2 Samuel 8:5
New International Version
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them.

New Living Translation
When Arameans from Damascus arrived to help King Hadadezer, David killed 22,000 of them.

English Standard Version
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 men of the Syrians.

Berean Study Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand men.

King James Bible
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

New King James Version
When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand of the Syrians.

New American Standard Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David killed twenty-two thousand men among the Arameans.

NASB 1995
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 Arameans.

NASB 1977
And when the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David killed 22,000 Arameans.

Amplified Bible
When the Arameans (Syrians) of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, king of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 Arameans.

Christian Standard Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to assist King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand Aramean men.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to assist King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 Aramean men.

American Standard Version
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadadezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Adum and Darmsuq came to help Hedarezar the King of Tsuba, and David struck twenty and two thousand at Adum .”

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Syria of Damascus comes to help Adraazar king of Suba, and David smote twenty-two thousand men belonging to the Syrian.

Contemporary English Version
When troops from the Aramean kingdom of Damascus came to help Hadadezer, David killed 22,000 of them.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Adarezer the king of Soba: and David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

English Revised Version
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

Good News Translation
When the Syrians of Damascus sent an army to help King Hadadezer, David attacked it and killed twenty-two thousand men.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the Arameans from Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them.

International Standard Version
When Arameans came from Damascus to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David killed 22,000 of them.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And when the Arameans of Damascus came to succour Hadadezer king of Zobah, David smote of the Arameans two and twenty thousand men.

Literal Standard Version
And Aram of Damascus comes to give help to Hadadezer king of Zobah, and David strikes twenty-two thousand men of Aram;

NET Bible
The Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, but David killed 22,000 of the Arameans.

New Heart English Bible
When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck of the Arameans two and twenty thousand men.

World English Bible
When the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

Young's Literal Translation
And Aram of Damascus cometh to give help to Hadadezer king of Zobah, and David smiteth of Aram twenty and two thousand men;

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Triumphs
4David captured from him a thousand chariots, seven thousand charioteers, and twenty thousand foot soldiers, and he hamstrung all the horses except a hundred he kept for the chariots. 5When the Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand men. 6Then he placed garrisons in Aram of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to David and brought him tribute. So the LORD made David victorious wherever he went.…

Cross References
2 Samuel 10:6
When the Ammonites realized that they had become a stench to David, they hired twenty thousand Aramean foot soldiers from Beth-rehob and Zoba, as well as a thousand men from the king of Maacah and twelve thousand men from Tob.

1 Kings 11:23
And God raised up against Solomon another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliada, who had fled from his master, Hadadezer king of Zobah,


Treasury of Scripture

And when the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadadezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.

And when

1 Kings 11:23-25
And God stirred him up another adversary, Rezon the son of Eliadah, which fled from his lord Hadadezer king of Zobah: …

1 Chronicles 18:5,6
And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men…

Isaiah 7:8
For the head of Syria is Damascus, and the head of Damascus is Rezin; and within threescore and five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people.

came

Job 9:13
If God will not withdraw his anger, the proud helpers do stoop under him.

Psalm 83:4-8
They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance…

Isaiah 8:9,10
Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces…

Zobah From

2 Chronicles 8:3
And Solomon went to Hamathzobah, and prevailed against it.









(5) Syrians of Damascus.--So called from their capital, this being the most powerful branch of the Syrian race.

Two and twenty thousand men.--Josephus (Ant. vii. 5, ? 2) quotes from the historian Nicolaus a mention of the defeat of Hadad at this place by David.

Verse 5. - The Syrians of Damascus; Hebrew, Aram-Dammesek; that is, Aram-Damascus. The inhabitants of these regions and of Mesopotamia were descended from Aram, the son of Shem (Genesis 10:22), and bore his name. Thus Zobah is called Aram-Zobah in the title of Psalm 60. As members of a kindred race, and speaking the same language, all the clans of the Aramean family would naturally combine to check the growing power of Israel.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
When the Arameans
אֲרַ֣ם (’ă·ram)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 758: Aram -- Syria

of Damascus
דַּמֶּ֔שֶׂק (dam·me·śeq)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 1834: Damascus -- a city in Aram (Syria)

came
וַתָּבֹא֙ (wat·tā·ḇō)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

to help
לַעְזֹ֕ר (la‘·zōr)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 5826: To surround, protect, aid

King
מֶ֣לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

Hadadezer
לַהֲדַדְעֶ֖זֶר (la·hă·ḏaḏ·‘e·zer)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

of Zobah,
צוֹבָ֑ה (ṣō·w·ḇāh)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 6678: Zobah -- an Aramean (Syrian) kingdom

David
דָּוִד֙ (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

struck down
וַיַּ֤ךְ (way·yaḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

twenty-two
עֶשְׂרִֽים־ (‘eś·rîm-)
Number - common plural
Strong's 6242: Twenty, twentieth

thousand
אֶ֖לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

men.
אִֽישׁ׃ (’îš)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person


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OT History: 2 Samuel 8:5 When the Syrians of Damascus came (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
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