1 Samuel 17:48
New International Version
As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him.

New Living Translation
As Goliath moved closer to attack, David quickly ran out to meet him.

English Standard Version
When the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

Berean Study Bible
As the Philistine started forward to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him.

King James Bible
And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hasted, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

New King James Version
So it was, when the Philistine arose and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

New American Standard Bible
Then it happened, when the Philistine came closer to meet David, that David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

NASB 1995
Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

NASB 1977
Then it happened when the Philistine rose and came and drew near to meet David, that David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

Amplified Bible
When the Philistine rose and came forward to meet David, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet the Philistine.

Christian Standard Bible
When the Philistine started forward to attack him, David ran quickly to the battle line to meet the Philistine.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
When the Philistine started forward to attack him, David ran quickly to the battle line to meet the Philistine.

American Standard Version
And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And the Philistine arose and went to meet David.

Contemporary English Version
When Goliath started forward, David ran toward him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And when the Philistine arose and was coming, and drew nigh to meet David, David made haste, and ran to the fight to meet the Philistine.

English Revised Version
And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

Good News Translation
Goliath started walking toward David again, and David ran quickly toward the Philistine battle line to fight him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
When the Philistine moved closer in order to attack, David quickly ran toward the opposing battle line to attack the Philistine.

International Standard Version
When the Philistine got up and came closer to meet David, David quickly ran to the battle line to meet the Philistine.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew nigh to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

Literal Standard Version
And it has come to pass, that the Philistine has risen, and goes, and draws near to meet David, and David hurries and runs to the rank to meet the Philistine,

NET Bible
The Philistine drew steadily closer to David to attack him, while David quickly ran toward the battle line to attack the Philistine.

New Heart English Bible
It happened, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

World English Bible
It happened, when the Philistine arose, and came and drew near to meet David, that David hurried, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

Young's Literal Translation
And it hath come to pass, that the Philistine hath risen, and goeth, and draweth near to meet David, and David hasteth and runneth to the rank to meet the Philistine,

Additional Translations ...
Study Bible
David Slays Goliath
47And all those assembled here will know that it is not by sword or spear that the LORD saves; for the battle is the LORD’s, and He will give all of you into our hands.” 48 As the Philistine started forward to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. 49Then David reached into his bag, took out a stone, and slung it, striking the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 17:49
Then David reached into his bag, took out a stone, and slung it, striking the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.

Psalm 27:3
Though an army encamps around me, my heart will not fear; though a war breaks out against me, I will keep my trust.


Treasury of Scripture

And it came to pass, when the Philistine arose, and came, and drew near to meet David, that David hastened, and ran toward the army to meet the Philistine.

David hasted

Psalm 27:1
A Psalm of David. The LORD is my light and my salvation; whom shall I fear? the LORD is the strength of my life; of whom shall I be afraid?

Proverbs 28:1
The wicked flee when no man pursueth: but the righteous are bold as a lion.









Verses 48, 49. - When the Philistine arose. Apparently he was seated, as was the rule with armies in ancient times when not engaged in conflict (comp. ver. 52). When, then, he saw David emerge from the ravine, he rose, and, carrying his vast load of armour, moved slowly towards his enemy, trying to frighten him by his curses. David, meanwhile, in his light equipment, ran towards the army, Hebrew, "the rank," i.e. the Philistine line, in front of which Goliath had been sitting. As the giant's helmet had no visor, that protection not having as yet been invented, and his shield was still carried by his armour bearer, his face was exposed to David's missiles. And in those days, before firearms were invented, men by constant practice "could sling stones at a hair-breadth, and not miss" (Judges 20:16). And even if David were not quite as skilful as those Benjamites, yet, as the giant could move only very slowly, the chances were that he would hit him with one or more of his five pebbles. As it was, he struck him at his first attempt upon the forehead with such force that Goliath was stunned, and fell down upon his face to the ground.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Lexicon
As
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

the Philistine
הַפְּלִשְׁתִּ֔י (hap·pə·liš·tî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia

started
וַיֵּ֥לֶךְ (way·yê·leḵ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1980: To go, come, walk

forward
וַיִּקְרַ֖ב (way·yiq·raḇ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7126: To come near, approach

to attack
לִקְרַ֣את (liq·raṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7122: To encounter, befall

him,
דָּוִ֑ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

David
דָּוִ֔ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse

ran
וַיָּ֥רָץ (way·yā·rāṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7323: To run

quickly
וַיְמַהֵ֣ר (way·ma·hêr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4116: To be liquid, flow easily, to hurry, promptly

toward the battle line
הַמַּעֲרָכָ֖ה (ham·ma·‘ă·rā·ḵāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4634: An arrangement, a pile, a military array

to meet
לִקְרַ֥את (liq·raṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's Hebrew 7122: To encounter, befall

him.
הַפְּלִשְׁתִּֽי׃ (hap·pə·liš·tî)
Article | Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6430: Philistines -- inhabitants of Philistia


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OT History: 1 Samuel 17:48 It happened when the Philistine arose (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 17:47
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