Romans 9:18
Good News Translation
So then, God has mercy on anyone he wishes, and he makes stubborn anyone he wishes.

Contemporary English Version
Everything depends on what God decides to do, and he can either have pity on people or make them stubborn.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will. And whom he will, he hardeneth.

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will. And whom he will, he hardeneth.

hath.

Romans 9:15,16 For he saith to Moses: I will have mercy on whom I will have mercy. And I will shew mercy to whom I will shew mercy. . . .

Romans 5:20,21 Now the law entered in that sin might abound. And where sin abounded, grace did more abound. . . .

Ephesians 1:6 Unto the praise of the glory of his grace, in which he hath graced us, in his beloved son.

will he.

Romans 1:24-28 Wherefore, God gave them up to the desires of their heart, unto uncleanness: to dishonour their own bodies among themselves. . . .

Romans 11:7,8 What then? That which Israel sought, he hath not obtained: but the election hath obtained it. And the rest have been blinded. . . .

See on

Exodus 4:21 And the Lord said to him as he was returning into Egypt: See that thou do all the wonders before Pharao, which I have put in thy hand: I shall harden his heart, and he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:13 And Pharao's heart was hardened, and he did not hearken to them, as the Lord had commanded.

Deuteronomy 2:30 And Sehon the king of Hesebon would not let us pass: because the Lord thy God had hardened his spirit, and fixed his heart, that he might be delivered into thy hands, as now thou seest.

Joshua 11:20 For it was the sentence of the Lord, that their hearts should be hardened, and they should fight against Israel, and fall, and should not deserve any clemency, and should be destroyed as the Lord had commanded Moses.

Isaiah 63:17 Why hast thou made us to err, O Lord, from thy ways: why hast thou hardened our heart, that we should not fear thee? return for the sake of thy servants, the tribes of thy inheritance.

Matthew 13:14,15 And the prophecy of Isaias is fulfilled in them, who saith: By hearing you shall hear, and shall not understand: and seeing you shall see, and shall not perceive. . . .

Acts 28:26-28 Saying: Go to this people and say to them: With the ear you shall hear and shall not understand: and seeing you shall see and shall not perceive. . . .

2 Thessalonians 2:10-12 And in all seduction of iniquity to them that perish: because they receive not the love of the truth, that they might be saved. Therefore God shall send them the operation of error, to believe lying: . . .

Context
God's Sovereign Choice
17For the scripture saith to Pharao: To this purpose have I raised thee, that I may shew my power in thee and that my name may be declared throughout all the earth. 18Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will. And whom he will, he hardeneth. 19Thou wilt say therefore to me: Why doth he then find fault? For who resisteth his will?…
Cross References
Exodus 4:21
And the Lord said to him as he was returning into Egypt: See that thou do all the wonders before Pharao, which I have put in thy hand: I shall harden his heart, and he will not let the people go.

Exodus 7:3
But I shall harden his heart, and shall multiply my signs and wonders in the land of Egypt.

Exodus 9:12
And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he hearkened not unto them, as the Lord had spoken to Moses.

Exodus 10:1
And the Lord said to Moses: Go in to Pharao; for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants: that I may work these my signs in him,

Exodus 10:20
And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go.

Exodus 10:27
And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, and he would not let them go.

Exodus 11:10
And Moses and Aaron did all the wonders that are written, before Pharao. And the Lord hardened Pharao's heart, neither did he let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Exodus 14:4
And I shall harden his heart and he will pursue you: and I shall be glorified in Pharao, and in all his army: and the Egyptians shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so.

Exodus 14:17
And I will harden the heart of the Egyptians to pursue you: and I will be glorified in Pharao, and in all his host, and in his chariots and in his horsemen.

Deuteronomy 2:30
And Sehon the king of Hesebon would not let us pass: because the Lord thy God had hardened his spirit, and fixed his heart, that he might be delivered into thy hands, as now thou seest.

Joshua 11:20
For it was the sentence of the Lord, that their hearts should be hardened, and they should fight against Israel, and fall, and should not deserve any clemency, and should be destroyed as the Lord had commanded Moses.

John 12:40
He hath blinded their eyes and hardened their heart, that they should not see with their eyes, nor understand with their heart and be converted: and I should heal them.

Romans 11:7
What then? That which Israel sought, he hath not obtained: but the election hath obtained it. And the rest have been blinded.

Romans 11:25
For I would not have you ignorant, brethren, of this mystery (lest you should be wise in your own conceits) that blindness in part has happened in Israel, until the fulness of the Gentiles should come in.

Additional Translations
Therefore God has mercy on whom He wants to have mercy, and He hardens whom He wants to harden.

So then, He shows mercy to whom He wants, and He hardens whom He wants.

Therefore has he mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will be hardeneth.

So then, to whom he will he shews mercy, and whom he will he hardens.

So then he hath mercy on whom he will, and whom he will he hardeneth.

Therefore he hath mercy on whom he will have mercy, and whom he will he hardeneth.

This is a proof that wherever He chooses He shows mercy, and wherever he chooses He hardens the heart.

So then, he has mercy on whom he desires, and he hardens whom he desires.

so, then, to whom He willeth, He doth kindness, and to whom He willeth, He doth harden.
Jump to Previous
Chooses Desires Hard Harden Hardeneth Hardens Heart Kindness Makes Mercy Pleasure Proof Shews Shows Wants Wherever Whomever Willeth Wills
Jump to Next
Chooses Desires Hard Harden Hardeneth Hardens Heart Kindness Makes Mercy Pleasure Proof Shews Shows Wants Wherever Whomever Willeth Wills
Links
Romans 9:18 NIV
Romans 9:18 NLT
Romans 9:18 ESV
Romans 9:18 NASB
Romans 9:18 KJV

Romans 9:18 Bible Apps
Romans 9:18 Biblia Paralela
Romans 9:18 Chinese Bible
Romans 9:18 French Bible
Romans 9:18 German Bible

Alphabetical: and desires God harden hardens has have he mercy on So then Therefore to wants whom

NT Letters: Romans 9:18 So then he has mercy on whom (Rom. Ro) Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools

Romans 9:17
Top of Page
Top of Page