John 5:21
New International Version
For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son gives life to whom he is pleased to give it.

New Living Translation
For just as the Father gives life to those he raises from the dead, so the Son gives life to anyone he wants.

English Standard Version
For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom he will.

Berean Study Bible
For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom He wishes.

Berean Literal Bible
For even as the Father raises up the dead and gives life, thus also the Son gives life to whom He will.

King James Bible
For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will.

New King James Version
For as the Father raises the dead and gives life to them, even so the Son gives life to whom He will.

New American Standard Bible
For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes.

NASB 1995
"For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes.

NASB 1977
“For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes.

Amplified Bible
Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life [and allows them to live on], even so the Son also gives life to whom He wishes.

Christian Standard Bible
And just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to whom he wants.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
And just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to anyone He wants to.

American Standard Version
For as the Father raiseth the dead and giveth them life, even so the Son also giveth life to whom he will.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
For just as The Father raises the dead and gives them life, thus also The Son gives life to them whom he will.

Contemporary English Version
Just as the Father raises the dead and gives life, so the Son gives life to anyone he wants to.

Douay-Rheims Bible
For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and giveth life: so the Son also giveth life to whom he will.

English Revised Version
For as the Father raiseth the dead and quickeneth them, even so the Son also quickeneth whom he will.

Good News Translation
Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, in the same way the Son gives life to those he wants to.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
In the same way that the Father brings back the dead and gives them life, the Son gives life to anyone he chooses.

International Standard Version
Just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to those he chooses.

Literal Standard Version
For as the Father raises the dead, and makes alive, so also the Son makes alive whom He wills;

NET Bible
For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whomever he wishes.

New Heart English Bible
For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom he desires.

Weymouth New Testament
For just as the Father awakens the dead and gives them life, so the Son also gives life to whom He wills.

World English Bible
For as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, even so the Son also gives life to whom he desires.

Young's Literal Translation
'For, as the Father doth raise the dead, and doth make alive, so also the Son doth make alive whom he willeth;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Father and the Son
20The Father loves the Son and shows Him all He does. And to your amazement, He will show Him even greater works than these. 21For just as the Father raises the dead and gives them life, so also the Son gives life to whom He wishes. 22Furthermore, the Father judges no one, but has assigned all judgment to the Son,…

Cross References
John 6:63
The Spirit gives life; the flesh profits nothing. The words I have spoken to you are spirit and they are life.

John 11:25
Jesus said to her, "I am the resurrection and the life. Whoever believes in Me will live, even though he dies.

Romans 4:17
As it is written: "I have made you a father of many nations." He is our father in the presence of God, in whom he believed, the God who gives life to the dead and calls into being what does not yet exist.

Romans 8:11
And if the Spirit of Him who raised Jesus from the dead is living in you, He who raised Christ Jesus from the dead will also give life to your mortal bodies through His Spirit, who lives in you.

1 Corinthians 15:45
So it is written: "The first man Adam became a living being;" the last Adam a life-giving spirit.


Treasury of Scripture

For as the Father raises up the dead, and vivifies them; even so the Son vivifies whom he will.

as.

Deuteronomy 32:39
See now that I, even I, am he, and there is no god with me: I kill, and I make alive; I wound, and I heal: neither is there any that can deliver out of my hand.

1 Kings 17:21
And he stretched himself upon the child three times, and cried unto the LORD, and said, O LORD my God, I pray thee, let this child's soul come into him again.

2 Kings 4:32-35
And when Elisha was come into the house, behold, the child was dead, and laid upon his bed…

even.

John 11:25,43,44
Jesus said unto her, I am the resurrection, and the life: he that believeth in me, though he were dead, yet shall he live: …

John 17:2
As thou hast given him power over all flesh, that he should give eternal life to as many as thou hast given him.

Luke 7:14,15
And he came and touched the bier: and they that bare him stood still. And he said, Young man, I say unto thee, Arise…









(21) The following verses (John 5:21-29) show what these greater works are. They are the Resurrection and the judgment; but these are regarded as spiritual as well as physical, as present as well as future. Once again the background of the thought is to be found in John 5:17. Resurrection and Judgment were the work of the Father--"My Father worketh hitherto;" but the manifestation in limits of space and time is the work of the Son--"and I work."

For as the Father raiseth up the dead, and quickeneth them.--The "them" after "quickeneth" is better omitted. The words are purposely general. Raising the dead and making alive are attributes of God. "He kills and He makes alive" (Deuteronomy 32:39). "He bringeth down to the underworld and bringeth up" (1Samuel 2:6; Tobit 13:2). "He has the power of life and death" (Wisdom Of Solomon 16:13). These the Son seeth the Father doing, and these also He doeth in like manner. He, too, has the power to quicken whom He will, and He useth that power. Deadened souls have felt it, and are living in the new-born life. There is in His word, for the man who hears it and believes it, a moral change which is nothing other than an actual passing out of death into life (John 5:24).

Verses 21-26. - Greater works:

(1)
the resurrection of the dead. Verse 21. - For (γὰρ introduces an illustration, a proof of the previous assertion. viz. that the eternal love of the Son would issue in such new marvels) as the Father raiseth the dead, and quickeneth them; even so the Son quickeneth whom he will. This is the most exhaustive expression of the Father's love and revelation to the Son. This thing the Son sees, and this same thing he will do, whether these Jews attempt to put any arrest upon his will or not. The majority of commentators regard vers. 21-27 as descriptive of the moral and spiritual resurrection of dead souls, and hold that a transition is made in vers. 28, 29 to the resurrection of dead bodies and the final consummation. There are some, however, who regard the whole passage - even vers. 28, 29 - as referring, with the previous verses, to moral resurrection, although the words, "in their tombs" (μνημείοις) are there added to give distinctness and explicitness to that future resurrection; and though "now is" of ver. 25 is not there predicated or repeated. Others (with many of the older expositors) refer the entire passage to the final resurrection, which, however, is incompatible with ver. 20 and with the "now is" of ver. 25. Others, again, see in ver. 21, in ἐγείρει and ζωοποιεῖ,, the whole process of resurrection and renewal, both physical and moral, bodily and spiritual. They suppose that in ver. 25 Christ refers first to the spiritual renovation, to be affirmed and consummated in the universal resurrection and judgment of the last day. The generality of the terms ἐγείρει and ζωοποιει, attributed to the Father, makes it possible that the Lord was referring to the numerous events of uplifting from the pit, from the lowest sheol, which formed the staple religious nutrition of the Jewish race. The history of Divine revelation is one lengthened series of interpositions and deliverances, of resurrections of the people of Israel, and of the theocracy from bondage, exile, and spiritual and civil death, and of references to the wonderful transformations of saints and prophets and kings from the depths of despair to the light of life and Divine favour. Ezekiel (37) had likened the most memorable of these resurrections to the uprising of a huge army from a valley of vision, strown with the dry bones of both houses of Israel. "So also," says Jesus, "the Son quiekeneth." including under this term, it may be, the physical healing which is often the precursor and condition of spiritual awakening and moral health and vigour. The Son, the incarnate Logos, revealing himself on earth, both as Logos and Son of man, is now quickening after the same fashion whom he will. The will of Christ is in such entire harmony with the Father's will that there is no rivalry here. The will of the Son is in spontaneous accord with the Divine purpose of resurrection and quickening. He is already doing thus here on earth, as the great organ of the Father, that which makes his will the revelation of the Father. There is no arbitrary decree, such as Calvin found here, nor such as Roues insists upon. The emphasis is simply upon the subject of the verb θέλει; and we have in the expression a vindication of the nineteenth verse, "The Son doeth that which he sees the Father doing." His own θέλημα being the origin and revealed centre on earth of Divine manifestations.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Greek
For
γὰρ (gar)
Conjunction
Strong's 1063: For. A primary particle; properly, assigning a reason.

just as
Ὥσπερ (Hōsper)
Adverb
Strong's 5618: Just as, as, even as. From hos and per; just as, i.e. Exactly like.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Father
Πατὴρ (Patēr)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3962: Father, (Heavenly) Father, ancestor, elder, senior. Apparently a primary word; a 'father'.

raises
ἐγείρει (egeirei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 1453: (a) I wake, arouse, (b) I raise up. Probably akin to the base of agora; to waken, i.e. Rouse.

the
τοὺς (tous)
Article - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

dead
νεκροὺς (nekrous)
Adjective - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3498: (a) adj: dead, lifeless, subject to death, mortal, (b) noun: a dead body, a corpse. From an apparently primary nekus; dead.

and
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

gives [them] life,
ζωοποιεῖ (zōopoiei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2227: To make that which was dead to live, cause to live, quicken. From the same as zoon and poieo; tovitalize.

so
οὕτως (houtōs)
Adverb
Strong's 3779: Thus, so, in this manner. Or (referring to what precedes or follows).

also
καὶ (kai)
Conjunction
Strong's 2532: And, even, also, namely.

the
(ho)
Article - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 3588: The, the definite article. Including the feminine he, and the neuter to in all their inflections; the definite article; the.

Son
Υἱὸς (Huios)
Noun - Nominative Masculine Singular
Strong's 5207: A son, descendent. Apparently a primary word; a 'son', used very widely of immediate, remote or figuratively, kinship.

gives life
ζωοποιεῖ (zōopoiei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2227: To make that which was dead to live, cause to live, quicken. From the same as zoon and poieo; tovitalize.

to whom
οὓς (hous)
Personal / Relative Pronoun - Accusative Masculine Plural
Strong's 3739: Who, which, what, that.

He wishes.
θέλει (thelei)
Verb - Present Indicative Active - 3rd Person Singular
Strong's 2309: To will, wish, desire, be willing, intend, design.


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NT Gospels: John 5:21 For as the Father raises the dead (Jhn Jo Jn)
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