Psalm 55:20
New International Version
My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant.

New Living Translation
As for my companion, he betrayed his friends; he broke his promises.

English Standard Version
My companion stretched out his hand against his friends; he violated his covenant.

Berean Study Bible
My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant.

New American Standard Bible
He has put forth his hands against those who were at peace with him; He has violated his covenant.

New King James Version
He has put forth his hands against those who were at peace with him; He has broken his covenant.

King James Bible
He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

Christian Standard Bible
My friend acts violently against those at peace with him; he violates his covenant.

Contemporary English Version
My friend turned against me and broke his promise.

Good News Translation
My former companion attacked his friends; he broke his promises.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
My friend acts violently against those at peace with him; he violates his covenant.

International Standard Version
Each of my friends raises his hand against his allies; each of my friends breaks his word.

NET Bible
He attacks his friends; he breaks his solemn promises to them.

New Heart English Bible
He has stretched out his hand against those who were at peace with him. He has violated his covenant.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
They stretched forth a hand against his companion and they smeared his covenant

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[My best friend] has betrayed his friends. He has broken his solemn promise.

JPS Tanakh 1917
He hath put forth his hands against them that were at peace with him; He hath profaned his covenant.

New American Standard 1977
He has put forth his hands against those who were at peace with him; He has violated his covenant.

Jubilee Bible 2000
He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him; he has defiled his covenant.

King James 2000 Bible
He has put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

American King James Version
He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

American Standard Version
He hath put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: He hath profaned his covenant.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
He has reached forth his hand for retribution; they have profaned his covenant.

Douay-Rheims Bible
he hath stretched forth his hand to repay. They have defiled his covenant,

Darby Bible Translation
He hath put forth his hands against such as are at peace with him; he hath profaned his covenant.

English Revised Version
He hath put forth his hands against such as were at peace with him: he hath profaned his covenant.

Webster's Bible Translation
He hath put forth his hands against such as are at peace with him: he hath broken his covenant.

World English Bible
He raises his hands against his friends. He has violated his covenant.

Young's Literal Translation
He hath sent forth his hands against his well-wishers, He hath polluted his covenant.
Study Bible
Cast Your Burden upon the LORD
19God will hear and humiliate them—the One enthroned for the ages—Selah because they do not change and they have no fear of God. 20My companion attacks his friends; he violates his covenant. 21His speech is smooth as butter, but war is in his heart. His words are softer than oil, yet they are swords unsheathed.…
Cross References
Numbers 30:2
If a man makes a vow to the LORD or swears an oath to obligate himself by a pledge, he must not break his word; he must do everything he has promised.

Psalm 7:4
if I have rewarded my ally with evil, if I have plundered my foe without cause,

Psalm 89:34
I will not violate My covenant or alter the utterance of My lips.

Psalm 120:7
I am in favor of peace; but when I speak, they want war.

Psalm 125:3
For the scepter of the wicked will not rest upon the land allotted to the righteous, so that the righteous will not put forth their hands to injustice.

Treasury of Scripture

He has put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him: he has broken his covenant.

but

1 Samuel 22:17
And the king said unto the footmen that stood about him, Turn, and slay the priests of the LORD; because their hand also is with David, and because they knew when he fled, and did not shew it to me. But the servants of the king would not put forth their hand to fall upon the priests of the LORD.

1 Samuel 24:10
Behold, this day thine eyes have seen how that the LORD had delivered thee to day into mine hand in the cave: and some bade me kill thee: but mine eye spared thee; and I said, I will not put forth mine hand against my lord; for he is the LORD'S anointed.

2 Samuel 18:12
And the man said unto Joab, Though I should receive a thousand shekels of silver in mine hand, yet would I not put forth mine hand against the king's son: for in our hearing the king charged thee and Abishai and Ittai, saying, Beware that none touch the young man Absalom.

at peace

Psalm 7:4
If I have rewarded evil unto him that was at peace with me; (yea, I have delivered him that without cause is mine enemy:)

Psalm 109:5
And they have rewarded me evil for good, and hatred for my love.

Psalm 120:6,7
My soul hath long dwelt with him that hateth peace…

broken [heb.

Psalm 89:28,34,38
My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him…

2 Samuel 2:4
And the men of Judah came, and there they anointed David king over the house of Judah. And they told David, saying, That the men of Jabeshgilead were they that buried Saul.

2 Samuel 5:3
So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the LORD: and they anointed David king over Israel.







Lexicon
My companion attacks
שָׁלַ֣ח (šā·laḥ)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7971: To send away, for, out

his friends;
בִּשְׁלֹמָ֗יו (biš·lō·māw)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 7965: Safe, well, happy, friendly, welfare, health, prosperity, peace

he violates
חִלֵּ֥ל (ḥil·lêl)
Verb - Piel - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2490: To bore, to wound, to dissolve, to profane, to break, to begin, to play

his covenant.
בְּרִיתֽוֹ׃ (bə·rî·ṯōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1285: A covenant
(20) He hath.--As in Psalm 55:12, the individual specially prominent in the traitorous crew is here singled out, and his treachery exposed.

He hath broken . . .--Literally, he perforated. In a note in his work on the Creed, referring to Colossians 2:14, Bishop Pearson says one mode of cancelling a bond was to drive a nail through it.

Verse 20. - He hath put forth his hands against such as be at peace with him. Some explain "he" as "the wicked collectively," and maintain that in this verse and the next no particular person is pointed at; but it seems better to regard the psalmist as "suddenly reverting to the fixed and deepest thought in his heart - the treachery of his friend" (Canon Cook). Ahithophel had put forth his hand against such as were at peace with him." He hath broken his covenant. The covenant of friendship with David (ver. 14), not, perhaps, a formal one, but involved in the terms on which they stood one towards the other. 55:16-23 In every trial let us call upon the Lord, and he will save us. He shall hear us, and not blame us for coming too often; the oftener the more welcome. David had thought all were against him; but now he sees there were many with him, more than he supposed; and the glory of this he gives to God, for it is he that raises us up friends, and makes them faithful to us. There are more true Christians, and believers have more real friends, than in their gloomy hours they suppose. His enemies should be reckoned with, and brought down; they could not ease themselves of their fears, as David could, by faith in God. Mortal men, though ever so high and strong, will easily be crushed by an eternal God. Those who are not reclaimed by the rod of affliction, will certainly be brought down to the pit of destruction. The burden of afflictions is very heavy, especially when attended with the temptations of Satan; there is also the burden of sin and corruption. The only relief under it is, to look to Christ, who bore it. Whatever it is that thou desirest God should give thee, leave it to him to give it in his own way and time. Care is a burden, it makes the heart stoop. We must commit our ways and works to the Lord; let him do as seemeth him good, and let us be satisfied. To cast our burden upon God, is to rest upon his providence and promise. And if we do so, he will carry us in the arms of his power, as a nurse carries a child; and will strengthen our spirits by his Spirit, so that they shall sustain the trial. He will never suffer the righteous to be moved; to be so shaken by any troubles, as to quit their duty to God, or their comfort in him. He will not suffer them to be utterly cast down. He, who bore the burden of our sorrows, desires us to leave to him to bear the burden of our cares, that, as he knows what is best for us, he may provide it accordingly. Why do not we trust Christ to govern the world which he redeemed?
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OT Poetry: Psalm 55:20 He raises his hands against his friends (Psalm Ps Psa.) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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