Zephaniah 2:15
New International Version
This is the city of revelry that lived in safety. She said to herself, "I am the one! And there is none besides me." What a ruin she has become, a lair for wild beasts! All who pass by her scoff and shake their fists.

New Living Translation
This is the boisterous city, once so secure. “I am the greatest!” it boasted. “No other city can compare with me!” But now, look how it has become an utter ruin, a haven for wild animals. Everyone passing by will laugh in derision and shake a defiant fist.

English Standard Version
This is the exultant city that lived securely, that said in her heart, “I am, and there is no one else.” What a desolation she has become, a lair for wild beasts! Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist.

Berean Study Bible
This carefree city that dwells securely, that thinks to herself: ’I am it, and there is none besides me,’ what a ruin she has become, a resting place for beasts. Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist.

New American Standard Bible
This is the exultant city Which dwells securely, Who says in her heart, "I am, and there is no one besides me." How she has become a desolation, A resting place for beasts! Everyone who passes by her will hiss And wave his hand in contempt.

New King James Version
This is the rejoicing city That dwelt securely, That said in her heart, “I am it, and there is none besides me.” How has she become a desolation, A place for beasts to lie down! Everyone who passes by her Shall hiss and shake his fist.

King James Bible
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.

Christian Standard Bible
This is the jubilant city that lives in security, that thinks to herself: I exist, and there is no one else. What a desolation she has become, a place for wild animals to lie down! Everyone who passes by her scoffs and shakes his fist.

Contemporary English Version
This is the glorious city that felt secure and said, "I am the only one!" Now it's merely ruins, a home for wild animals. Every passerby simply sneers and makes vulgar signs.

Good News Translation
That is what will happen to the city that is so proud of its own power and thinks it is safe. Its people think that their city is the greatest in the world. What a desolate place it will become, a place where wild animals will rest! Everyone who passes by will shrink back in horror.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
This is the self-assured city that lives in security, that thinks to herself: I exist, and there is no one else. What a desolation she has become, a place for wild animals to lie down! Everyone who passes by her jeers and shakes his fist.

International Standard Version
This is that carefree city that lived irresponsibly, that told herself, 'Me first!' and, 'There will be no one else!' How ruined she has become— a habitat for wild animals! Everyone who passes by her will sneer at her and make obscene gestures!"

NET Bible
This is how the once-proud city will end up--the city that was so secure. She thought to herself, "I am unique! No one can compare to me!" What a heap of ruins she has become, a place where wild animals live! Everyone who passes by her taunts her and shakes his fist.

New Heart English Bible
This is the joyous city that lived carelessly, that said in her heart, "I am, and there is none besides me." How she has become a desolation, a place for animals to lie down in. Everyone who passes by her will hiss, and shake their fists.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Is this the arrogant city? Is this the city that used to live securely, the city that used to think to itself, "I'm the only one, and no one else exists but me"? What a wasteland it is now, a resting place for wild animals! All who pass by it will hiss and make an obscene gesture.

JPS Tanakh 1917
This is the joyous city That dwelt without care, That said in her heart: 'I am, and there is none else beside me'; How is she become a desolation, A place for beasts to lie down in! Every one that passeth by her Shall hiss, and wag his hand.

New American Standard 1977
This is the exultant city Which dwells securely, Who says in her heart, “I am, and there is no one besides me.” How she has become a desolation, A resting place for beasts! Everyone who passes by her will hiss And wave his hand in contempt.

Jubilee Bible 2000
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! anyone that passes by her shall hiss and wag his hand.

King James 2000 Bible
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt securely, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me: how has she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! everyone that passes by her shall hiss, and shake his fist.

American King James Version
This is the rejoicing city that dwelled carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passes by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.

American Standard Version
This is the joyous city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none besides me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
This is the scornful city that dwells securely, that says in her heart, I am, and there is no longer any to be after me: how is she become desolate, a habitation of wild beasts! every one that passes through her shall hiss, and shake his hands. Alas the glorious and ransomed city.

Douay-Rheims Bible
This is the glorious city that dwelt in security: that said in her heart: I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desert, a place for beasts to lie down in? every one that passeth by her, shall hiss, and wag his hand.

Darby Bible Translation
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt in security, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none else beside me: how is she become a desolation, a couching-place for beasts! Every one that passeth by her shall hiss, shall wave his hand.

English Revised Version
This is the joyous city that dwelt carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none else beside me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.

Webster's Bible Translation
This is the rejoicing city that dwelt in security, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none besides me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passeth by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.

World English Bible
This is the joyous city that lived carelessly, that said in her heart, "I am, and there is none besides me." How she has become a desolation, a place for animals to lie down in! Everyone who passes by her will hiss, and shake their fists.

Young's Literal Translation
This is the exulting city that is dwelling confidently, That is saying in her heart, 'I am, and beside me there is none,' How hath she been for a desolation, A crouching-place for beasts, Every one passing by her doth hiss, He doth shake his hand!
Study Bible
The Judgment on Cush and Assyria
14Herds will lie down in her midst, creatures of every kind. Both the desert owl and screech owl will roost atop her pillars. Their calls will sound from the window, but desolation will lie on the threshold, for He will expose the beams of cedar. 15This carefree city that dwells securely, that thinks to herself: ‘I am it, and there is none besides me,’ what a ruin she has become, a resting place for beasts. Everyone who passes by her hisses and shakes his fist.
Cross References
Revelation 18:7
As much as she has glorified herself and lived in luxury, give her the same measure of torment and grief. In her heart she says, 'I sit as queen; I am not a widow and will never see grief.'

Job 16:4
I could also speak like you if you were in my place; I could heap up words against you and shake my head at you.

Isaiah 22:2
O city of commotion, O town of revelry? Your slain did not die by the sword, nor were they killed in battle.

Isaiah 32:9
Stand up, you complacent women; listen to me. Give ear to my word, you overconfident daughters.

Isaiah 32:11
Shudder, you ladies of leisure; tremble, you daughters of complacency. Strip yourselves bare and put sackcloth around your waists.

Isaiah 32:14
For the palace will be forsaken, the busy city abandoned. The hill and the watchtower will become caves forever--the delight of wild donkeys and a pasture for flocks--

Isaiah 47:8
So now hear this, O lover of luxury, who sits securely, who says to herself, 'I am, and there is none besides me. I will never be a widow or know the loss of children.'

Jeremiah 18:16
They have made their land a desolation, a perpetual object of scorn; everyone who passes by will be appalled and shake their heads.

Jeremiah 19:8
I will make this city a desolation and an object of scorn. All who pass by will be horrified, and will scoff because of all its wounds.

Lamentations 2:15
All who pass by clap their hands at you in scorn. They hiss and shake their heads at the Daughter of Jerusalem: "Is this the city that was called the perfection of beauty, the joy of all the earth?"

Ezekiel 27:36
Those who trade among the nations hiss at you; you have come to a horrible end and will be no more.'"

Ezekiel 28:2
"Son of man, tell the ruler of Tyre that this is what the Lord GOD says: 'Your heart is proud, and you have said, "I am a god; I sit in the seat of gods in the heart of the sea." Yet you are a man and not a god, though you have regarded your heart as that of a god.

Ezekiel 28:9
Will you still say, "I am a god," in the presence of those who slay you? You will be only a man, not a god, in the hands of those who wound you.

Treasury of Scripture

This is the rejoicing city that dwelled carelessly, that said in her heart, I am, and there is none beside me: how is she become a desolation, a place for beasts to lie down in! every one that passes by her shall hiss, and wag his hand.

the rejoicing.

Isaiah 10:12-14
Wherefore it shall come to pass, that when the Lord hath performed his whole work upon mount Zion and on Jerusalem, I will punish the fruit of the stout heart of the king of Assyria, and the glory of his high looks…

Isaiah 22:2
Thou that art full of stirs, a tumultuous city, a joyous city: thy slain men are not slain with the sword, nor dead in battle.

Isaiah 47:7
And thou saidst, I shall be a lady for ever: so that thou didst not lay these things to thy heart, neither didst remember the latter end of it.

I am.

Isaiah 47:8
Therefore hear now this, thou that art given to pleasures, that dwellest carelessly, that sayest in thine heart, I am, and none else beside me; I shall not sit as a widow, neither shall I know the loss of children:

Ezekiel 28:2,9
Son of man, say unto the prince of Tyrus, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Because thine heart is lifted up, and thou hast said, I am a God, I sit in the seat of God, in the midst of the seas; yet thou art a man, and not God, though thou set thine heart as the heart of God: …

Ezekiel 29:3
Speak, and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers, which hath said, My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.

how is.

Isaiah 14:4,5
That thou shalt take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased! the golden city ceased! …

Lamentations 1:1
How doth the city sit solitary, that was full of people! how is she become as a widow! she that was great among the nations, and princess among the provinces, how is she become tributary!

Lamentations 2:1
How hath the Lord covered the daughter of Zion with a cloud in his anger, and cast down from heaven unto the earth the beauty of Israel, and remembered not his footstool in the day of his anger!

every.

1 Kings 9:7,8
Then will I cut off Israel out of the land which I have given them; and this house, which I have hallowed for my name, will I cast out of my sight; and Israel shall be a proverb and a byword among all people: …

Job 27:23
Men shall clap their hands at him, and shall hiss him out of his place.

Psalm 52:6,7
The righteous also shall see, and fear, and shall laugh at him: …







Lexicon
This
זֹ֞֠את (zōṯ)
Pronoun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2063: Hereby in it, likewise, the one other, same, she, so much, such deed, that,

carefree
הָעַלִּיזָה֙ (hā·‘al·lî·zāh)
Article | Adjective - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5947: Exultant, jubilant

city
הָעִ֤יר (hā·‘îr)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5892: Excitement

that dwells
הַיּוֹשֶׁ֣בֶת (hay·yō·wō·še·ḇeṯ)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

securely,
לָבֶ֔טַח (lā·ḇe·ṭaḥ)
Preposition-l | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 983: A place of refuge, safety, safely

that thinks
הָאֹֽמְרָה֙ (hā·’ō·mə·rāh)
Article | Verb - Qal - Participle - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 559: To utter, say

to herself:
בִּלְבָבָ֔הּ (bil·ḇā·ḇāh)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3824: Inner man, mind, will, heart

‘I [am it],
אֲנִ֖י (’ă·nî)
Pronoun - first person common singular
Strong's Hebrew 589: I

and [there is] none
וְאַפְסִ֣י (wə·’ap̄·sî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's Hebrew 657: Cessation, an end, no further, the ankle, foot

besides me,’
ע֑וֹד (‘ō·wḏ)
Adverb
Strong's Hebrew 5750: Iteration, continuance, again, repeatedly, still, more

what
אֵ֣יךְ ׀ (’êḵ)
Interjection
Strong's Hebrew 349: How?, how!, where

a ruin
לְשַׁמָּ֗ה (lə·šam·māh)
Preposition-l | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8047: Ruin, consternation

she has become,
הָיְתָ֣ה (hā·yə·ṯāh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a resting place
מַרְבֵּץ֙ (mar·bêṣ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 4769: A reclining place, fold

for beasts.
לַֽחַיָּ֔ה (la·ḥay·yāh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 2416: Alive, raw, fresh, strong, life

Everyone
כֹּ֚ל (kōl)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3605: The whole, all, any, every

who passes
עוֹבֵ֣ר (‘ō·w·ḇêr)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5674: To pass over, through, or by, pass on

by her
עָלֶ֔יהָ (‘ā·le·hā)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5921: Above, over, upon, against

hisses
יִשְׁרֹ֖ק (yiš·rōq)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 8319: To be shrill, to whistle, hiss

and shakes
יָנִ֥יעַ (yā·nî·a‘)
Verb - Hifil - Imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 5128: To quiver, wave, waver, tremble, totter

his fist.
יָדֽוֹ׃ (yā·ḏōw)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's Hebrew 3027: A hand
Verse 15. - This is the rejoicing city. Such is the fate of this once exulting city, that dwelt carelessly, secure, with no fear of danger at hand (Isaiah 47:8, on which this passage is founded). I am, and there is none beside me. Thus, in effect, Nineveh claimed for himself the attributes of Almighty God. She stands alone, mistress of nations, a type of the powers of this world, which deify themselves and defy the Lord. Septuagint, Οὐκ ἔστι μετ ἐμὲ ἔτι, "There is no more any after me." Shall hiss. In scorn (Job 27:23; Jeremiah 19:8; Micah 6:16). Wag his hand. He shall shake or wave his hand with the gesture of dismissal, as if saying, "Away with thee! get thee gone!" - a rehearsal of the awful "Depart ye!" in the final judgment (comp. Nahum 3:19).



2:4-15 Those are really in a woful condition who have the word of the Lord against them, for no word of his shall fall to the ground. God will restore his people to their rights, though long kept from them. It has been the common lot of God's people, in all ages, to be reproached and reviled. God shall be worshipped, not only by all Israel, and the strangers who join them, but by the heathen. Remote nations must be reckoned with for the wrongs done to God's people. The sufferings of the insolent and haughty in prosperity, are unpitied and unlamented. But all the desolations of flourishing nations will make way for the overturning Satan's kingdom. Let us improve our advantages, and expect the performance of every promise, praying that our Father's name may be hallowed every where, over all the earth.
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OT Prophets: Zephaniah 2:15 This is the joyous city that lived (Zeph. Zep Zp) Christian Bible Study Resources, Dictionary, Concordance and Search Tools
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