2 Samuel 21:15
New International Version
Once again there was a battle between the Philistines and Israel. David went down with his men to fight against the Philistines, and he became exhausted.

New Living Translation
Once again the Philistines were at war with Israel. And when David and his men were in the thick of battle, David became weak and exhausted.

English Standard Version
There was war again between the Philistines and Israel, and David went down together with his servants, and they fought against the Philistines. And David grew weary.

Berean Study Bible
Once again the Philistines waged war against Israel, and David and his servants went down and fought against the Philistines; but David became exhausted.

King James Bible
Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.

New King James Version
When the Philistines were at war again with Israel, David and his servants with him went down and fought against the Philistines; and David grew faint.

New American Standard Bible
Now when the Philistines were at war with Israel again, David went down, and his servants with him; and when they fought against the Philistines, David became weary.

NASB 1995
Now when the Philistines were at war again with Israel, David went down and his servants with him; and as they fought against the Philistines, David became weary.

NASB 1977
Now when the Philistines were at war again with Israel, David went down and his servants with him; and as they fought against the Philistines, David became weary.

Amplified Bible
Now the Philistines were at war again with Israel. David went down with his servants, and as they fought against the Philistines, David became weary.

Christian Standard Bible
The Philistines again waged war against Israel. David went down with his soldiers, and they fought the Philistines, but David became exhausted.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
The Philistines again waged war against Israel. David went down with his soldiers, and they fought the Philistines, but David became exhausted.

American Standard Version
And the Philistines had war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines. And David waxed faint;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And there was again war for the Philistines with Israel, and David came down, and his Servants with him, to fight with the Philistines

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And there was yet war between the Philistines and Israel: and David went down and his servants with him, and they fought with the Philistines, and David went.

Contemporary English Version
One time David got very tired when he and his soldiers were fighting the Philistines.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Philistines made war again against Israel, and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines. And David growing faint,

English Revised Version
And the Philistines had war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.

Good News Translation
There was another war between the Philistines and Israel, and David and his men went and fought the Philistines. During one of the battles David grew tired.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Once again there was a battle between the Philistines and Israel. So David and his men went to fight the Philistines, but David became exhausted.

International Standard Version
Afterwards, war broke out between the Philistines and Israel, so David went down to fight the Philistines. David became weary,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the Philistines had war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines; and David waxed faint.

Literal Standard Version
And again the Philistines have war with Israel, and David goes down, and his servants with him, and they fight with the Philistines; and David is weary,

NET Bible
Another battle was fought between the Philistines and Israel. So David went down with his soldiers and fought the Philistines. David became exhausted.

New Heart English Bible
The Philistines had war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines, and David became exhausted.

World English Bible
The Philistines had war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines. David grew faint;

Young's Literal Translation
And again have the Philistines war with Israel, and David goeth down, and his servants with him, and they fight with the Philistines; and David is weary,

Additional Translations ...
Context
Four Battles Against the Philistines
15Once again the Philistines waged war against Israel, and David and his servants went down and fought against the Philistines; but David became exhausted. 16Then Ishbi-benob, a descendant of Rapha, whose bronze spear weighed three hundred shekels and who was bearing a new sword, resolved to kill David.…

Cross References
2 Samuel 5:17
When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king over Israel, they all went in search of him; but David learned of this and went down to the stronghold.

2 Samuel 21:16
Then Ishbi-benob, a descendant of Rapha, whose bronze spear weighed three hundred shekels and who was bearing a new sword, resolved to kill David.


Treasury of Scripture

Moreover the Philistines had yet war again with Israel; and David went down, and his servants with him, and fought against the Philistines: and David waxed faint.

the Philistines

2 Samuel 5:17,22
But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold…

1 Chronicles 20:4
And it came to pass after this, that there arose war at Gezer with the Philistines; at which time Sibbechai the Hushathite slew Sippai, that was of the children of the giant: and they were subdued.

and David waxed faint

Joshua 14:10,11
And now, behold, the LORD hath kept me alive, as he said, these forty and five years, even since the LORD spake this word unto Moses, while the children of Israel wandered in the wilderness: and now, lo, I am this day fourscore and five years old…

Psalm 71:9,18
Cast me not off in the time of old age; forsake me not when my strength faileth…

Psalm 73:26
My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.









(15) Had yet war again.--This, like the preceding narrative, bears no note of time except that it occurred after some other wars with the Philistines; but this is only to say that it was after David ascended the throne. From the latter part of 2Samuel 21:17 it is plain that it must have been after David had become king of all Israel, and probably after he had become somewhat advanced in years. In 1Chronicles 20:4-8 much the same paragraph is placed immediately after the war with Ammon; but this seems to be a mere juxta-position rather than designed as a chronological sequence.

Verse 15. - Moreover. A new narrative begins here, and the heroic acts related in it are taken probably from some record of the martial deeds of David and his mighties. We have already seen that the Book of Jasher (2 Samuel 1:18) was a national anthology, full of ballads and songs in praise of glorious exploits of Israel's worthies. The source of the narratives recorded here apparently was a history in prose, and commenced, perhaps, with David's own achievement in slaying Goliath - a deed which celled forth the heroism of the nation, and was emulated by other brave men. These extracts were probably given for their own sake, and are repeated in 1 Chronicles 20:4-8, where they are placed immediately after the capture of Rabbah; but they here form an appropriate introduction to the psalm of thanksgiving in ch. 22. It was usual in Hebrew, in making quotations, to leave them without any attempt at adapting them to their new place; and thus the "moreover" and "yet again," which referred to some previous narrative in the history, are left unchanged.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Once again
ע֧וֹד (‘ō·wḏ)
Adverb
Strong's 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

the Philistines
לַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים (lap·pə·liš·tîm)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

waged war
מִלְחָמָ֛ה (mil·ḥā·māh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4421: A battle, war

against
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Preposition
Strong's 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

Israel,
יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל (yiś·rā·’êl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3478: Israel -- 'God strives', another name of Jacob and his desc

and David
דָּוִ֜ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

and his servants
וַעֲבָדָ֥יו (wa·‘ă·ḇā·ḏāw)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5650: Slave, servant

went down
וַיֵּ֨רֶד (way·yê·reḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3381: To come or go down, descend

and fought
וַיִּלָּחֲמ֥וּ (way·yil·lā·ḥă·mū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 3898: To feed on, to consume, to battle

against
אֶת־ (’eṯ-)
Preposition
Strong's 854: Nearness, near, with, by, at, among

the Philistines;
פְּלִשְׁתִּ֖ים (pə·liš·tîm)
Noun - proper - masculine plural
Strong's 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

but David
דָּוִֽד׃ (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

became exhausted.
וַיָּ֥עַף (way·yā·‘ap̄)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5774: To fly, to faint


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OT History: 2 Samuel 21:15 The Philistines had war again with Israel (2Sa iiSam 2 Sam ii sam)
2 Samuel 21:14
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