Psalm 127:2
New International Version
In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for food to eat— for he grants sleep to those he loves.

New Living Translation
It is useless for you to work so hard from early morning until late at night, anxiously working for food to eat; for God gives rest to his loved ones.

English Standard Version
It is in vain that you rise up early and go late to rest, eating the bread of anxious toil; for he gives to his beloved sleep.

Berean Study Bible
In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for bread to eat—for He gives sleep to His beloved.

King James Bible
It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he giveth his beloved sleep.

New King James Version
It is vain for you to rise up early, To sit up late, To eat the bread of sorrows; For so He gives His beloved sleep.

New American Standard Bible
It is futile for you to rise up early, To stay up late, To eat the bread of painful labor; This is how He gives to His beloved sleep.

NASB 1995
It is vain for you to rise up early, To retire late, To eat the bread of painful labors; For He gives to His beloved even in his sleep.

NASB 1977
It is vain for you to rise up early, To retire late, To eat the bread of painful labors; For He gives to His beloved even in his sleep.

Amplified Bible
It is vain for you to rise early, To retire late, To eat the bread of anxious labors— For He gives [blessings] to His beloved even in his sleep.

Christian Standard Bible
In vain you get up early and stay up late, working hard to have enough food— yes, he gives sleep to the one he loves.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
In vain you get up early and stay up late, working hard to have enough food— yes, He gives sleep to the one He loves.

American Standard Version
It is vain for you to rise up early, To take rest late, To eat the bread of toil; For'so he giveth unto his beloved sleep.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
Those who will rise early and are late to sit down eating bread, in sorrows, are worthless, so he will give his beloved ones sleep.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
It is vain for you to rise early: ye rise up after resting, ye that eat the bread of grief; while he gives sleep to his beloved.

Contemporary English Version
It is useless to get up early and stay up late in order to earn a living. God takes care of his own, even while they sleep.

Douay-Rheims Bible
It is vain for you to rise before light, rise ye after you have sitten, you that eat the bread of sorrow. When he shall give sleep to his beloved,

English Revised Version
It is vain for you that ye rise up early, and so late take rest, and eat the bread of toil: for so he giveth unto his beloved sleep.

Good News Translation
It is useless to work so hard for a living, getting up early and going to bed late. For the LORD provides for those he loves, while they are asleep.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
It is useless to work hard for the food you eat by getting up early and going to bed late. The LORD gives [food] to those he loves while they sleep.

International Standard Version
It is useless to get up early and to stay up late, eating the food of exhausting labor— truly he gives sleep to those he loves.

JPS Tanakh 1917
It is vain for you that ye rise early, and sit up late, Ye that eat the bread of toil; So He giveth unto His beloved in sleep.

Literal Standard Version
Vain for you who are rising early, Who delay sitting, eating the bread of griefs, So He gives sleep to His beloved one.

NET Bible
It is vain for you to rise early, come home late, and work so hard for your food. Yes, he can provide for those whom he loves even when they sleep.

New Heart English Bible
It is vain for you to rise up early, to stay up late, eating the bread of toil; for he gives sleep to his loved ones.

World English Bible
It is vain for you to rise up early, to stay up late, eating the bread of toil; for he gives sleep to his loved ones.

Young's Literal Translation
Vain for you who are rising early, Who delay sitting, eating the bread of griefs, So He giveth to His beloved one sleep.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Children are a Heritage From the LORD
1A song of ascents. Of Solomon. Unless the LORD builds the house, its builders labor in vain; unless the LORD protects the city, its watchmen stand guard in vain. 2In vain you rise early and stay up late, toiling for bread to eat— for He gives sleep to His beloved. 3Children are indeed a heritage from the LORD, and the fruit of the womb is His reward.…

Cross References
Genesis 3:17
And to Adam He said: "Because you have listened to the voice of your wife and have eaten from the tree of which I commanded you not to eat, cursed is the ground because of you; through toil you will eat of it all the days of your life.

Genesis 3:19
By the sweat of your brow you will eat your bread, until you return to the ground--because out of it were you taken. For dust you are, and to dust you shall return."

Job 11:18
You will be secure, because there is hope, and you will look around and lie down in safety.

Job 11:19
You will lie down without fear, and many will court your favor.

Psalm 39:6
Surely every man goes about like a phantom; surely he bustles in vain; he heaps up riches not knowing who will haul them away.

Psalm 60:5
Respond and save us with Your right hand, that Your beloved may be delivered.

Proverbs 3:24
When you lie down, you will not be afraid; when you rest, your sleep will be sweet.


Treasury of Scripture

It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late, to eat the bread of sorrows: for so he gives his beloved sleep.

vain

Psalm 39:5,6
Behold, thou hast made my days as an handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before thee: verily every man at his best state is altogether vanity. Selah…

Ecclesiastes 1:14
I have seen all the works that are done under the sun; and, behold, all is vanity and vexation of spirit.

Ecclesiastes 2:1-11,20-23
I said in mine heart, Go to now, I will prove thee with mirth, therefore enjoy pleasure: and, behold, this also is vanity…

rise up

Proverbs 31:15-18
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens…

the bread

Genesis 3:17-19
And unto Adam he said, Because thou hast hearkened unto the voice of thy wife, and hast eaten of the tree, of which I commanded thee, saying, Thou shalt not eat of it: cursed is the ground for thy sake; in sorrow shalt thou eat of it all the days of thy life; …

Ecclesiastes 6:7
All the labour of man is for his mouth, and yet the appetite is not filled.

for so he

Psalm 3:5
I laid me down and slept; I awaked; for the LORD sustained me.

Psalm 4:8
I will both lay me down in peace, and sleep: for thou, LORD, only makest me dwell in safety.

Ecclesiastes 5:12
The sleep of a labouring man is sweet, whether he eat little or much: but the abundance of the rich will not suffer him to sleep.









(2) It . . . sleep.--This verse, of the literal rendering of which there is no question, has met with many different interpretations. About the first clause there is no difference. Early rising, to pursue the business of the day, is vain without the Divine blessing on the labour. The next two clauses admit two different interpretations. Some connect the sitting down with the meal: "delaying to sit down and eat the bread of cares" (or sorrow), i.e., so immersed in business as to allow hardly time for meals. But it seems far more natural to take the Hebrew in its more extended sense of resting, and so explain, nearly as the Authorised Version:--

"It is in vain to rise early;

To delay the hour of rest,

To eat the bread that has been won by toil;

At His pleasure He giveth to His beloved (in) sleep."

As to the last clause, it seems right, from its use in Genesis 1, "it was so," to give so the sense "at His pleasure," this being also indicated by the general drift of the psalm. The word "sleep" may be either the direct object, as in the LXX. and Vulg., or the accusative used adverbially, "in sleep," "while they sleep." That the latter suits the context best there can be no question. The whole intention of the psalm is to assert the truth which the Book of Proverbs sums up in one sentence (Proverbs 10:22): "The blessing of Jehovah maketh rich, and toil can add nothing thereto," the truth which was so impressively taught in the Sermon on the Mount, by the contrast of man's restless ambition with the unconscious dependence on the Divine bounty of birds and flowers. To say that what others toil for from morning till night in vain, God gives to His beloved without all this anxiety and exertion, while they sleep, puts this truth forcibly, and with that disregard of apparent paradox which was natural to a Hebrew, and which appears so prominently in our Saviour's treatment of the subject. Labour is decried as unnecessary neither here nor in the Sermon on the Mount, but "carking care" is dismissed as unworthy those who, from past experience, ought to trust the goodness of the great Provider. The Greek proverb, "The net catches while the fisher sleeps," and the German, "God bestows His gifts during the night," bring common expressions to confirm this voice of inspiration, which was, in almost so many words, recalled in our Lord's parable (Mark 4:27). But old association pleads for the equally true and equally beautiful rendering which makes sleep the gift of God. If there is one thing which seems to come more direct from Heaven's bounty than another, that in its character is more benign, in its effects more akin to the nature of God, it is the blessing of sleep. In all times men have rendered thanks to Heaven for this boon. The ancients not only spoke of sleep as "most grateful of known gifts," but made itself a god. The psalmist unconsciously, but most truly, teaches us the further lesson that it is not only a Divine blessing, but a proof of Divine love:

"Of all the thoughts of God that are

Borne inward unto souls afar, . . .

Verse 2. - It is vain for you to rise up early, to sit up late (comp. Isaiah 5:11); i.e. to be "careful and troubled" about your work in the world, whatever it is. To eat the bread of sorrows. To feed, as it were, on sorrow - and trouble and care - to make your lives a burden to yourselves through your carefulness. For so he giveth his beloved sleep; rather, surely he giveth to his beloved in sleep; i.e. in their sleep. The teaching is similar to that of Exodus 14:14; Isaiah 30:7, 15; Matthew 6:25-34. God gives to men that which he knows they have need of, if they have only the faith to "sit still" and "wait."

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
In vain
שָׁ֤וְא (šāw)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7723: Evil, idolatry, uselessness

you
לָכֶ֨ם ׀ (lā·ḵem)
Preposition | second person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

rise
ק֡וּם (qūm)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 6965: To arise, stand up, stand

early
מַשְׁכִּ֪ימֵי (maš·kî·mê)
Verb - Hifil - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 7925: To load up, to start early in the morning

and stay up
שֶׁ֗בֶת (še·ḇeṯ)
Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

late,
מְאַֽחֲרֵי־ (mə·’a·ḥă·rê-)
Verb - Piel - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 309: To loiter, to procrastinate

toiling
הָעֲצָבִ֑ים (hā·‘ă·ṣā·ḇîm)
Article | Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 6089: An earthen vessel, toil, a pang

for bread
לֶ֣חֶם (le·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3899: Food, bread, grain

to eat—
אֹ֭כְלֵי (’ō·ḵə·lê)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine plural construct
Strong's 398: To eat

for
כֵּ֤ן (kên)
Adverb
Strong's 3651: So -- thus

He gives
יִתֵּ֖ן (yit·tên)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

sleep
שֵׁנָֽא׃ (šê·nā)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 8142: Sleep

to His beloved.
לִֽידִיד֣וֹ (lî·ḏî·ḏōw)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 3039: Beloved


Jump to Previous
Anxious Beloved Bread Delay Early Eat Eating Food Gives Grants Late Loves Ones Painful Rest Retire Rise Rising Sit Sitting Sleep Sorrows Toil Toiling Use Vain
Jump to Next
Anxious Beloved Bread Delay Early Eat Eating Food Gives Grants Late Loves Ones Painful Rest Retire Rise Rising Sit Sitting Sleep Sorrows Toil Toiling Use Vain
Links
Psalm 127:2 NIV
Psalm 127:2 NLT
Psalm 127:2 ESV
Psalm 127:2 NASB
Psalm 127:2 KJV

Psalm 127:2 BibleApps.com
Psalm 127:2 Biblia Paralela
Psalm 127:2 Chinese Bible
Psalm 127:2 French Bible
Psalm 127:2 Clyx Quotations

OT Poetry: Psalm 127:2 It is vain for you to rise (Psalm Ps Psa.)
Psalm 127:1
Top of Page
Top of Page