2 Samuel 5:18
New International Version
Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim;

New Living Translation
The Philistines arrived and spread out across the valley of Rephaim.

English Standard Version
Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

Berean Study Bible
Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

King James Bible
The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

New King James Version
The Philistines also went and deployed themselves in the Valley of Rephaim.

New American Standard Bible
Now the Philistines came and overran the Valley of Rephaim.

NASB 1995
Now the Philistines came and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.

NASB 1977
Now the Philistines came and spread themselves out in the valley of Rephaim.

Amplified Bible
Now the Philistines had come and spread out [for battle] in the Valley of Rephaim.

Christian Standard Bible
So the Philistines came and spread out in Rephaim Valley.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So the Philistines came and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

American Standard Version
Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And the Philistines came and they camped in the Valley of the Giants

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Philistines came, and assembled in the valley of the giants.

Contemporary English Version
So the Philistines camped in Rephaim Valley.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Philistines coming spread themselves in the valley of Raphaim.

English Revised Version
Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Good News Translation
The Philistines arrived at Rephaim Valley and occupied it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The Philistines had come and overrun the valley of Rephaim.

International Standard Version
Meanwhile, the Philistines arrived and encamped in the Rephaim Valley,

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Literal Standard Version
and the Philistines have come, and are spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

NET Bible
Now the Philistines had arrived and spread out in the valley of Rephaim.

New Heart English Bible
Now the Philistines came and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

World English Bible
Now the Philistines had come and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

Young's Literal Translation
and the Philistines have come, and are spread out in the valley of Rephaim.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Two Victories over the Philistines
17When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they all went in search of him; but David learned of this and went down to the stronghold. 18Now the Philistines had come and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim. 19So David inquired of the LORD, “Should I go up against the Philistines? Will You deliver them into my hand?” “Go,” replied the LORD, “for I will surely deliver the Philistines into your hand.”…

Cross References
Genesis 14:5
In the fourteenth year, Chedorlaomer and the kings allied with him went out and defeated the Rephaites in Ashteroth-karnaim, the Zuzites in Ham, the Emites in Shaveh-kiriathaim,

Joshua 15:8
From there the border went up the Valley of Hinnom along the southern slope of the Jebusites (that is, Jerusalem) and ascended to the top of the hill that faces the Valley of Hinnom on the west, at the northern end of the Valley of Rephaim.

Joshua 17:15
Joshua answered them, "If you have so many people that the hill country of Ephraim is too small for you, go to the forest and clear for yourself an area in the land of the Perizzites and the Rephaim."

Joshua 18:16
Then it went down to the foot of the hill that faces the Valley of Hinnom at the northern end of the Valley of Rephaim and ran down the Valley of Hinnom toward the southern slope of the Jebusites and downward to En-rogel.

2 Samuel 5:22
Once again the Philistines came up and spread out in the Valley of Rephaim.

2 Samuel 23:13
At harvest time, three of the thirty chief men went down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a company of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.

Isaiah 17:5
as the reaper gathers the standing grain and harvests the ears with his arm, as one gleans heads of grain in the Valley of Rephaim.


Treasury of Scripture

The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.

the valley

2 Samuel 23:13
And three of the thirty chief went down, and came to David in the harvest time unto the cave of Adullam: and the troop of the Philistines pitched in the valley of Rephaim.

Genesis 14:5
And in the fourteenth year came Chedorlaomer, and the kings that were with him, and smote the Rephaims in Ashteroth Karnaim, and the Zuzims in Ham, and the Emims in Shaveh Kiriathaim,

Joshua 15:8
And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward:









(18) Rephaim.--Translated in Joshua 15:8, the valley of the giants. It was a fruitful valley, stretching some three miles S. and S.W. from Jerusalem, and only separated from the valley of Hinnom by a narrow ridge. It gave ample room for a large encampment, and its situation is an additional proof that the capture of Jerusalem had already been made, since the Philistines came here "to seek David." They had, however, encamped in the same place at earlier times also (see 2Samuel 23:13).

Verse 18. - The valley of Rephaim. This fruitful valley (Isaiah 17:5) is about three miles in length, and two in breadth. Occupying it in vast numbers, the Philistines sent out bodies of men to plunder the whole country, while a sufficient force watched Jerusalem, intending to take it by famine. The Rephaim were an aboriginal race, first mentioned in Genesis 14:5, and evidently in early times very widely spread in Palestine. The idea that they were giants has no more to be said in its favour than that they were ghosts - the meaning of the word in Isaiah 26:14, 19. No sensible philologist will endeavour to explain the names of these primitive races and of their towns by Hebrew roots, though there has been too much of this craze in past times. The Rephaim seem. however, to have been physically a well-developed people, and several races of Canaan of great stature are described in Deuteronomy 2:11 as having belonged to them, as did Og, who was a man of extraordinary dimensions (Deuteronomy 3:11).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now the Philistines
וּפְלִשְׁתִּ֖ים (ū·p̄ə·liš·tîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

had come
בָּ֑אוּ (bā·’ū)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

and spread out
וַיִּנָּטְשׁ֖וּ (way·yin·nā·ṭə·šū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 5203: To pound, smite, to disperse, to thrust off, down, out, upon

in the Valley
בְּעֵ֥מֶק (bə·‘ê·meq)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6010: A vale

of Rephaim.
רְפָאִֽים׃ (rə·p̄ā·’îm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 7497: Rephaim -- inhabitants of an area East of the Jordan


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OT History: 2 Samuel 5:18 Now the Philistines had come and spread (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 5:17
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