Judges 7:16
New International Version
Dividing the three hundred men into three companies, he placed trumpets and empty jars in the hands of all of them, with torches inside.

New Living Translation
He divided the 300 men into three groups and gave each man a ram’s horn and a clay jar with a torch in it.

English Standard Version
And he divided the 300 men into three companies and put trumpets into the hands of all of them and empty jars, with torches inside the jars.

Berean Study Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies and gave each man a ram’s horn in one hand and a large jar in the other, containing a torch.

King James Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

New King James Version
Then he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet into every man’s hand, with empty pitchers, and torches inside the pitchers.

New American Standard Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three units, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers.

NASB 1995
He divided the 300 men into three companies, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers.

NASB 1977
And he divided the 300 men into three companies, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers.

Amplified Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put trumpets and empty pitchers into the hands of all of them, with torches inside the pitchers.

Christian Standard Bible
Then he divided the three hundred men into three companies and gave each of the men a ram’s horn in one hand and an empty pitcher with a torch inside it in the other hand.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then he divided the 300 men into three companies and gave each of the men a trumpet in one hand and an empty pitcher with a torch inside it in the other.”

American Standard Version
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he divided the three hundred men into three divisions, and he put horns into all their hands, and empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and put horns in the hands of all, and empty pitchers, and torches in the pitchers:

Contemporary English Version
Gideon divided his little army into three groups of 100 men, and he gave each soldier a trumpet and a large clay jar with a burning torch inside.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he divided the three hundred men into three parts, and gave them trumpets in their hands, and empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

English Revised Version
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Good News Translation
He divided his three hundred men into three groups and gave each man a trumpet and a jar with a torch inside it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Gideon divided the 300 men into three companies. He gave them each rams' horns and jars with torches inside.

International Standard Version
Then he separated the 300 men into three companies, gave them each trumpets to carry, along with jars into which he placed lit torches.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them horns, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Literal Standard Version
And he divides the three hundred men [into] three detachments, and puts horns into the hand of all of them, and empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

NET Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three units. He gave them all trumpets and empty jars with torches inside them.

New Heart English Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

World English Bible
He divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put into the hands of all of them trumpets, and empty pitchers, with torches within the pitchers.

Young's Literal Translation
And he divideth the three hundred men into three detachments, and putteth trumpets into the hand of all of them, and empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Gideon Defeats Midian
15When Gideon heard the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, “Get up, for the LORD has delivered the camp of Midian into your hand.” 16And he divided the three hundred men into three companies and gave each man a ram’s horn in one hand and a large jar in the other, containing a torch. 17“Watch me and do as I do,” Gideon said. “When I come to the outskirts of the camp, do exactly as I do.…

Cross References
Genesis 14:15
During the night, Abram divided his forces and routed Chedorlaomer's army, pursuing them as far as Hobah, north of Damascus.

Judges 7:15
When Gideon heard the dream and its interpretation, he bowed in worship. He returned to the camp of Israel and said, "Get up, for the LORD has delivered the camp of Midian into your hand."

Judges 7:17
"Watch me and do as I do," Gideon said. "When I come to the outskirts of the camp, do exactly as I do.

1 Samuel 11:11
The next day Saul organized the troops into three divisions, and during the morning watch they invaded the camp of the Ammonites and slaughtered them, until the hottest part of the day. And the survivors were so scattered that no two of them were left together.

2 Samuel 18:2
He sent out the troops, a third under Joab, a third under Joab's brother Abishai son of Zeruiah, and a third under Ittai the Gittite. And the king said to the troops, "I will surely march out with you as well."


Treasury of Scripture

And he divided the three hundred men into three companies, and he put a trumpet in every man's hand, with empty pitchers, and lamps within the pitchers.

three companies.

2 Corinthians 4:7
But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us.

lamps.









(16) Into three companies.--See Judges 9:43. This division of the attacking force was a common stratagem. We find it in Job 1:17--"the Chaldaeans made out three bands "--and it was adopted by Saul against the Ammonites (1Samuel 11:11), and by David against Absalom (2Samuel 18:2). (Comp. Genesis 14:15.)

A trumpet.--Hearing the sound of three hundred rams' horns, the Midianites would naturally suppose that they were being attacked by three hundred companies. . . .

Verse 16. - Trumpets, which had been collected from the whole army (ver. 8, note). Lamps. Rather, as in the margin, torches, within the pitchers, so as not to be seen till the pitchers were broken, when the torches would flare with a sudden blaze. The pitchers were vessels for drawing water, as appears from Genesis 24:14, 16, 18, 20. They were doubtless of earthenware, as they were so easily broken.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And he divided
וַיַּ֛חַץ (way·ya·ḥaṣ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 2673: To cut, split in two, to halve

the three
שְׁלֹשׁ־ (šə·lōš-)
Number - feminine singular construct
Strong's 7969: Three, third, thrice

hundred
מֵא֥וֹת (mê·’ō·wṯ)
Number - feminine plural
Strong's 3967: A hundred

men
הָאִ֖ישׁ (hā·’îš)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

into three
שְׁלֹשָׁ֣ה (šə·lō·šāh)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 7969: Three, third, thrice

companies
רָאשִׁ֑ים (rā·šîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 7218: The head

and gave
וַיִּתֵּ֨ן (way·yit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

each man
כֻּלָּם֙ (kul·lām)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

a trumpet
שׁוֹפָר֤וֹת (šō·w·p̄ā·rō·wṯ)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 7782: A cornet, curved horn

in one hand
בְּיַד־ (bə·yaḏ-)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 3027: A hand

and a large jar [in the other],
וְכַדִּ֣ים (wə·ḵad·dîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - feminine plural
Strong's 3537: A pail, earthenware, a jar

containing
בְּת֥וֹךְ (bə·ṯō·wḵ)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

a torch.
וְלַפִּדִ֖ים (wə·lap·pi·ḏîm)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 3940: A flambeau, lamp, flame


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OT History: Judges 7:16 He divided the three hundred men into (Jd Judg. Jdg)
Judges 7:15
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