Deuteronomy 21:15
New International Version
If a man has two wives, and he loves one but not the other, and both bear him sons but the firstborn is the son of the wife he does not love,

New Living Translation
“Suppose a man has two wives, but he loves one and not the other, and both have given him sons. And suppose the firstborn son is the son of the wife he does not love.

English Standard Version
“If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him children, and if the firstborn son belongs to the unloved,

Berean Study Bible
If a man has two wives, one beloved and the other unloved, and both bear him sons, but the unloved wife has the firstborn son,

King James Bible
If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:

New King James Version
“If a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved, and if the firstborn son is of her who is unloved,

New American Standard Bible
“If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him sons, and the firstborn son belongs to the unloved,

NASB 1995
“If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him sons, if the firstborn son belongs to the unloved,

NASB 1977
“If a man has two wives, the one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have borne him sons, if the first-born son belongs to the unloved,

Amplified Bible
“If a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved have born him sons, and the firstborn son belongs to the unloved wife,

Christian Standard Bible
“If a man has two wives, one loved and the other neglected, and both the loved and the neglected bear him sons, and if the neglected wife has the firstborn son,

Holman Christian Standard Bible
If a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved, and both the loved and the unloved bear him sons, and if the unloved wife has the firstborn son,

American Standard Version
If a man have two wives, the one beloved, and the other hated, and they have borne him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the first-born son be hers that was hated;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And when a man will have two wives, one beloved and one hated, and the beloved and the hated will bear children to him, and a first born son will belong to the hated one:

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And if a man have two wives, the one loved and the other hated, and both the loved and the hated should have born him children, and the son of the hated should be first-born;

Douay-Rheims Bible
If a man have two wives, one beloved, and the other hated, and they have had children by him, and the son of the hated be the firstborn,

English Revised Version
If a man have two wives, the one beloved, and the other hated, and they have borne him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated;

Good News Translation
"Suppose a man has two wives and they both bear him sons, but the first son is not the child of his favorite wife.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
A man might have two wives and love one but not the other. Both wives might have children, and the firstborn son might belong to the wife that the man doesn't love.

International Standard Version
"If a man has two wives where one is loved but the other is unloved, and both of them bear him sons, but the firstborn is the son of the unloved wife,

JPS Tanakh 1917
If a man have two wives, the one beloved, and the other hated, and they have borne him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the first-born son be hers that was hated;

Literal Standard Version
When a man has two wives, one loved and the other hated, and they have borne sons to him (the loved one and the hated one), and the firstborn son has been to the hated one,

NET Bible
Suppose a man has two wives, one whom he loves more than the other, and they both bear him sons, with the firstborn being the child of the less loved wife.

New Heart English Bible
If a man has two wives, the one loved, and the other unloved, and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved; and if the firstborn son is hers who was unloved;

World English Bible
If a man have two wives, the one beloved, and the other hated, and they have borne him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers who was hated;

Young's Literal Translation
'When a man hath two wives, the one loved and the other hated, and they have borne to him sons (the loved one and the hated one), and the first-born son hath been to the hated one;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Inheritance Rights of the Firstborn
15If a man has two wives, one beloved and the other unloved, and both bear him sons, but the unloved wife has the firstborn son, 16when that man assigns his inheritance to his sons he must not appoint the son of the beloved wife as the firstborn over the son of the unloved wife.…

Cross References
Genesis 29:33
Again she conceived and gave birth to a son, and she said, "Because the LORD has heard that I am unloved, He has given me this son as well." So she named him Simeon.

Deuteronomy 21:16
when that man assigns his inheritance to his sons he must not appoint the son of the beloved wife as the firstborn over the son of the unloved wife.

1 Samuel 1:2
He had two wives, one named Hannah and the other Peninnah. And Peninnah had children, but Hannah had none.

2 Chronicles 11:22
Rehoboam appointed Abijah son of Maacah as chief prince among his brothers, intending to make him king.


Treasury of Scripture

If a man have two wives, one beloved, and another hated, and they have born him children, both the beloved and the hated; and if the firstborn son be hers that was hated:

two wives

Genesis 29:18,20,30,31,33
And Jacob loved Rachel; and said, I will serve thee seven years for Rachel thy younger daughter…

1 Samuel 1:4,5
And when the time was that Elkanah offered, he gave to Peninnah his wife, and to all her sons and her daughters, portions: …









Deuteronomy 21:15-17. THE BIRTHRIGHT.

(15) One beloved, and another hated--i.e., one preferred above the other, according to the idiomatic use of this phrase in Hebrew.

(17) A double portion.--Literally, the mouth of two, i.e., two shares. Supposing there were four sons, the estate would be divided into five shares, and the firstborn would take two. So Jacob said to Joseph (Genesis 48:22): "I have given thee one portion above thy brethren." The birthright of which Reuben was deprived for ill conduct, was given to Joseph's sons (1Chronicles 5:1). So Elisha said to Elijah before they were parted. "I pray thee let a double portion (the first-born's share) of thy spirit be upon me (2Kings 2:9).

Verses 15-17. - If a man have two wives, one of whom is a favorite and the other disliked, and if his firstborn son be the child of the latter, he is not to allow his love for the other to prejudice the right of the son, but must allow him, both in his own lifetime and in the disposition of his property after death, the full privilege and right of a firstborn son.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
If
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

a man
לְאִ֜ישׁ (lə·’îš)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

has
תִהְיֶ֨יןָ (ṯih·ye·nā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person feminine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

two
שְׁתֵּ֣י (šə·tê)
Number - fdc
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

wives,
נָשִׁ֗ים (nā·šîm)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 802: Woman, wife, female

one
הָאַחַ֤ת (hā·’a·ḥaṯ)
Article | Number - feminine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

beloved
אֲהוּבָה֙ (’ă·hū·ḇāh)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine singular
Strong's 157: To have affection f

and the other
וְהָאַחַ֣ת (wə·hā·’a·ḥaṯ)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Number - feminine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

unloved,
שְׂנוּאָ֔ה (śə·nū·’āh)
Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine singular
Strong's 8130: To hate

and [both]
הָאֲהוּבָ֖ה (hā·’ă·hū·ḇāh)
Article | Verb - Qal - QalPassParticiple - feminine singular
Strong's 157: To have affection f

bear
וְיָֽלְדוּ־ (wə·yā·lə·ḏū-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 3205: To bear young, to beget, medically, to act as midwife, to show lineage

him sons,
בָנִ֔ים (ḇā·nîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 1121: A son

but the unloved
לַשְּׂנִיאָֽה׃ (laś·śə·nî·’āh)
Preposition-l, Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 8146: Hated, held in aversion

wife has
וְהָיָ֛ה (wə·hā·yāh)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

the firstborn
הַבְּכ֖וֹר (hab·bə·ḵō·wr)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1060: Firstborn, chief

son,
הַבֵּ֥ן (hab·bên)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son


Jump to Previous
Bear Belongs Beloved Born Borne Child Children Disliked Hated Hers Loved Unloved Wife Wives
Jump to Next
Bear Belongs Beloved Born Borne Child Children Disliked Hated Hers Loved Unloved Wife Wives
Links
Deuteronomy 21:15 NIV
Deuteronomy 21:15 NLT
Deuteronomy 21:15 ESV
Deuteronomy 21:15 NASB
Deuteronomy 21:15 KJV

Deuteronomy 21:15 BibleApps.com
Deuteronomy 21:15 Biblia Paralela
Deuteronomy 21:15 Chinese Bible
Deuteronomy 21:15 French Bible
Deuteronomy 21:15 Clyx Quotations

OT Law: Deuteronomy 21:15 If a man have two wives (Deut. De Du)
Deuteronomy 21:14
Top of Page
Top of Page