Numbers 20:20
New International Version
Again they answered: “You may not pass through.” Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful army.

New Living Translation
But the king of Edom replied, “Stay out! You may not pass through our land.” With that he mobilized his army and marched out against them with an imposing force.

English Standard Version
But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against them with a large army and with a strong force.

Berean Study Bible
But Edom insisted, “You may not pass through.” And they came out to confront the Israelites with a large army and a strong hand.

King James Bible
And he said, Thou shalt not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

New King James Version
Then he said, “You shall not pass through.” So Edom came out against them with many men and with a strong hand.

New American Standard Bible
But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with a heavy force and a strong hand.

NASB 1995
But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with a heavy force and with a strong hand.

NASB 1977
But he said, “You shall not pass through.” And Edom came out against him with a heavy force, and with a strong hand.

Amplified Bible
But the king of Edom said, “You shall not pass through [my territory].” And Edom came out against Israel with many people and a strong hand.

Christian Standard Bible
Yet Edom insisted, “You may not travel through.” And they came out to confront them with a large force of heavily-armed people.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Yet Edom insisted, “You must not travel through.” And they came out to confront them with a large force of heavily-armed people.

American Standard Version
And he said, Thou shalt not pass through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Adum said, “You shall not pass through”, and Adum came out to meet them with a strong people and with a mighty hand.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And he said, Thou shalt not pass through me; and Edom went forth to meet him with a great host, and a mighty hand.

Contemporary English Version
But the king insisted, "You can't go through our land!" Then Edom sent out its strongest troops

Douay-Rheims Bible
But he answered: Thou shalt not pass. And immediately he came forth to meet them with an infinite multitude, and a strong hand,

English Revised Version
And he said, Thou shalt not pass through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Good News Translation
The Edomites repeated, "We refuse!" and they marched out with a powerful army to attack the people of Israel.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
But the Edomites said, "You may not pass through." Then they came out and attacked with many well-armed troops.

International Standard Version
But still he replied, "No. You're not to pass through." Then Edom went out to meet Moses with a vast army and a lot of military might.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he said: 'Thou shalt not pass through.' And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

Literal Standard Version
And he says, “You do not pass over”; and Edom comes out to meet him with many people and with a strong hand;

NET Bible
But he said, "You may not pass through." Then Edom came out against them with a large and powerful force.

New Heart English Bible
He said, "You shall not pass through." Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand.

World English Bible
He said, "You shall not pass through." Edom came out against him with many people, and with a strong hand.

Young's Literal Translation
And he saith, 'Thou dost not pass over;' and Edom cometh out to meet him with much people, and with a strong hand;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Edom Refuses Passage
19“We will stay on the main road,” the Israelites replied, “and if we or our herds drink your water, we will pay for it. There will be no problem; only let us pass through on foot.” 20But Edom insisted, “You may not pass through.” And they came out to confront the Israelites with a large army and a strong hand. 21So Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through their territory, and Israel turned away from them.…

Cross References
Judges 11:17
Then Israel sent messengers to the king of Edom, saying, 'Please let us pass through your land,' but the king of Edom would not listen. They also sent messengers to the king of Moab, but he would not consent. So Israel stayed in Kadesh.

Numbers 20:21
So Edom refused to allow Israel to pass through their territory, and Israel turned away from them.


Treasury of Scripture

And he said, You shall not go through. And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand.

thou shalt

Numbers 20:18
And Edom said unto him, Thou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.

Genesis 27:41
And Esau hated Jacob because of the blessing wherewith his father blessed him: and Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for my father are at hand; then will I slay my brother Jacob.

Genesis 32:6
And the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, We came to thy brother Esau, and also he cometh to meet thee, and four hundred men with him.

and Edom

Obadiah 1:10-15
For thy violence against thy brother Jacob shame shall cover thee, and thou shalt be cut off for ever…











Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But Edom
אֱדוֹם֙ (’ĕ·ḏō·wm)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 123: The name of a condiment

insisted,
וַיֹּ֖אמֶר (way·yō·mer)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 559: To utter, say

“You may not
לֹ֣א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

pass through.”
תַעֲבֹ֑ר (ṯa·‘ă·ḇōr)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

And they came out
וַיֵּצֵ֤א (way·yê·ṣê)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3318: To go, bring, out, direct and proxim

to confront [the Israelites]
לִקְרָאת֔וֹ (liq·rā·ṯōw)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way

with a large
כָּבֵ֖ד (kā·ḇêḏ)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 3515: Heavy

army
בְּעַ֥ם (bə·‘am)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

and a strong
חֲזָקָֽה׃ (ḥă·zā·qāh)
Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's 2389: Strong, stout, mighty

hand.
וּבְיָ֥ד (ū·ḇə·yāḏ)
Conjunctive waw, Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 3027: A hand


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OT Law: Numbers 20:20 He said You shall not pass through (Nu Num.)
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