1 Chronicles 2:46
New International Version
Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

New Living Translation
Caleb’s concubine Ephah gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

English Standard Version
Ephah also, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez.

Berean Study Bible
Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

King James Bible
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

New King James Version
Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begot Gazez.

New American Standard Bible
Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran fathered Gazez.

NASB 1995
Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

NASB 1977
And Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

Amplified Bible
Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, gave birth to Haran, Moza, and Gazez; Haran became the father of Gazez.

Christian Standard Bible
Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran fathered Gazez.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran fathered Gazez.

American Standard Version
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begat Gazez.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
These were the sons of Kalab, son of Khur, the firstborn of Aphrath: Shabal was born in Quryath Narin.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Gaepha the concubine of Chaleb bore Aram, and Mosa, and Gezue.

Contemporary English Version
Ephah was one of Caleb's wives, and their sons were Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran named his son after his brother Gazez.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Epha the concubine of Caleb bore Haran, and Mesa, and Gezez. And Haran beget Gezez.

English Revised Version
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

Good News Translation
Caleb had a concubine named Ephah, and by her he had three more sons: Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran also had a son named Gazez. (

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

International Standard Version
Caleb's mistress Ephah also bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran fathered Gazez.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begot Gazez.

Literal Standard Version
And Ephah concubine of Caleb bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begot Gazez.

NET Bible
Caleb's concubine Ephah bore Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez.

New Heart English Bible
Ephah, Caleb's secondary wife, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

World English Bible
Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran became the father of Gazez.

Young's Literal Translation
And Ephah concubine of Caleb bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez; and Haran begat Gazez.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Sons of Israel
45The son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth-zur. 46Caleb’s concubine Ephah was the mother of Haran, Moza, and Gazez. Haran was the father of Gazez. 47The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.…

Cross References
1 Chronicles 2:45
The son of Shammai was Maon, and Maon was the father of Beth-zur.

1 Chronicles 2:47
The sons of Jahdai: Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph.


Treasury of Scripture

And Ephah, Caleb's concubine, bore Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.

Caleb's.

1 Chronicles 2:18,19,48
And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon…









II.--1Chronicles 2:46-49 : The sons of Ephah and Maachah, two concubines of Caleb.

(46) Ephah, Caleb's concubine . . .--These sons of concubines appear to represent mixed populations or tribal groups considered to be of less pure descent than the chief houses of Caleb. The same title of inferiority might cover a relation of dependence, something like that of the clients of the great Roman houses. The name Ephah occurred in 1Chronicles 1:33 as a tribe of the Midianites. It is likely, therefore, that we have before us a record of the admixture of a Midianite element with the southern Judeans.

Haran.--Abraham's brother (Genesis 11:26); a place in Mesopotamia where Abraham settled (Genesis 11:31). It is the Assyrian harranu (high-road). The Midianites claimed descent from Abraham (1Chronicles 1:33), this name therefore might well be borne by a semi-Midianite clan. . . .

Verses 46-49 give the names (the first of which appears as that of a man also, next verse and 1 Chronicles 1:33) of two additional concubines of Caleb, and of their descendants.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Caleb’s
כָּלֵ֔ב (kā·lêḇ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3612: Caleb -- a son of Jephunneh and sent by Moses to spy out the land

concubine
פִּילֶ֣גֶשׁ (pî·le·ḡeš)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 6370: A concubine, a paramour

Ephah
וְעֵיפָה֙ (wə·‘ê·p̄āh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 5891: Ephah -- two Israelites, also a Midianite

was the mother
יָֽלְדָ֛ה (yā·lə·ḏāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

of Haran,
חָרָ֥ן (ḥā·rān)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2771: Haran -- 'crossroads', a city in northern Mesopotamia

Moza,
מוֹצָ֖א (mō·w·ṣā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4162: Moza -- a son of Caleb, also a descendant of Saul

and Gazez.
גָּזֵ֑ז (gā·zêz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1495: Gazez -- two Israelites

Haran
וְחָרָ֖ן (wə·ḥā·rān)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 2771: Haran -- 'crossroads', a city in northern Mesopotamia

was the father of
הֹלִ֥יד (hō·lîḏ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

Gazez.
גָּזֵֽז׃ (gā·zêz)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1495: Gazez -- two Israelites


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OT History: 1 Chronicles 2:46 Ephah Caleb's concubine bore Haran and Moza (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 2:45
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