1 Chronicles 18:10
New International Version
he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold, of silver and of bronze.

New Living Translation
he sent his son Joram to congratulate King David for his successful campaign. Hadadezer and Toi had been enemies and were often at war. Joram presented David with many gifts of gold, silver, and bronze.

English Standard Version
he sent his son Hadoram to King David, to ask about his health and to bless him because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him; for Hadadezer had often been at war with Tou. And he sent all sorts of articles of gold, of silver, and of bronze.

Berean Study Bible
he sent his son Hadoram to greet King David and bless him for fighting and defeating Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold and silver and bronze,

King James Bible
He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to inquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

New King James Version
he sent Hadoram his son to King David, to greet him and bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him (for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou); and Hadoram brought with him all kinds of articles of gold, silver, and bronze.

New American Standard Bible
he sent Hadoram his son to King David to greet him and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and had defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou. And Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold and silver and bronze.

NASB 1995
he sent Hadoram his son to King David to greet him and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and had defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou. And Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold and silver and bronze.

NASB 1977
he sent Hadoram his son to King David, to greet him and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and had defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou. And Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold and silver and bronze.

Amplified Bible
he sent Hadoram his son to King David to greet him and to bless (congratulate) him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and had defeated him; for Hadadezer had been at war with Tou. And Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold and silver and bronze.

Christian Standard Bible
he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him because David had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him, for Tou and Hadadezer had fought many wars. Hadoram brought all kinds of gold, silver, and bronze items.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet him and to congratulate him because David had fought against Hadadezer and defeated him, for Tou and Hadadezer had fought many wars. Hadoram brought all kinds of gold, silver, and bronze items.

American Standard Version
he sent Hadoram his son to king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadarezer and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had wars with Tou;) and he had with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he sent Yuram, his son, to King David, to inquire of his welfare and to congratulate him, because he fought with Hedarezar, and he killed him, because Hedarezar was a man warrior, and in the hand of Yuram there were vessels of silver and vessels of gold and vessels of brass.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he sent Aduram his son to king David to ask how he was, and to congratulate him because he had fought against Adraazar, and smitten him; for Thoa was the enemy of Adraazar.

Douay-Rheims Bible
He sent Adoram his son to king David, to desire peace of him, and to congratulate him that he had defeated and overthrown Adarezer: for Thou was an enemy to Adarezer.

English Revised Version
he sent Hadoram his son to king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadarezer and smitten him; for Hadarezer had wars with Tou; and he had with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

Good News Translation
So he sent his son Joram to greet King David and congratulate him for his victory over Hadadezer, against whom Toi had fought many times. Joram brought David presents made of gold, silver, and bronze.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
he sent his son Hadoram to greet King David and congratulate him for fighting and defeating Hadadezer. (There had often been war between Hadadezer and Tou.)

International Standard Version
he sent his son Hadoram to King David to meet and congratulate him, because he had fought against and defeated Hadadezer. Since Hadadezer had often been to war against Tou, he sent all sorts of gold, silver, and bronze goods

JPS Tanakh 1917
he sent Hadoram his son to king David, to salute him, and to bless him--because he had fought against Hadarezer and smitten him; for Hadarezer had wars with Tou--and [he had with him] all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

Literal Standard Version
and he sends his son Hadoram to King David, to ask of him of peace, and to bless him, because that he has fought against Hadarezer and strikes him (for Hadarezer had been a man of wars with Tou); and [with him were] all kinds of vessels, of gold, and silver, and bronze;

NET Bible
he sent his son Hadoram to King David to extend his best wishes and to pronounce a blessing on him for his victory over Hadadezer, for Tou had been at war with Hadadezer. He also sent various items made of gold, silver, and bronze.

New Heart English Bible
he sent Hadoram his son to king David, to Greet him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and struck him; (for Hadadezer had wars with Tou;) and he had with him all kinds of vessels of gold and silver and bronze.

World English Bible
he sent Hadoram his son to king David, to Greet him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and struck him; (for Hadadezer had wars with Tou;) and [he had with him] all kinds of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

Young's Literal Translation
and he sendeth Hadoram his son unto king David, to ask of him of peace, and to bless him (because that he hath fought against Hadarezer, and smiteth him, for a man of wars with Tou had Hadarezer been,) and all kinds of vessels, of gold, and silver, and brass;

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Triumphs
9When King Tou of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah, 10he sent his son Hadoram to greet King David and bless him for fighting and defeating Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Hadoram brought all kinds of articles of gold and silver and bronze, 11and King David dedicated these to the LORD, along with the silver and gold he had carried off from all these nations—from Edom and Moab, and from the Ammonites, Philistines, and Amalekites.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 18:9
When King Tou of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer king of Zobah,

1 Chronicles 18:11
and King David dedicated these to the LORD, along with the silver and gold he had carried off from all these nations--from Edom and Moab, and from the Ammonites, Philistines, and Amalekites.


Treasury of Scripture

He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to inquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

Hadoram.

2 Samuel 8:10
Then Toi sent Joram his son unto king David, to salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer, and smitten him: for Hadadezer had wars with Toi. And Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass:

enquire.

2 Chronicles 9:1,23,24
And when the queen of Sheba heard of the fame of Solomon, she came to prove Solomon with hard questions at Jerusalem, with a very great company, and camels that bare spices, and gold in abundance, and precious stones: and when she was come to Solomon, she communed with him of all that was in her heart…

Isaiah 39:1
At that time Merodachbaladan, the son of Baladan, king of Babylon, sent letters and a present to Hezekiah: for he had heard that he had been sick, and was recovered.









(10) He sent.--Heb., and he sent.

Hadoram.--Samuel, "and Toi sent Joram" (LXX., "Jedd?ram"). Vulg., "Adoram;" but Syriac and Arabic, "Joram." Hadoram, or Adoram (Hadar or Adar, is high), seems right; but Joram, i.e., Jehoram (Jehovah is high), may be correct, for it appears from an inscription of Sargon that the God of Israel was not unknown to the Hamathites. Sargon calls their king Iahu-bihdi.

To congratulate.--Bless--i.e., pronounce him happy.

Had war with Tou.--A man of wars (a foeman) of Tou was Hadadezer.

And . . . all manner . . .--Samuel, "and in his hand [were] vessels of silver, and vessels of gold," &c. The clause is here curtailed.

Verse 10. - Hadoram. In the parallel place written Joram. The Septuagint has the name spelt with d in both places, which has led to the suggestion that possibly the real name was Jedorum. Josephus suggests that Tou had been brought into subjection by Hadadezer, and wished by his present congratulations and valuable gifts to ingratiate himself with David for a purpose. Had war; literally, was a man of war; i.e. he had shown his addictedness to war, or had warred abundantly with Tou. It is evident that Tou had generally fared the worst in their encounters.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
he sent
וַיִּשְׁלַ֣ח (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out

his son
בְּנ֣וֹ (bə·nōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

Hadoram
הֲדֽוֹרָם־ (hă·ḏō·w·rām-)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1913: Hadoram -- a son of Joktan, also son of the king of Hamath

to greet
לִשְׁאָל־ (liš·’āl-)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 7592: To inquire, to request, to demand

King
הַמֶּֽלֶךְ־ (ham·me·leḵ-)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4428: A king

David
דָּ֠וִיד (dā·wîḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

and bless him
וּֽלְבָרֲכ֗וֹ (ū·lə·ḇā·ră·ḵōw)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-l | Verb - Piel - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1288: To kneel, to bless God, man, to curse

for
עַל֩ (‘al)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

fighting
נִלְחַ֤ם (nil·ḥam)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against Hadadezer
בַּהֲדַדְעֶ֙זֶר֙ (ba·hă·ḏaḏ·‘e·zer)
Preposition-b | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

and defeating him.
וַיַּכֵּ֔הוּ (way·yak·kê·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Hifil - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5221: To strike

For
כִּי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

Tou
תֹּ֖עוּ (tō·‘ū)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 8583: Toi -- a king of Hamath

and Hadadezer
הֲדַדְעָ֑זֶר (hă·ḏaḏ·‘ā·zer)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1909: Hadadezer -- 'Hadad is help(er)', an Aramean (Syrian) king

had been
הָיָ֣ה (hā·yāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

at war.
מִלְחֲמ֥וֹת (mil·ḥă·mō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural construct
Strong's 4421: A battle, war

Hadoram brought all kinds
וְכֹ֗ל (wə·ḵōl)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

of articles
כְּלֵ֛י (kə·lê)
Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 3627: Something prepared, any apparatus

of gold
זָהָ֥ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

and silver
וָכֶ֖סֶף (wā·ḵe·sep̄)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3701: Silver, money

and bronze,
וּנְחֹֽשֶׁת׃ (ū·nə·ḥō·šeṯ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5178: Copper, something made of that metal, coin, a fetter, base


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Bless Brass Congratulate David Enquire Fought Gold Greet Hadadezer Hadarezer Hadoram Inquire Manner Salute Silver Smitten Struck Tou Vessels War Warred Wars Welfare
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 18:10 He sent Hadoram his son to king (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
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