1 Kings 4:6
New International Version
Ahishar—palace administrator; Adoniram son of Abda—in charge of forced labor.

New Living Translation
Ahishar was manager of the palace property. Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of forced labor.

English Standard Version
Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram the son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor.

Berean Study Bible
Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor.

King James Bible
And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute.

New King James Version
Ahishar, over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda, over the labor force.

New American Standard Bible
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the forced labor.

NASB 1995
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

NASB 1977
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

Amplified Bible
Ahishar was in charge of the household (palace); and Adoniram the son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor.

Christian Standard Bible
Ahishar, in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda, in charge of forced labor.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Ahishar, in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda, in charge of forced labor.

American Standard Version
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to taskwork.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Abinshar, Chief of the house, and Aduniram, son of Abda, over taxation.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Achisar was steward, and Eliac the chief steward; and Eliab the son of Saph was over the family: and Adoniram the son of Audon over the tribute.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Ahisar governor of the house: and Adoniram the son of Abda over the tribute.

English Revised Version
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the levy.

Good News Translation
In charge of the palace servants: Ahishar In charge of the forced labor: Adoniram son of Abda

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[Ahishar] was in charge of the palace. [Adoniram], son of Abda, was in charge of forced labor.

International Standard Version
Ahishar supervised palace matters, and Abda's son Adoniram supervised conscripted labor.

JPS Tanakh 1917
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the levy.

Literal Standard Version
and Ahishar [is] over the household, and Adoniram son of Abda [is] over the tribute.

NET Bible
Ahishar was supervisor of the palace. Adoniram son of Abda was supervisor of the work crews.

New Heart English Bible
and Ahishar was over the palace; and Eliab son of Joab was over the army; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

World English Bible
and Ahishar was over the household; and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the men subject to forced labor.

Young's Literal Translation
And Ahishar is over the household, and Adoniram son of Abda is over the tribute.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Solomon's Princes
5Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the governors; Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king; 6Ahishar was in charge of the palace; and Adoniram son of Abda was in charge of the forced labor.

Cross References
1 Kings 4:5
Azariah son of Nathan was in charge of the governors; Zabud son of Nathan was a priest and adviser to the king;

1 Kings 4:7
Solomon had twelve governors over all Israel to provide food for the king and his household. Each one would arrange provisions for one month of the year,

1 Kings 5:13
Then King Solomon conscripted a labor force of 30,000 men from all Israel.

1 Kings 5:14
He sent them to Lebanon in monthly shifts of 10,000 men, so that they would spend one month in Lebanon and two months at home. And Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor.

1 Kings 12:18
Then King Rehoboam sent out Adoram, who was in charge of the forced labor, but all Israel stoned him to death. And King Rehoboam mounted his chariot in haste and escaped to Jerusalem.

2 Chronicles 8:8
their descendants who remained in the land, those whom the Israelites were unable to destroy--Solomon conscripted these people to be forced laborers, as they are to this day.

2 Chronicles 10:18
Then King Rehoboam sent out Hadoram, who was in charge of the forced labor, but the Israelites stoned him to death. And King Rehoboam mounted his chariot in haste and escaped to Jerusalem.


Treasury of Scripture

And Ahishar was over the household: and Adoniram the son of Abda was over the tribute.

Adoniram

1 Kings 12:13
And the king answered the people roughly, and forsook the old men's counsel that they gave him;

2 Samuel 20:24
And Adoram was over the tribute: and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was recorder:

Adoram

1 Kings 5:13,14
And king Solomon raised a levy out of all Israel; and the levy was thirty thousand men…

1 Kings 9:15
And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer.









(6) Over the household,--like the "High Steward" of a modern Court. In 2Kings 18:18 we have the same three officers mentioned ("Eliakim, who was over the household, and Shebna the scribe, and Joah the son of Asaph the recorder").

Adoniram . . . over the tribute (or "levy"),--evidently the head of Solomon's great public works. (See 1Kings 5:14.) The name is elsewhere given as Adoram. It is to be noticed that in the enumeration of David's officers in the early part of the reign (2Samuel 8:16-18) no such officer is found; but that in the latter part of his reign the list contains the name of Adoram (2Samuel 20:24). It has been thought that the numbering of the people recorded in 2 Samuel 24 and 1 Chronicles 21, was in preparation for such forced work, and hence was odious to Joab and others. In 1Kings 12:18 we read how the holder of this office, being naturally most unpopular with those who had felt the burden of Solomon's splendour, was stoned to death in the insurrection against Rehoboam. . . .

Verse 6. - And Ahishar was over the household [steward and manager of the palace. We meet this office here for the first time, an evidence of the growing size and magnificence of the court (cf. 1 Kings 18:3; 2 Kings 18:18; Isaiah 22:15). That such an officer was needed, the fact mentioned below (on ver. 23) as to the enormous size of the royal household will prove]: and Adoniram [see on 1 Kings 12:18] the son of Abda was over the tribute. [Marg. "levy," i.e., the forced labour (1 Kings 5:13, 14). See on 1 Kings 12:3.]

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Ahishar
וַאֲחִישָׁ֖ר (wa·’ă·ḥî·šār)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 301: Ahishar -- 'my brother has sung', one of Solomon's officials

[was] in charge of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the palace;
הַבָּ֑יִת (hab·bā·yiṯ)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1004: A house

and Adoniram
וַאֲדֹנִירָ֥ם (wa·’ă·ḏō·nî·rām)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 141: Adoniram -- 'my Lord is exalted', one of Solomon's leaders

son
בֶּן־ (ben-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1121: A son

of Abda
עַבְדָּ֖א (‘aḇ·dā)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 5653: Abda -- two Israelites

[was] in charge of
עַל־ (‘al-)
Preposition
Strong's 5921: Above, over, upon, against

the labor force.
הַמַּֽס׃ (ham·mas)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4522: Body of forced laborers, forced service, taskworkers, taskwork, serfdom


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OT History: 1 Kings 4:6 And Ahishar was over the household (1Ki iKi i Ki 1 Kg 1kg)
1 Kings 4:5
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