1 Samuel 16:20
New International Version
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

New Living Translation
Jesse responded by sending David to Saul, along with a young goat, a donkey loaded with bread, and a wineskin full of wine.

English Standard Version
And Jesse took a donkey laden with bread and a skin of wine and a young goat and sent them by David his son to Saul.

Berean Study Bible
And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat, and sent them to Saul with his son David.

King James Bible
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

New King James Version
And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by his son David to Saul.

New American Standard Bible
And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a jug of wine, and he took a young goat, and sent them to Saul by his son David.

NASB 1995
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent them to Saul by David his son.

NASB 1977
And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent them to Saul by David his son.

Amplified Bible
Jesse took a donkey [loaded with] bread and a jug of wine and a young goat, and sent them to Saul with David his son.

Christian Standard Bible
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a wineskin, and one young goat and sent them by his son David to Saul.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat and sent them by his son David to Saul.

American Standard Version
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And Iyshay took a donkey and he loaded bread and wineskins of wine and one goat of the goats, and he sent by the hand of David his son to Shaul

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And Jessae took a homer of bread, and a bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and sent them by the hand of his son David to Saul.

Contemporary English Version
Jesse loaded a donkey with bread and a goatskin full of wine, then he told David to take the donkey and a young goat to Saul.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And Isai took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid of the flock, and sent them by the hand of David his son to Saul.

English Revised Version
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Good News Translation
Jesse sent David to Saul with a young goat, a donkey loaded with bread, and a leather bag full of wine.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
Jesse took six bushels of bread, a full wineskin, and a young goat and sent them with his son David to Saul.

International Standard Version
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a container of wine, and one kid, and sent them to Saul along with his son David.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son unto Saul.

Literal Standard Version
And Jesse takes a donkey, bread, and a bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and sends [them] by the hand of his son David to Saul.

NET Bible
So Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a container of wine, and a young goat and sent them to Saul with his son David.

New Heart English Bible
And Jesse took a donkey and loaded it with an omer of bread, and a skin of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

World English Bible
Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a young goat, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jesse taketh an ass, with bread, and a bottle of wine, and one kid of the goats, and sendeth by the hand of David his son unto Saul.

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Serves Saul
19So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, “Send me your son David, who is with the sheep.” 20And Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread, a skin of wine, and one young goat, and sent them to Saul with his son David. 21When David came to Saul and entered his service, Saul admired him greatly, and David became his armor-bearer.…

Cross References
1 Samuel 10:4
They will greet you and give you two loaves of bread, which you will accept from their hands.

1 Samuel 10:27
But some worthless men said, "How can this man save us?" So they despised him and brought him no gifts; but Saul remained silent about it.

1 Samuel 16:19
So Saul sent messengers to Jesse and said, "Send me your son David, who is with the sheep."

1 Samuel 17:18
Take also these ten portions of cheese to the commander of their unit. Check on the welfare of your brothers and bring back an assurance from them.

Proverbs 18:16
A man's gift opens doors for him, and brings him before great men.


Treasury of Scripture

And Jesse took an ass laden with bread, and a bottle of wine, and a kid, and sent them by David his son to Saul.

an ass laden.

1 Samuel 10:27
But the children of Belial said, How shall this man save us? And they despised him, and brought him no presents. But he held his peace.

1 Samuel 17:18
And carry these ten cheeses unto the captain of their thousand, and look how thy brethren fare, and take their pledge.

1 Samuel 25:18
Then Abigail made haste, and took two hundred loaves, and two bottles of wine, and five sheep ready dressed, and five measures of parched corn, and an hundred clusters of raisins, and two hundred cakes of figs, and laid them on asses.









(20) And Jesse took an ass.--It was and is ever customary in the East to acknowledge obedience and subjection with a present. Jesse, the sheik of Bethlehem, would thus be expected on sending his son to the court of Saul to acknowledge his sovereign by some token of homage.

The nature of Jesse's gifts shows how simple and primitive were the customs of the Hebrew people at that time.



Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
And Jesse
יִשַׁ֜י (yi·šay)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3448: Jesse -- father of David

took
וַיִּקַּ֨ח (way·yiq·qaḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

a donkey [loaded with]
חֲמ֥וֹר (ḥă·mō·wr)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2543: A male ass

bread,
לֶ֙חֶם֙ (le·ḥem)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3899: Food, bread, grain

a skin
וְנֹ֣אד (wə·nōḏ)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4997: A skin bottle, skin

of wine,
יַ֔יִן (ya·yin)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3196: Wine, intoxication

and one
אֶחָ֑ד (’e·ḥāḏ)
Number - masculine singular
Strong's 259: United, one, first

young goat,
וּגְדִ֥י (ū·ḡə·ḏî)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 1423: A kid (a young goat)

and sent them
וַיִּשְׁלַ֛ח (way·yiš·laḥ)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7971: To send away, for, out

to
אֶל־ (’el-)
Preposition
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Saul
שָׁאֽוּל׃ (šā·’ūl)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 7586: Saul -- first king of Israel, also an Edomite and two Israelites

with
בְּיַד־ (bə·yaḏ-)
Preposition-b | Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 3027: A hand

his son
בְּנ֖וֹ (bə·nōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1121: A son

David.
דָּוִ֥ד (dā·wiḏ)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 1732: David -- perhaps 'beloved one', a son of Jesse


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OT History: 1 Samuel 16:20 Jesse took a donkey loaded with bread (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 16:19
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