Psalm 19:12
New International Version
But who can discern their own errors? Forgive my hidden faults.

New Living Translation
How can I know all the sins lurking in my heart? Cleanse me from these hidden faults.

English Standard Version
Who can discern his errors? Declare me innocent from hidden faults.

Berean Study Bible
Who can discern his own errors? Cleanse me from my hidden faults.

New American Standard Bible
Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.

New King James Version
Who can understand his errors? Cleanse me from secret faults.

King James Bible
Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.

Christian Standard Bible
Who perceives his unintentional sins? Cleanse me from my hidden faults.

Contemporary English Version
None of us know our faults. Forgive me when I sin without knowing it.

Good News Translation
None of us can see our own errors; deliver me, LORD, from hidden faults!

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Who perceives his unintentional sins? Cleanse me from my hidden faults.

International Standard Version
Who can detect his own mistake? Cleanse me from hidden sin.

NET Bible
Who can know all his errors? Please do not punish me for sins I am unaware of.

New Heart English Bible
Who can discern his errors? Forgive me from hidden errors.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Who understands offenses? Acquit me from secret sins.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Who can notice every mistake? Forgive my hidden faults.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Who can discern his errors? Clear Thou me from hidden faults.

New American Standard 1977
Who can discern his errors? Acquit me of hidden faults.

Jubilee Bible 2000
Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.

King James 2000 Bible
Who can understand his errors? cleanse me from secret faults.

American King James Version
Who can understand his errors? cleanse you me from secret faults.

American Standard Version
Who can discern his errors? Clear thou me from hidden faults .

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Who will understand his transgressions? purge thou me from my secret sins.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Who can understand sins? from my secret ones cleanse me, O Lord:

Darby Bible Translation
Who understandeth [his] errors? Purify me from secret [faults].

English Revised Version
Who can discern his errors? clear thou me from hidden faults.

Webster's Bible Translation
Who can understand his errors? cleanse thou me from secret faults.

World English Bible
Who can discern his errors? Forgive me from hidden errors.

Young's Literal Translation
Errors! who doth understand? From hidden ones declare me innocent,
Study Bible
The Heavens Declare the Glory of God
11By them indeed Your servant is warned; in keeping them is great reward. 12Who can discern his own errors? Cleanse me from my hidden faults. 13Keep Your servant also from willful sins; may they not rule over me. Then I will be blameless and cleansed of great transgression.…
Cross References
Psalm 18:23
And I have been blameless before Him and kept myself from iniquity.

Psalm 40:12
For evils without number surround me; my sins have overtaken me, so that I cannot see. They are more than the hairs of my head, and my heart has failed within me.

Psalm 51:1
Have mercy on me, O God, according to Your loving devotion; according to Your great compassion, blot out my transgressions.

Psalm 51:2
Wash me clean of my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin.

Psalm 90:8
You have set our iniquities before You, our secret sins in the light of Your presence.

Psalm 139:6
Such knowledge is too wonderful for me, too lofty for me to attain.

Psalm 139:23
Search me, O God, and know my heart; test me and know my concerns.

Psalm 139:24
See if there is any offensive way in me; lead me in the way everlasting.

Ezekiel 45:20
You must do the same thing on the seventh day of the month for anyone who sins unintentionally or in ignorance. In this way you will make atonement for the temple.

Treasury of Scripture

Who can understand his errors? cleanse you me from secret faults.

can

Psalm 40:12
For innumerable evils have compassed me about: mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that I am not able to look up; they are more than the hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth me.

Job 6:24
Teach me, and I will hold my tongue: and cause me to understand wherein I have erred.

Isaiah 64:6
But we are all as an unclean thing, and all our righteousnesses are as filthy rags; and we all do fade as a leaf; and our iniquities, like the wind, have taken us away.

cleanse

Psalm 51:5-10
Behold, I was shapen in iniquity; and in sin did my mother conceive me…

Psalm 65:3
Iniquities prevail against me: as for our transgressions, thou shalt purge them away.

1 John 1:7
But if we walk in the light, as he is in the light, we have fellowship one with another, and the blood of Jesus Christ his Son cleanseth us from all sin.

secret

Psalm 90:8
Thou hast set our iniquities before thee, our secret sins in the light of thy countenance.

Psalm 139:2,23,24
Thou knowest my downsitting and mine uprising, thou understandest my thought afar off…

Leviticus 4:2
Speak unto the children of Israel, saying, If a soul shall sin through ignorance against any of the commandments of the LORD concerning things which ought not to be done, and shall do against any of them:







Lexicon
Who
מִֽי־ (mî-)
Interrogative
Strong's Hebrew 4310: Who?, whoever, in oblique construction with prefix, suffix

can discern
יָבִ֑ין (yā·ḇîn)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 995: To separate mentally, understand

his own errors?
שְׁגִיא֥וֹת (šə·ḡî·’ō·wṯ)
Noun - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 7691: A moral mistake

Cleanse me
נַקֵּֽנִי׃ (naq·qê·nî)
Verb - Piel - Imperative - masculine singular | first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 5352: To be, clean, to be bare, extirpated

from my hidden faults.
מִֽנִּסְתָּר֥וֹת (min·nis·tā·rō·wṯ)
Preposition-m | Verb - Nifal - Participle - feminine plural
Strong's Hebrew 5641: To hide, conceal
(12) His eulogium on the Law was not Pharisaic or formal, for the poet instantly gives expression to his sense of his own inability to keep it. If before we were reminded of St. Paul's, "The law is holy, and the commandment holy, and just, and good," (Romans 7:12), his own spiritual experience, contained in the same chapter, is here recalled: "For the good that I would I do not: but the evil that I would not, that I do."

Who can understand.--In the original the abruptness of the question is very marked and significant. Errors who marks? From unconscious ones clear me, i.e., pronounce me innocent, not cleanse, as in Authorised Version.

Verses 12-14. - A consideration of the Law cannot but raise the thought of transgression. Man "had not known sin but by the Law" (Romans 7:7), and he cannot contemplate the Law without being reminded of possible disobedience to it. The psalmist's thoughts are led in this direction, and he ends with an earnest prayer against "secret sins" (ver. 12), against "presumptuous sins" (ver. 13), and against sins of word and thought (ver. 14), addressed to "God his Strength [or, 'his Rock'] and his Redeemer." Verse 12. - Who can understand his errors? rather, who can discern (or, perceive) his errors? i.e. all of them. Who will not overlook some, try as he may to search out his heart? Cleanse thou me from secret faults. Those which are hidden from me, which I cannot discern. 19:11-14 God's word warns the wicked not to go on in his wicked way, and warns the righteous not to turn from his good way. There is a reward, not only after keeping, but in keeping God's commandments. Religion makes our comforts sweet, and our crosses easy, life truly valuable, and death itself truly desirable. David not only desired to be pardoned and cleansed from the sins he had discovered and confessed, but from those he had forgotten or overlooked. All discoveries of sin made to us by the law, should drive us to the throne of grace, there to pray. His dependence was the same with that of every Christian who says, Surely in the Lord Jesus have I righteousness and strength. No prayer can be acceptable before God which is not offered in the strength of our Redeemer or Divine Kinsman, through Him who took our nature upon him, that he might redeem us unto God, and restore the long-lost inheritance. May our hearts be much affected with the excellence of the word of God; and much affected with the evil of sin, and the danger we are in of it, and the danger we are in by it.
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