1 Samuel 7:17
New International Version
But he always went back to Ramah, where his home was, and there he also held court for Israel. And he built an altar there to the LORD.

New Living Translation
Then he would return to his home at Ramah, and he would hear cases there, too. And Samuel built an altar to the LORD at Ramah.

English Standard Version
Then he would return to Ramah, for his home was there, and there also he judged Israel. And he built there an altar to the LORD.

Berean Study Bible
Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, and there he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD.

King James Bible
And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar unto the LORD.

New King James Version
But he always returned to Ramah, for his home was there. There he judged Israel, and there he built an altar to the LORD.

New American Standard Bible
Then he would make his return to Ramah, because his house was there, and there he also judged Israel; and there he built an altar to the LORD.

NASB 1995
Then his return was to Ramah, for his house was there, and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar to the LORD.

NASB 1977
Then his return was to Ramah, for his house was there, and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar to the LORD.

Amplified Bible
Then he would return to Ramah, because his home was there; and there he judged Israel, and there he built an altar to the LORD.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, he judged Israel there, and he built an altar to the LORD there.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, he judged Israel there, and he built an altar to the LORD there.

American Standard Version
And his return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar unto Jehovah.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he returned to Ramtha because his house was there, and there he judged Israel and he built an altar there to LORD JEHOVAH

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And his return was to Armathaim, because there was his house; and there he judged Israel, and built there an altar to the Lord.

Contemporary English Version
Then he would go back to his home in Ramah and do the same thing there. He also had an altar built for the LORD at Ramah.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he returned to Ramatha, for there was his house, and there he judged Israel: he built also there an altar to the Lord.

English Revised Version
And his return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar unto the LORD.

Good News Translation
Then he would go back to his home in Ramah, where also he would serve as judge. In Ramah he built an altar to the LORD.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Then he would return home to Ramah. There, too, he judged Israel. And in Ramah he built an altar to the LORD.

International Standard Version
He would return to Ramah because his house was there, and judged Israel from there. He also built an altar to the LORD there.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And his return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and he built there an altar unto the LORD.

Literal Standard Version
and his returning [is] to Ramath, for his house [is] there, and he has judged Israel there, and he builds an altar to YHWH there.

NET Bible
Then he would return to Ramah, because his home was there. He also judged Israel there and built an altar to the LORD there.

New Heart English Bible
His return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar to the LORD.

World English Bible
His return was to Ramah, for there was his house; and there he judged Israel: and he built there an altar to Yahweh.

Young's Literal Translation
and his returning is to Ramath, for there is his house, and there he hath judged Israel, and he buildeth there an altar to Jehovah.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Samuel Subdues the Philistines
16Every year he would go on a circuit from Bethel to Gilgal to Mizpah, judging Israel in all these places. 17Then he would return to Ramah because his home was there, and there he judged Israel and built an altar to the LORD.

Cross References
Judges 21:4
The next day the people got up early, built an altar there, and presented burnt offerings and peace offerings.

1 Samuel 1:1
Now there was a man named Elkanah who was from Ramathaim-zophim in the hill country of Ephraim. He was the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephraimite.

1 Samuel 1:19
The next morning Elkanah and Hannah got up early to bow in worship before the LORD, and then returned home to Ramah. And Elkanah had relations with his wife Hannah, and the LORD remembered her.

1 Samuel 2:11
Then Elkanah went home to Ramah, but the boy began ministering to the LORD before Eli the priest.

1 Samuel 8:4
So all the elders of Israel gathered together and came to Samuel at Ramah.

1 Samuel 9:12
"Yes, he is ahead of you," they answered. "Hurry now, for today he has come to the city because the people have a sacrifice on the high place.

1 Samuel 14:35
Then Saul built an altar to the LORD; it was the first time he had built an altar to the LORD.


Treasury of Scripture

And his return was to Ramah; for there was his house; and there he judged Israel; and there he built an altar to the LORD.

his return

1 Samuel 1:1,19
Now there was a certain man of Ramathaimzophim, of mount Ephraim, and his name was Elkanah, the son of Jeroham, the son of Elihu, the son of Tohu, the son of Zuph, an Ephrathite: …

1 Samuel 8:4
Then all the elders of Israel gathered themselves together, and came to Samuel unto Ramah,

1 Samuel 19:18-23
So David fled, and escaped, and came to Samuel to Ramah, and told him all that Saul had done to him. And he and Samuel went and dwelt in Naioth…

he built

1 Samuel 11:15
And all the people went to Gilgal; and there they made Saul king before the LORD in Gilgal; and there they sacrificed sacrifices of peace offerings before the LORD; and there Saul and all the men of Israel rejoiced greatly.

Genesis 12:7,8
And the LORD appeared unto Abram, and said, Unto thy seed will I give this land: and there builded he an altar unto the LORD, who appeared unto him…

Genesis 33:20
And he erected there an altar, and called it EleloheIsrael.









(17) Raman.--The same Ramah "of the Watchers" where Elkanah and Hannah had dwelt. After the destruction of Shiloh, Samuel seems to have fixed his abode in his father's city.

And there he built an altar.--Thus following the old custom of the patriarchs. It must be remembered that at this period there was no national sanctuary, no formal seat of worship, where the high priest and his attendant priests and Levites served. The Ark, we know, was in safe keeping in the "city of woods," Kirjath-jearim, but it was in private custody; and we hear of no priests and Levites, of no ritual or religious observances, in connection with the long sojourn of the holy Ark in that place. It is probable that the sacred vessels and furniture had been saved from the destruction of Shiloh by Samuel. These were, very likely, in the prophet-judge's safe keeping at Bamah.

Verse 17. - His return was to Ramah. We have seen that Elkanah was a large landholder there, and Samuel had now apparently succeeded to his father's place. And there he built an altar unto Jehovah. This old patriarchal custom (Genesis 12:7) long continued, and it was only gradually that local shrines and worship on high places were superseded by attendance upon the temple services at Jerusalem. At this time there was especial need for such altars. The established worship at Shiloh had been swept away, the town destroyed, the priests put to the sword, and the ark, though restored, was resting in a private dwelling. Probably Samuel had saved the sacred vessels, and much even of the tabernacle, but no mention of them is here made. We see, however, both in the erection of this altar and all through Samuel's life, that the Aaronic priesthood was in abeyance, and that he was not only prophet and judge, but also priest. In thus restoring the priesthood in his own person he was justified not merely by his powers as prophet, but by necessity. Gradually, with more prosperous times, matters returned to their regular channel; but even when Ahiah, the grandson of Eli, was with Saul (1 Samuel 14:3), he was employed not for the offering of sacrifice, but for divining with the Urim and Thummim. On a most important occasion the offering of sacrifice is spoken of as undoubtedly Samuel's right, and when he delayed his coming no mention is made of a priest, but Saul is said to have offered the victim himself (1 Samuel 13:9). It is plain, therefore, that we must not tie down the priesthood too tightly to the house of Aaron; for throughout there lies in the background the idea of a higher priesthood, and with this Samuel was invested, as being a type of him who is a Priest forever after the order of Melchisedek (comp. 1 Samuel 2:35).



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then he would return
וּתְשֻׁבָת֤וֹ (ū·ṯə·šu·ḇā·ṯōw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 8666: A recurrence, a reply

to Ramah
הָרָמָ֙תָה֙ (hā·rā·mā·ṯāh)
Article | Noun - proper - feminine singular | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7414: Ramah -- 'height', the name of several places in Israel

because
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

his home
בֵּית֔וֹ (bê·ṯōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1004: A house

was there,
שָׁ֣ם (šām)
Adverb
Strong's 8033: There, then, thither

and there
וְשָׁ֖ם (wə·šām)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's 8033: There, then, thither

he judged
שָׁפָ֣ט (šā·p̄āṭ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 8199: To judge, pronounce sentence, to vindicate, punish, to govern, to litigate

Israel
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and built
וַיִּֽבֶן־ (way·yi·ḇen-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1129: To build

an altar
מִזְבֵּ֖חַ (miz·bê·aḥ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 4196: An altar

to the LORD.
לַֽיהוָֽה׃ (Yah·weh)
Preposition-l | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel


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OT History: 1 Samuel 7:17 His return was to Ramah for there (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 7:16
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