1 Chronicles 19:7
New International Version
They hired thirty-two thousand chariots and charioteers, as well as the king of Maakah with his troops, who came and camped near Medeba, while the Ammonites were mustered from their towns and moved out for battle.

New Living Translation
They also hired 32,000 chariots and secured the support of the king of Maacah and his army. These forces camped at Medeba, where they were joined by the Ammonite troops that Hanun had recruited from his own towns.

English Standard Version
They hired 32,000 chariots and the king of Maacah with his army, who came and encamped before Medeba. And the Ammonites were mustered from their cities and came to battle.

Berean Study Bible
So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, as well as the king of Maacah with his troops, who came and camped near Medeba while the Ammonites came from their cities and marched out for battle.

King James Bible
So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

New King James Version
So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, with the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. Also the people of Ammon gathered together from their cities, and came to battle.

New American Standard Bible
So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and camped opposite Medeba. And the sons of Ammon gathered together from their cities and came to the battle.

NASB 1995
So they hired for themselves 32,000 chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and camped before Medeba. And the sons of Ammon gathered together from their cities and came to battle.

NASB 1977
So they hired for themselves 32,000 chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and camped before Medeba. And the sons of Ammon gathered together from their cities and came to battle.

Amplified Bible
So they hired for themselves 32,000 chariots and the king of Maacah and his troops, who came and camped before Medeba. And the Ammonites gathered together from their cities and came to battle.

Christian Standard Bible
They hired thirty-two thousand chariots and the king of Maacah with his army, who came and camped near Medeba. The Ammonites also came together from their cities for the battle.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
They hired 32,000 chariots and the king of Maacah with his army, who came and camped near Medeba. The Ammonites also came together from their cities for the battle.

American Standard Version
So they hired them thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they hired for themselves thirty two thousand horsemen, and the King of Kharan, and the King of Adum, and the King of Aram Nahrayn, and the King of Netsibin and their armies, and they came and they encamped before Medeba, and the sons of Amon were assembled from their cities and they came to the battle.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they hired for themselves two and thirty thousand chariots, and the king of Maacha and his people; and they came and encamped before Medaba: and the children of Ammon assembled out of their cities, and came to fight.

Contemporary English Version
Thirty-two thousand troops, as well as the king of Maacah and his army, came and camped near Medeba. The Ammonite troops also left their towns and came to prepare for battle.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And they hired two and thirty thousand chariots, and the king of Maacha, with his people. And they came and camped over against Medaba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together out of their cities, and came to battle.

English Revised Version
So they hired them thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cites, and came to battle.

Good News Translation
The thirty-two thousand chariots they hired and the army of the king of Maacah came and camped near Medeba. The Ammonites too came out from all their cities and got ready to fight.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
They hired 32,000 chariots and the king of Maacah with his army. They camped near Medeba. The Ammonites gathered for the battle from their cities.

International Standard Version
They hired 32,000 chariots, along with the king of Maacah and his army, who arrived and encamped at Medeba. The Ammonites also were mustered and came out to battle from their home cities.

JPS Tanakh 1917
So they hired them thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people; who came and encamped before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

Literal Standard Version
and they hire for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people, and they come in and encamp before Medeba, and the sons of Ammon have been gathered out of their cities, and come to the battle.

NET Bible
They hired 32,000 chariots, along with the king of Maacah and his army, who came and camped in front of Medeba. The Ammonites also assembled from their cities and marched out to do battle.

New Heart English Bible
So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and camped before Medeba. The people of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

World English Bible
So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, and the king of Maacah and his people, who came and encamped before Medeba. The children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

Young's Literal Translation
and they hire to them two and thirty thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people, and they come in and encamp before Medeba, and the sons of Ammon have been gathered out of their cities, and come in to the battle.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David's Messengers Disgraced
6When the Ammonites realized that they had become a stench to David, Hanun and the Ammonites sent a thousand talents of silver to hire for themselves chariots and horsemen from Aram-naharaim, Aram-maacah, and Zobah. 7So they hired for themselves thirty-two thousand chariots, as well as the king of Maacah with his troops, who came and camped near Medeba while the Ammonites came from their cities and marched out for battle. 8On hearing this, David sent Joab and the entire army of mighty men.…

Cross References
Numbers 21:30
But we have overthrown them; Heshbon is destroyed as far as Dibon. We demolished them as far as Nophah, which reaches to Medeba."

Joshua 13:9
The area from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Valley, along with the city in the middle of the valley, the whole plateau of Medeba as far as Dibon,

Joshua 13:16
The territory from Aroer on the rim of the Arnon Valley, along with the city in the middle of the valley, to the whole plateau beyond Medeba,

1 Chronicles 19:8
On hearing this, David sent Joab and the entire army of mighty men.


Treasury of Scripture

So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people; who came and pitched before Medeba. And the children of Ammon gathered themselves together from their cities, and came to battle.

hired

1 Chronicles 18:4
And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.

Exodus 14:9
But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pihahiroth, before Baalzephon.

Judges 4:3
And the children of Israel cried unto the LORD: for he had nine hundred chariots of iron; and twenty years he mightily oppressed the children of Israel.

1 Chronicles 10:6
So Saul died, and his three sons, and all his house died together.

1 Chronicles 21:7
And God was displeased with this thing; therefore he smote Israel.

the king of Maachah.

Medeba

Numbers 21:30
We have shot at them; Heshbon is perished even unto Dibon, and we have laid them waste even unto Nophah, which reacheth unto Medeba.

Joshua 13:9
From Aroer, that is upon the bank of the river Arnon, and the city that is in the midst of the river, and all the plain of Medeba unto Dibon;

Isaiah 15:2
He is gone up to Bajith, and to Dibon, the high places, to weep: Moab shall howl over Nebo, and over Medeba: on all their heads shall be baldness, and every beard cut off.









(7) So they hired thirty and two thousand chariots, and the king of Maachah and his people.--The account which the chronicler has followed here did not state the relative strength of the contingents, yet its estimate of the total number of the allied forces is in substantial accord with that of Samuel. The chronicler puts the total at 32,000 + the Maachathite contingent; Samuel at 32,000 + 1,000 Maachathites. The expression "32,000 chariotry" (rekeb) is not to be pressed. The writer wished to lay proper stress on the chariots and cavalry as the chief arm of the Aramaean states, and at the same time to be as concise as possible. That he was not thinking of 32,000 chariots in the literal sense is clear, (1) because he must have known that an army would not consist of chariots only; (2) in 1Chronicles 18:4 he had already assigned to the army of Zobah its natural proportions of chariots, cavalry, and infantry. (Comp. 1Chronicles 19:18, below.) The present text of Samuel can hardly be right, as it makes the whole army consist of infantry. (Comp. 2Samuel 8:4.) The great plains of Aram were a natural training-ground for horsemen and charioteers.

Who came and pitched (their camp) before Medeba.--Another detail peculiar to the Chronicles. Medeba, the meeting-place of the Aramaean forces, lay south-east of Heshbon, on a site now known as Madibiya.

And the children of Ammon gathered themselves . . .--The muster of the Ammonites is not mentioned in Samuel.

Verse 7. - Thirty and two thousand chariots. The reading in the parallel place is evidently what is intended (comp. 1 Chronicles 18:4 with its parallel, 2 Samuel 8:4). Clearly a stop should follow the numeral, which designates the number of the men under arms. Medeba. Some four miles south-cast of Heshbon (Numbers 21:30; Joshua 13:9, 16; Isaiah 15:2), or others give it as nine miles. It is not given in Samuel.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So they hired
וַיִּשְׂכְּר֣וּ (way·yiś·kə·rū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 7936: To hire

for themselves
לָהֶ֡ם (lā·hem)
Preposition | third person masculine plural
Strong's Hebrew

thirty-two
שְׁנַיִם֩ (šə·na·yim)
Number - md
Strong's 8147: Two (a cardinal number)

thousand
אֶ֜לֶף (’e·lep̄)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 505: A thousand

chariots,
רֶ֗כֶב (re·ḵeḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7393: A vehicle, a team, cavalry, a rider, the upper millstone

as well as
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

the king
מֶ֤לֶךְ (me·leḵ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4428: A king

of Maacah
מַעֲכָה֙ (ma·‘ă·ḵāh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 4601: Maacah -- an Israelite name, also a non-Israelite name, also a region in Syria

with his troops,
עַמּ֔וֹ (‘am·mōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 5971: A people, a tribe, troops, attendants, a flock

who came
וַיָּבֹ֕אוּ (way·yā·ḇō·’ū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 935: To come in, come, go in, go

and camped
וַֽיַּחֲנ֖וּ (way·ya·ḥă·nū)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 2583: To incline, to decline, to pitch a, tent, gen, to encamp

near
לִפְנֵ֣י (lip̄·nê)
Preposition-l | Noun - common plural construct
Strong's 6440: The face

Medeba
מֵידְבָ֑א (mê·ḏə·ḇā)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4311: Medeba -- a city in Moab

while the Ammonites
וּבְנֵ֣י (ū·ḇə·nê)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 1121: A son

came from their cities
מֵעָ֣רֵיהֶ֔ם (mê·‘ā·rê·hem)
Preposition-m | Noun - feminine plural construct | third person masculine plural
Strong's 5892: Excitement

and marched out
נֶאֶסְפוּ֙ (ne·’es·p̄ū)
Verb - Nifal - Perfect - third person common plural
Strong's 622: To gather for, any purpose, to receive, take away, remove

for battle.
לַמִּלְחָמָֽה׃ פ (lam·mil·ḥā·māh)
Preposition-l, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4421: A battle, war


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Ammon Ammonites Army Assembled Battle Camped Charioteers Chariots Children Cities Encamped Gathered Hired Maacah Ma'acah Maachah Medeba Med'eba Moved Mustered Pitched Themselves Thirty Thirty-Two Thousand Together Towns
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Ammon Ammonites Army Assembled Battle Camped Charioteers Chariots Children Cities Encamped Gathered Hired Maacah Ma'acah Maachah Medeba Med'eba Moved Mustered Pitched Themselves Thirty Thirty-Two Thousand Together Towns
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OT History: 1 Chronicles 19:7 So they hired them thirty-two thousand chariots (1 Chron. 1Ch iCh i Ch 1 chr 1chr)
1 Chronicles 19:6
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