1 Chronicles 2:46
New International Version
Caleb's concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

New Living Translation
Caleb’s concubine Ephah gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

English Standard Version
Ephah also, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez.

Berean Study Bible
Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

New American Standard Bible
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, Moza and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

New King James Version
Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begot Gazez.

King James Bible
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

Christian Standard Bible
Caleb's concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran fathered Gazez.

Contemporary English Version
Ephah was one of Caleb's wives, and their sons were Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran named his son after his brother Gazez.

Good News Translation
Caleb had a concubine named Ephah, and by her he had three more sons: Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran also had a son named Gazez. (

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Caleb's concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran fathered Gazez.

International Standard Version
Caleb's mistress Ephah also bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran fathered Gazez.

NET Bible
Caleb's concubine Ephah bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

New Heart English Bible
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begot Gazez.

New American Standard 1977
And Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez unto him, and Haran begat Gazez.

King James 2000 Bible
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

American King James Version
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

American Standard Version
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begat Gazez.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Gaepha the concubine of Chaleb bore Aram, and Mosa, and Gezue.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Epha the concubine of Caleb bore Haran, and Mesa, and Gezez. And Haran beget Gezez.

Darby Bible Translation
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begot Gazez.

English Revised Version
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

Webster's Bible Translation
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

World English Bible
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

Young's Literal Translation
And Ephah concubine of Caleb bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begat Gazez.
Study Bible
The Sons of Israel
45The son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth-zur. 46Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez. 47The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.…
Cross References
1 Chronicles 2:45
The son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth-zur.

1 Chronicles 2:47
The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.

Treasury of Scripture

And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

Caleb's.

1 Chronicles 2:18,19,48
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon…







Lexicon
Caleb’s
כָּלֵ֔ב (kā·lêḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3612: Caleb -- a son of Jephunneh and sent by Moses to spy out the land

concubine
פִּילֶ֣גֶשׁ (pî·le·ḡeš)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 6370: A concubine, a paramour

Ephah
וְעֵיפָה֙ (wə·‘ê·p̄āh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5891: Ephah -- two Israelites, also a Midianite

was the mother
יָֽלְדָ֛ה (yā·lə·ḏāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

of Haran,
חָרָ֥ן (ḥā·rān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2771: Haran -- 'crossroads', a city in northern Mesopotamia

Moza,
מוֹצָ֖א (mō·w·ṣā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4162: Moza -- a son of Caleb, also a descendant of Saul

and Gazez.
גָּזֵ֑ז (gā·zêz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1495: Gazez -- two Israelites

Haran
וְחָרָ֖ן (wə·ḥā·rān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2771: Haran -- 'crossroads', a city in northern Mesopotamia

was the father of
הֹלִ֥יד (hō·lîḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Gazez.
גָּזֵֽז׃ (gā·zêz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1495: Gazez -- two Israelites
II.--1Chronicles 2:46-49 : The sons of Ephah and Maachah, two concubines of Caleb.

(46) Ephah, Caleb's concubine . . .--These sons of concubines appear to represent mixed populations or tribal groups considered to be of less pure descent than the chief houses of Caleb. The same title of inferiority might cover a relation of dependence, something like that of the clients of the great Roman houses. The name Ephah occurred in 1Chronicles 1:33 as a tribe of the Midianites. It is likely, therefore, that we have before us a record of the admixture of a Midianite element with the southern Judeans.

Haran.--Abraham's brother (Genesis 11:26); a place in Mesopotamia where Abraham settled (Genesis 11:31). It is the Assyrian harranu (high-road). The Midianites claimed descent from Abraham (1Chronicles 1:33), this name therefore might well be borne by a semi-Midianite clan.

Moza.--Occurs in Joshua 18:26 as a town in Benjamin.

Haran begat Gazez.--Comp. 1Chronicles 2:24, Note. Gazez was probably a branch of the clan Haran. The LXX. (Vat.) omits the clause.

(47) The sons of Jahdai.--Heb., Yohdai, or Yehdai. The connection of these tribal groups with the foregoing is not clear; but from 1Chronicles 2:46 it appears that they were Calebites with a foreign admixture. It is curious to find the Midianite name Ephah recurring among them.

(48) Maachah, Caleb's concubine, bare . . .--The Heb. is peculiar, "Caleb's concubine Maachah--he bare Sheber," &c. There is another reading, "she bare." Maachah was a well-known Syrian state (Deuteronomy 3:14). (Comp. 2Samuel 3:3; 1Chronicles 11:43; 1Chronicles 19:6-7; and 2Kings 25:23.) These Calebites, it would seem, were of partly Aramean origin. The masculine verb "he bare" is intelligible if Maachah means not a woman, but a race. (Comp. 1Chronicles 19:15, "Aram hath fled" = the Syrians have fled; 16, "Aram saw," &c.)

(49) Madmannah.--A town of southern Judah, mentioned along with Ziklag in Joshua 15:31. The Shaaf who settled here are different from those mentioned in 1Chronicles 2:47.

Machbenah, an unknown place in Judah, and Gibeah in the hill-country (Joshua 15:57) were settlements of the mixed Calebites called Sheva.

The daughter of Caleb was Achsa.--In Joshua 15:13-19 the father of Achsah is called Caleb son of Jephunneh. This Caleb son of Jephunneh is associated with Joshua in the Pentateuch (Numbers 12:6; Numbers 12:8), and took a prominent part in the conquest of Canaan.

As he represents Judah (Numbers 12:6; comp. Judges 1:10-12), it is reasonable to see in Caleb son of Jephunneh the chief of the tribal division of Hezron-Caleb in the time of Joshua.

Already in these curious lists we have met with special memorials of remarkable members of clans (comp. 1Chronicles 2:6-7; 1Chronicles 2:20), and we may see in the brief clause "and Achsah, daughter of Caleb" a similar notice that this famous person was a Calebite.

Verses 46-49 give the names (the first of which appears as that of a man also, next verse and 1 Chronicles 1:33) of two additional concubines of Caleb, and of their descendants. 2:1-55 Genealogies. - We are now come to the register of the children of Israel, that distinguished people, who were to dwell alone, and not be reckoned among the nations. But now, in Christ, all are welcome to his salvation who come to him; all have equal privileges according to their faith in him, their love and devotedness to him. All that is truly valuable consists in the favour, peace, and image of God, and a life spent to his glory, in promoting the welfare of our fellow-creatures.
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 2:46 Ephah Caleb's concubine bore Haran and Moza (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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