Numbers 35:22
New International Version
“’But if without enmity someone suddenly pushes another or throws something at them unintentionally

New Living Translation
“But suppose someone pushes another person without having shown previous hostility, or throws something that unintentionally hits another person,

English Standard Version
“But if he pushed him suddenly without enmity, or hurled anything on him without lying in wait

Berean Study Bible
But if anyone pushes a person suddenly, without hostility, or throws an object at him unintentionally,

King James Bible
But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast upon him any thing without laying of wait,

New King James Version
‘However, if he pushes him suddenly without enmity, or throws anything at him without lying in wait,

New American Standard Bible
‘But if he pushed him suddenly, without hostility, or threw any object at him without malicious intent,

NASB 1995
‘But if he pushed him suddenly without enmity, or threw something at him without lying in wait,

NASB 1977
‘But if he pushed him suddenly without enmity, or threw something at him without lying in wait,

Amplified Bible
‘But if he pushed the victim suddenly, not in enmity, or threw anything at him without malicious intent,

Christian Standard Bible
“But if anyone suddenly pushes a person without hostility or throws any object at him without malicious intent

Holman Christian Standard Bible
But if anyone suddenly pushes a person without hostility or throws any object at him without malicious intent

American Standard Version
But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled upon him anything without lying in wait,

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And if he struck him suddenly without hatred or threw at him any implement without treachery.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
But if he should thrust him suddenly, not through enmity, or cast any thing upon him, not from an ambuscade,

Douay-Rheims Bible
But if by chance medley, and without hatred,

English Revised Version
But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled upon him any thing without lying in wait,

Good News Translation
"But suppose you accidentally kill someone you do not hate, whether by pushing him down or by throwing something at him.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"But suppose you accidentally kill someone who wasn't your enemy. Maybe you shoved him or threw something at him but didn't mean to kill him.

International Standard Version
"But if he pushed him suddenly without hatred, or if he hurled something in his direction without waiting in ambush,

JPS Tanakh 1917
But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled upon him any thing without lying in wait,

Literal Standard Version
And if, in an instant, without enmity, he has pushed him, or has cast any instrument at him without lying in wait,

NET Bible
"But if he strikes him suddenly, without enmity, or throws anything at him unintentionally,

New Heart English Bible
"'But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled on him anything without lying in wait,

World English Bible
"'But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or hurled on him anything without lying in wait,

Young's Literal Translation
'And if, in an instant, without enmity, he hath thrust him through, or hath cast at him any instrument, without lying in wait;

Additional Translations ...
Context
Six Cities of Refuge
21or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him. 22But if anyone pushes a person suddenly, without hostility, or throws an object at him unintentionally, 23or without looking drops a heavy stone that kills him, but he was not an enemy and did not intend to harm him,…

Cross References
Numbers 35:11
designate cities to serve as your cities of refuge, so that a person who kills someone unintentionally may flee there.

Numbers 35:20
Likewise, if anyone maliciously pushes another or intentionally throws an object at him and kills him,

Numbers 35:21
or if in hostility he strikes him with his hand and he dies, the one who struck him must surely be put to death; he is a murderer. When the avenger of blood finds the murderer, he is to kill him.

Numbers 35:23
or without looking drops a heavy stone that kills him, but he was not an enemy and did not intend to harm him,


Treasury of Scripture

But if he thrust him suddenly without enmity, or have cast on him any thing without laying of wait,

Numbers 35:11
Then ye shall appoint you cities to be cities of refuge for you; that the slayer may flee thither, which killeth any person at unawares.

Exodus 21:13
And if a man lie not in wait, but God deliver him into his hand; then I will appoint thee a place whither he shall flee.

Deuteronomy 19:5
As when a man goeth into the wood with his neighbour to hew wood, and his hand fetcheth a stroke with the axe to cut down the tree, and the head slippeth from the helve, and lighteth upon his neighbour, that he die; he shall flee unto one of those cities, and live:









(22, 23) But if he thrust him suddenly . . . --See Deuteronomy 19:4-5, where the meaning of the law is illustrated.

Verse 22. - Without enmity.... without laying of wait. These expressions seem intended to limit mercy to cases of pure accident, such as that quoted in Deuteronomy 19:5. Neither provocation nor any other "extenuating circumstances" are taken into account, nor what we now speak of as absence of premeditation. The want of these finer distinctions, as well as the short and simple list of farm injuries given, show the rudeness of the age for which these regulations were made.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
But if anyone
וְאִם־ (wə·’im-)
Conjunctive waw | Conjunction
Strong's 518: Lo!, whether?, if, although, Oh that!, when, not

pushes a person
הֲדָפ֑וֹ (hă·ḏā·p̄ōw)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1920: To thrust, drive, push

suddenly,
בְּפֶ֥תַע (bə·p̄e·ṯa‘)
Preposition-b | Adverb
Strong's 6621: A wink, moment

without
בְּלֹא־ (bə·lō-)
Preposition-b | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

hostility,
אֵיבָ֖ה (’ê·ḇāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 342: Hostility

or
אוֹ־ (’ōw-)
Conjunction
Strong's 176: Desire, if

unintentionally
בְּלֹ֥א (bə·lō)
Preposition-b | Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

hits him
הִשְׁלִ֥יךְ (hiš·lîḵ)
Verb - Hifil - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7993: To throw out, down, away

with an
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

object,
כְּלִ֖י (kə·lî)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3627: Something prepared, any apparatus


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OT Law: Numbers 35:22 But if he thrust him suddenly without (Nu Num.)
Numbers 35:21
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