1 Peter 2:4
New International Version
As you come to him, the living Stone--rejected by humans but chosen by God and precious to him--

New Living Translation
You are coming to Christ, who is the living cornerstone of God’s temple. He was rejected by people, but he was chosen by God for great honor.

English Standard Version
As you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but in the sight of God chosen and precious,

Berean Study Bible
As you come to Him, the living stone, rejected by men but chosen and precious in God’s sight,

Berean Literal Bible
Coming to Him, a living stone, indeed rejected by men, but chosen and precious in the sight of God,

New American Standard Bible
And coming to Him as to a living stone which has been rejected by men, but is choice and precious in the sight of God,

King James Bible
To whom coming, as unto a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

Christian Standard Bible
As you come to him, a living stone--rejected by people but chosen and honored by God--

Contemporary English Version
Come to Jesus Christ. He is the living stone people have rejected, but which God has chosen and highly honored.

Good News Translation
Come to the Lord, the living stone rejected by people as worthless but chosen by God as valuable.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Coming to Him, a living stone--rejected by men but chosen and valuable to God--

International Standard Version
As you come to him, the living stone who was rejected by people but was chosen and precious in God's sight,

NET Bible
So as you come to him, a living stone rejected by men but chosen and priceless in God's sight,

New Heart English Bible
coming to him, a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God, precious.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
He to whom you draw near, The Living Stone, whom the children of men have rejected, and is chosen and precious to God.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
You are coming to Christ, the living stone who was rejected by humans but was chosen as precious by God.

New American Standard 1977
And coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected by men, but choice and precious in the sight of God,

Jubilee Bible 2000
coming unto whom (is the living Stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious),

King James 2000 Bible
To whom coming, as unto a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

American King James Version
To whom coming, as to a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,

American Standard Version
unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, precious,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Unto whom coming, as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen and made honourable by God:

Darby Bible Translation
To whom coming, a living stone, cast away indeed as worthless by men, but with God chosen, precious,

English Revised Version
unto whom coming, a living stone, rejected indeed of men, but with God elect, precious,

Webster's Bible Translation
To whom coming as to a living stone, disallowed indeed by men, but chosen by God, and precious,

Weymouth New Testament
Come to Him, the ever-living Stone, rejected indeed by men as worthless, but in God's esteem chosen and held in honour.

World English Bible
coming to him, a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by God, precious.

Young's Literal Translation
to whom coming -- a living stone -- by men, indeed, having been disapproved of, but with God choice, precious,
Study Bible
The Living Stone
3now that you have tasted that the Lord is good. 4As you come to Him, the living stone, rejected by men, but chosen and precious in God’s sight, 5you also, like living stones, are being built into a spiritual house to be a holy priesthood, offering spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ.…
Cross References
Isaiah 42:1
Here is My Servant, whom I uphold, My Chosen One, in whom My soul delights. I will put My Spirit on Him, and He will bring justice to the nations.

1 Corinthians 3:11
For no one can lay a foundation other than the one already laid, which is Jesus Christ.

1 Peter 2:7
To you who believe, then, this stone is precious. But to those who do not believe, "The stone the builders rejected has become the cornerstone,"

Treasury of Scripture

To whom coming, as to a living stone, disallowed indeed of men, but chosen of God, and precious,


Isaiah 55:3
Incline your ear, and come unto me: hear, and your soul shall live; and I will make an everlasting covenant with you, even the sure mercies of David.

Jeremiah 3:22
Return, ye backsliding children, and I will heal your backslidings. Behold, we come unto thee; for thou art the LORD our God.

Matthew 11:28
Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest.

a living.

John 5:26
For as the Father hath life in himself; so hath he given to the Son to have life in himself;

John 6:57
As the living Father hath sent me, and I live by the Father: so he that eateth me, even he shall live by me.

John 11:25,26
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: …


Isaiah 28:16
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD, Behold, I lay in Zion for a foundation a stone, a tried stone, a precious corner stone, a sure foundation: he that believeth shall not make haste.

Daniel 2:34,45
Thou sawest till that a stone was cut out without hands, which smote the image upon his feet that were of iron and clay, and brake them to pieces…

Zechariah 3:9
For behold the stone that I have laid before Joshua; upon one stone shall be seven eyes: behold, I will engrave the graving thereof, saith the LORD of hosts, and I will remove the iniquity of that land in one day.


Psalm 118:22,23
The stone which the builders refused is become the head stone of the corner…

Isaiah 8:14,15
And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem…

Matthew 21:42
Jesus saith unto them, Did ye never read in the scriptures, The stone which the builders rejected, the same is become the head of the corner: this is the Lord's doing, and it is marvellous in our eyes?


Isaiah 42:1
Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.

Matthew 12:18
Behold my servant, whom I have chosen; my beloved, in whom my soul is well pleased: I will put my spirit upon him, and he shall shew judgment to the Gentiles.


As you come
προσερχόμενοι (proserchomenoi)
Verb - Present Participle Middle or Passive - Nominative Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 4334: From pros and erchomai; to approach, i.e. come near, visit, or worship, assent to.

Πρὸς (Pros)
Strong's Greek 4314: To, towards, with. A strengthened form of pro; a preposition of direction; forward to, i.e. Toward.

ὃν (hon)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3739: Who, which, what, that.

[the] living
ζῶντα (zōnta)
Verb - Present Participle Active - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2198: To live, be alive. A primary verb; to live.

λίθον (lithon)
Noun - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 3037: A stone; met: of Jesus as the chief stone in a building. Apparently a primary word; a stone.

ἀποδεδοκιμασμένον (apodedokimasmenon)
Verb - Perfect Participle Middle or Passive - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 593: To reject after testing (examination), disqualify. From apo and dokimazo; to disapprove, i.e. to repudiate.

ὑπὸ (hypo)
Strong's Greek 5259: A primary preposition; under, i.e. of place, or with verbs; of place (underneath) or where (below) or time (when).

ἀνθρώπων (anthrōpōn)
Noun - Genitive Masculine Plural
Strong's Greek 444: A man, one of the human race. From aner and ops; man-faced, i.e. A human being.

δὲ (de)
Strong's Greek 1161: A primary particle; but, and, etc.

ἐκλεκτὸν (eklekton)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1588: From eklegomai; select; by implication, favorite.

[and] precious
ἔντιμον (entimon)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 1784: (held precious, hence) precious, honored, honorable in rank. From en and time; valued.

in God’s
Θεῷ (Theō)
Noun - Dative Masculine Singular
Strong's Greek 2316: A deity, especially the supreme Divinity; figuratively, a magistrate; by Hebraism, very.

παρὰ (para)
Strong's Greek 3844: Gen: from; dat: beside, in the presence of; acc: alongside of.
(4) To whom coming.--The word used is that which gives rise to the name of a "proselyte." (Comp. Note on 1Peter 2:2.) It is also strangely used in something of the same sense in 1Timothy 6:3. "Joining Him therefore as proselytes." Not that St. Peter has any notion of a mere external accession. The Apostolic writers do not contemplate the possibility of a difference between the visible and invisible Church. From this point the regeneration-idea, which coloured the whole of the preceding portion of the Epistle, suddenly disappears. The thought is no longer that of a spiritual seed instead of a carnal seed, but of a spiritual Temple instead of the stone temple at Jerusalem.

A living stone.--The very structure and order of the sentence puts Jesus Christ first. Foundation first, building afterwards. It is a pity to insert "as unto" with our version; it takes off from the striking, attracting effect of the sudden metaphor. St. Peter is fond of explaining his metaphors--e.g., "inheritance . . . in heaven," "tested genuineness . . . more precious than of gold," "gird up . . . loins of your minds:" so here, "living stone." It is more than doubtful whether St. Peter, in what follows, had before his mind the giving of his own surname. The word which he here uses is neither petros, nor petra, but lithos; and indeed the whole idea of the relative position of the Church to the petra and to the lithos is quite different. Neither petros nor petra could possibly be used of the squared wrought stone, but represent the native rocky unhewn substratum--part, or whole--which pre-exists before any building is begun, even before the "chief corner-stone" would be placed. (Comp. Matthew 7:24.) Here, therefore, the idea is quite different: the substratum is not thought of at all; and Jesus Christ is a carefully selected and hewn stone (lithos), specially laid as the first act in the work of building. The only thing, therefore, which is, in fact, common to the two passages is the simple thought of the Christian Church being like a building. Our present verse gives us no direct help towards finding how St. Peter understood the famous name-passage. All we can say for certain is that he did not so interpret it as to suppose an official connection with his own person to be the one essential of the true Church, or else in again using the metaphor of building the Church (though in a different connection) he could hardly have omitted all mention of himself. He is, apparently, thinking only of the Messianic interpretation of Old Testament sayings as expounded by our Lord--the "unsophisticated milk of the word" of 1Peter 2:2.

Disallowed indeed of men.--A direct reference to the passage (Psalm 118:22), which is quoted below in 1Peter 2:7. It here says "men," rather than "builders," in order to contrast them more forcibly with God. The word "disallowed," or "rejected," implies a form of trial or probation which comes to an unsatisfactory conclusion. The human builders examine the stone, inspect all its qualifications, and find it unsuited to the edifice which they have in hand, and refuse it not only the place of honour, but any place at all, in their architecture. St. Peter wishes to bring out strongly the absolute opposition between God and the Jews.

But chosen of God, and precious.--Literally, but with God elect, honoured. This is a direct allusion to the passage, Isaiah 28:16, which is quoted in 1Peter 2:6. While the human builders saw the qualities of the stone, and rejected it because of its not fitting in with their ideal, on the other hand, "with God," i.e., in God's counsel and plan, it was "elect," i.e., choice had been laid upon it, it had been selected for God's building purposes; and not only "elect" (for this might be equally said of all the "living stones;" see 1Peter 1:2, where the word has precisely the same meaning), but also "honoured," which is further explained to mean, singled out for the place of honour, i.e., for that of corner-stone. The designation of this stone as "elect," brings out again what we have had in 1Peter 1:11; 1Peter 1:20, viz., the eternal predestination of Jesus to the Messiahship.

Verse 4. - To whom coming as unto a living stone. Omit the words, "as unto," which are not in the Greek, and weaken the sense. The participle is present; the Christian must be ever coming to Christ, riot only once for all, but always, every day. The ', living Stone" is Christ; the "Lord" of Psalm 34:8 is Jehovah. St. Peter passes from the figure of milk to that of a chief cornerstone. So St. Paul, in 1 Corinthians 3, after saying that he had fed his Corinthian converts "with milk, and not with meat," passes first to the figure of laborers on the land, and then to that of builders upon the one foundation "which is Jesus Christ." This, like so many other coincidences, indicates St. Peter's knowledge of St. Paul's Epistles. St. Peter may have been thinking of his own name, the name which Christ gave him when Andrew brought him to the Lord; though the Greek word here is not πέτρα or πέτρος, but λίθος ( νοτ the solid native rock on which the temple is built, nor a piece of rock, an unhewn stone, but a stone shaped and wrought, chosen for a chief corner-stone. But the apostle does not mention himself; he omits all reference to his own position in the spiritual building; he wishes to direct his readers only to Christ. He is plainly referring to the Lord's own words in Matthew 21:42, where Christ applies to himself the language of Psalm 118, He described himself as a Stone; St. Peter adds the epithet "living" (λίθον ζῶντα). The figure of a stone is inadequate, all figures are inadequate, to represent heavenly mysteries. This stone is not, like the stones of earth, an inert mass; it is living, full of life; nay, it gives life, as well as strength and coherence, to the stones which are built upon it: for the Lord hath life in himself - he is risen from the dead, and is alive for evermore. Disallowed indeed of men. St. Peter slightly varies the quotation, and attributes to men in general the rejection ascribed in the psalm and in the Gospel to the "builders." "He was despised and rejected of men." In his speech before the Sanhedrin (Acts 4:11), he had directly applied the prophecy to the chief priests. But chosen of God, and precious; rather, as the Revised Version, with God elect, precious, or perhaps better, honored; a reference to Isaiah 28:16. He was rejected of the builders, but chosen of God; despised of men, but with God held in honor. The adjective is not the same as that rendered "precious" in 1 Peter 1:19: τίμος there marks the preciousness of the blood of Christ in itself; ἔντιμος here, the honor with which God "hath highly exalted him." 2:1-10 Evil-speaking is a sign of malice and guile in the heart; and hinders our profiting by the word of God. A new life needs suitable food. Infants desire milk, and make the best endeavours for it which they are able to do; such must be a Christian's desires after the word of God. Our Lord Jesus Christ is very merciful to us miserable sinners; and he has a fulness of grace. But even the best of God's servants, in this life, have only a taste of the consolations of God. Christ is called a Stone, to teach his servants that he is their protection and security, the foundation on which they are built. He is precious in the excellence of his nature, the dignity of his office, and the glory of his services. All true believers are a holy priesthood; sacred to God, serviceable to others, endowed with heavenly gifts and graces. But the most spiritual sacrifices of the best in prayer and praise are not acceptable, except through Jesus Christ. Christ is the chief Corner-stone, that unites the whole number of believers into one everlasting temple, and bears the weight of the whole fabric. Elected, or chosen, for a foundation that is everlasting. Precious beyond compare, by all that can give worth. To be built on Christ means, to believe in him; but in this many deceive themselves, they consider not what it is, nor the necessity of it, to partake of the salvation he has wrought. Though the frame of the world were falling to pieces, that man who is built on this foundation may hear it without fear. He shall not be confounded. The believing soul makes haste to Christ, but it never finds cause to hasten from him. All true Christians are a chosen generation; they make one family, a people distinct from the world: of another spirit, principle, and practice; which they could never be, if they were not chosen in Christ to be such, and sanctified by his Spirit. Their first state is a state of gross darkness, but they are called out of darkness into a state of joy, pleasure, and prosperity; that they should show forth the praises of the Lord by their profession of his truth, and their good conduct. How vast their obligations to Him who has made them his people, and has shown mercy to them! To be without this mercy is a woful state, though a man have all worldly enjoyments. And there is nothing that so kindly works repentance, as right thoughts of the mercy and love of God. Let us not dare to abuse and affront the free grace of God, if we mean to be saved by it; but let all who would be found among those who obtain mercy, walk as his people.
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Alphabetical: a and As been but by choice chosen come coming God has him in is living men of precious rejected sight Stone the to which you

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