Exodus 32:21
New International Version
He said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you led them into such great sin?"

New Living Translation
Finally, he turned to Aaron and demanded, “What did these people do to you to make you bring such terrible sin upon them?”

English Standard Version
And Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you that you have brought such a great sin upon them?”

Berean Study Bible
“What did this people do to you,” Moses asked Aaron, “that you have led them into so great a sin?”

New American Standard Bible
Then Moses said to Aaron, "What did this people do to you, that you have brought such great sin upon them?"

New King James Version
And Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you that you have brought so great a sin upon them?”

King James Bible
And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?

Christian Standard Bible
Then Moses asked Aaron, "What did these people do to you that you have led them into such a grave sin?"

Contemporary English Version
Moses asked Aaron, "What did these people do to harm you? Why did you make them sin in this terrible way?"

Good News Translation
He said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you have made them commit such a terrible sin?"

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then Moses asked Aaron, "What did these people do to you that you have led them into such a grave sin?""

International Standard Version
Then Moses asked Aaron, "What did this people do to you that you brought such great sin upon them?"

NET Bible
Moses said to Aaron, "What did this people do to you, that you have brought on them so great a sin?"

New Heart English Bible
Moses said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you have brought a great sin on them?"

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Moses asked Aaron, "What did these people do to you that you encouraged them to commit such a serious sin?"

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Moses said unto Aaron: 'What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought a great sin upon them?'

New American Standard 1977
Then Moses said to Aaron, “What did this people do to you, that you have brought such great sin upon them?”

Jubilee Bible 2000
And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people do unto thee that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?

King James 2000 Bible
And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto you, that you have brought so great a sin upon them?

American King James Version
And Moses said to Aaron, What did this people to you, that you have brought so great a sin on them?

American Standard Version
And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought a great sin upon them?

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Moses said to Aaron, What has this people done to thee, that thou hast brought upon them a great sin?

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he said to Aaron: What has this people done to thee, that thou shouldst bring upon them a most heinous sin?

Darby Bible Translation
And Moses said to Aaron, What has this people done to thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin on them?

English Revised Version
And Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought a great sin upon them?

Webster's Bible Translation
And Moses said to Aaron, What did this people to thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?

World English Bible
Moses said to Aaron, "What did these people do to you, that you have brought a great sin on them?"

Young's Literal Translation
And Moses saith unto Aaron, 'What hath this people done to thee, that thou hast brought in upon it a great sin?'
Study Bible
Moses Breaks the Tablets
20Then he took the calf they had made, burned it in the fire, ground it to powder, and scattered the powder over the face of the water. Then he forced the Israelites to drink it. 21“What did this people do to you,” Moses asked Aaron, “that you have led them into so great a sin?” 22“Do not be enraged, my lord,” Aaron replied. “You yourself know that the people are intent on evil.…
Cross References
Exodus 32:20
Then he took the calf they had made, burned it in the fire, ground it to powder, and scattered the powder over the face of the water. Then he forced the Israelites to drink it.

Exodus 32:22
"Do not be enraged, my lord," Aaron replied. "You yourself know that the people are intent on evil.

1 Samuel 15:14
But Samuel replied, "Then what is this bleating of sheep and lowing of cattle that I hear?"

Treasury of Scripture

And Moses said to Aaron, What did this people to you, that you have brought so great a sin on them?

Genesis 20:9
Then Abimelech called Abraham, and said unto him, What hast thou done unto us? and what have I offended thee, that thou hast brought on me and on my kingdom a great sin? thou hast done deeds unto me that ought not to be done.

Genesis 26:10
And Abimelech said, What is this thou hast done unto us? one of the people might lightly have lien with thy wife, and thou shouldest have brought guiltiness upon us.

Deuteronomy 13:6-8
If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, Let us go and serve other gods, which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; …







Lexicon
“What
מֶֽה־ (meh-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

did this
הַזֶּ֑ה (haz·zeh)
Article | Pronoun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2088: This, that

people
הָעָ֣ם (hā·‘ām)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

do
עָשָׂ֥ה (‘ā·śāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 6213: To do, make

to you,”
לְךָ֖ (lə·ḵā)
Preposition | second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew

Moses
מֹשֶׁה֙ (mō·šeh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4872: Moses -- a great Israelite leader, prophet and lawgiver

asked
וַיֹּ֤אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

Aaron,
אַהֲרֹ֔ן (’a·hă·rōn)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 175: Aaron -- an elder brother of Moses

“that
כִּֽי־ (kî-)
Conjunction
Strong's Hebrew 3588: A relative conjunction

you have led
הֵבֵ֥אתָ (hê·ḇê·ṯā)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 935: To come in, come, go in, go

them into
עָלָ֖יו (‘ā·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

so great
גְדֹלָֽה׃ (ḡə·ḏō·lāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1419: Great, older, insolent

a sin?”
חֲטָאָ֥ה (ḥă·ṭā·’āh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2401: An offence, a sacrifice for, it
(21) Moses said unto Aaron, What did this people unto thee ?--The second step was to inquire how the idolatry came about; and here Moses very reasonably addressed himself to Aaron. Aaron had been left in charge of the people (Exodus 24:14), to advise them, direct them, control them, if necessary. How had he acquitted himself of this charge? He had allowed the people to commit a great sin. What excuse could he offer for his conduct? Had the people injured him in any way? The question is asked ironically.

Verses 21-24. - AARON TRIES TO EXCUSE HIMSELF. Having taken the needful steps for the destruction of the idol, Moses naturally turned upon Aaron. He had been left in charge of the people, to guide them, instruct them, counsel them in difficulties (Exodus 24:14). How had he acquitted himself of his task? He had led the people into a great sin - had at any rate connived at it - assisted in it. Moses therefore asks, "What had the people done to him, that he should so act? How had they injured him, that he should so greatly injure them?" To this he has no direct reply. But he will not acknowledge himself in fault - he must excuse himself. And his excuse is twofold: -

1. It was the people's fault, not his; they were "set on mischief."

2. It was a fatality - he threw the gold into the fire, and "it came out this calf." We are not surprised, after this, to read in Deuteronomy, that "the Lord was very angry with Aaron to have destroyed him," and was only hindered from his purpose by the intercession of Moses Verse 21. - What did this people unto thee? Moses does not suppose that the people had really done anything to Aaron. He asks the question as a reproach - they had done nothing to thee - had in no way injured thee - and yet thou broughtest this evil upon them. So great a sin. Literally, "a great sin" - the sin of idolatry. If Aaron had offered a strenuous opposition from the first, the idolatry might not have taken place - the people might have been brought to a better mind. 32:21-29 Never did any wise man make a more frivolous and foolish excuse than that of Aaron. We must never be drawn into sin by any thing man can say or do to us; for men can but tempt us to sin, they cannot force us. The approach of Moses turned the dancing into trembling. They were exposed to shame by their sin. The course Moses took to roll away this reproach, was, not by concealing the sin, or putting any false colour upon it, but by punishing it. The Levites were to slay the ringleaders in this wickedness; yet none were executed but those who openly stood forth. Those are marked for ruin who persist in sin: those who in the morning were shouting and dancing, before night were dying. Such sudden changes do the judgments of the Lord sometimes make with sinners that are secure and jovial in their sin.
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