2 Samuel 8:9
New International Version
When Tou king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer,

New Living Translation
When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had destroyed the entire army of Hadadezer,

English Standard Version
When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of Hadadezer,

Berean Study Bible
When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer,

King James Bible
When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

New King James Version
When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,

New American Standard Bible
Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of Hadadezer,

NASB 1995
Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,

NASB 1977
Now when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had defeated all the army of Hadadezer,

Amplified Bible
When Toi king of Hamath heard about David’s defeat of all the forces of Hadadezer,

Christian Standard Bible
When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer,

American Standard Version
And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Tua the King of Khamath heard that David had beaten all the army of Hedarezar

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Thou the king of Hemath heard that David had smitten all the host of Adraazar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Thou the king of Emath heard that David had defeated all the forces of Adarezer.

English Revised Version
And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Good News Translation
King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated all of Hadadezer's army.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated Hadadezer's whole army,

International Standard Version
When King Tou of Hamath learned that David had conquered the entire army of King Hadadezer of Zobah,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Literal Standard Version
And Toi king of Hamath hears that David has struck all the force of Hadadezer,

NET Bible
When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer,

New Heart English Bible
When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had struck all the army of Hadadezer,

World English Bible
When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had struck all the army of Hadadezer,

Young's Literal Translation
And Toi king of Hamath heareth that David hath smitten all the force of Hadadezer,

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Triumphs
8And from Betah and Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, King David took a large amount of bronze. 9When King Toi of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer, 10he sent his son Joram to greet King David and bless him for fighting and defeating Hadadezer, who had been at war with Toi. Joram brought with him articles of silver and gold and bronze,…

Cross References
2 Samuel 8:10
he sent his son Joram to greet King David and bless him for fighting and defeating Hadadezer, who had been at war with Toi. Joram brought with him articles of silver and gold and bronze,

1 Kings 8:65
So at that time Solomon and all Israel with him--a great assembly of people from Lebo-hamath to the Brook of Egypt--kept the feast before the LORD our God for seven days and seven more days--fourteen days in all.

2 Chronicles 8:4
He built Tadmor in the wilderness, in addition to all the store cities that he had built in Hamath.


Treasury of Scripture

When Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer,

Toi

1 Chronicles 18:9
Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;

Tou

Amos 6:2
Pass ye unto Calneh, and see; and from thence go ye to Hamath the great: then go down to Gath of the Philistines: be they better than these kingdoms? or their border greater than your border?









(9) Toi king of Hamath.--The Vatican LXX. has the name, in accordance with Chron., Tau. Hamath, the capital of the kingdom of the same name, was situated on the Orontes. According to 1Chronicles 18:3. David's victory was on the borders of this kingdom. It was tributary to Solomon (1Kings 4:24, 2Chronicles 8:3-4), subsequently became independent, and was recovered by Jeroboam II. (2Kings 14:28), and was finally captured by Assyria (2Kings 19:13). It is described as "the great" by Amos (6:2), and a considerable town still occupies its site.

Verse 9. - Toi, called in Chronicles Tou, King of Hamath. This was a famous city upon the river Orontes, afterwards called by the Greeks Epiphania, and was situated upon the northernmost boundary of Palestine. Its interest in the present day lies in its having been the capital of the Hittites - a race whose very existence was doubted a few years ago, in spite of the testimony of Holy Scripture; but whose marvellous empire has been lately proved to be historical by Egyptian records on the one side, and cuneiform inscriptions on the other. Unfortunately, inscriptions which they have themselves left behind have not yet found any one capable of deciphering them. In the twelfth century B.C. they were the paramount power from the Euphrates to the Lebanon. For many centuries they contended with the Pharaohs for the possession of Egypt, and while Rameses II. had to make an inglorious peace with the Kheta, as they are called, and marry the king's daughter, Rameses III won a great victory over them, and saved Egypt from thraldom. In the cuneiform inscriptions we find the record of a struggle between Assyria and the Hittites, lasting for four hundred years, during which Shalmaneser made thirty campaigns against them, but they were not finally conquered until B.C. 717, during the reign of Sargon. Fuller details will be found in Dr. Wright's 'Empire of the Hittites,' published by Messrs. Nisbet.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When King
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

Toi
תֹּ֖עִי (tō·‘î)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8583: Toi -- a king of Hamath

of Hamath
חֲמָ֑ת (ḥă·māṯ)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 2574: Hamath -- a place North of Damascus

heard
וַיִּשְׁמַ֕ע (way·yiš·ma‘)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 8085: To hear intelligently

that
כִּ֚י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

David
דָוִ֔ד (ḏā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

had defeated
הִכָּ֣ה (hik·kāh)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

the entire
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

army
חֵ֥יל (ḥêl)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2426: An army, an intrenchment

of Hadadezer,
הֲדַדְעָֽזֶר׃ (hă·ḏaḏ·‘ā·zer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king


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Army David Defeated Entire Force Forces Hadadezer Hadade'zer Hamath Heard Heareth Host News Overcome Smitten Struck Toi Tou Whole
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OT History: 2 Samuel 8:9 When Toi king of Hamath heard that (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 8:8
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