallel place, "to restore," i.e., no doubt, to endeavour to do so, and that against the growing force of David. He had already suffered at the hand of Saul (1 Samuel 14:47, 48).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
[As far as] Hamath,
חֲמָ֑תָה (ḥă·mā·ṯāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 2574: Hamath -- a place North of Damascus

David
דָּוִ֛יד (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

also defeated
וַיַּ֥ךְ (way·yaḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

King
מֶֽלֶךְ־ (me·leḵ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

Hadadezer
הֲדַדְעֶ֥זֶר (hă·ḏaḏ·‘e·zer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

of Zobah,
צוֹבָ֖ה (ṣō·w·ḇāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 6678: Zobah -- an Aramean (Syrian) kingdom

who had marched out
בְּלֶכְתּ֕וֹ (bə·leḵ·tōw)
Preposition-b | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1980: To go, come, walk

to establish
לְהַצִּ֥יב (lə·haṣ·ṣîḇ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Hifil - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5324: To take one's stand, stand

his dominion
יָד֖וֹ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand

along the Euphrates
פְּרָֽת׃ (pə·rāṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6578: Euphrates -- a river of west Asia

River.
בִּֽנְהַר־ (bin·har-)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5104: A stream, prosperity


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Control David Defeated Dominion Establish Euphrates Euphra'tes Far Fought Hadadezer Hadade'zer Hadarezer Hamath Monument Moreover Overcame Phrat Power River Rule Smiteth Smote Stablish Struck Zobah
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Control David Defeated Dominion Establish Euphrates Euphra'tes Far Fought Hadadezer Hadade'zer Hadarezer Hamath Monument Moreover Overcame Phrat Power River Rule Smiteth Smote Stablish Struck Zobah
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 18:3 David struck Hadadezer king of Zobah (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 18:2
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