1 Samuel 21:3
New International Version
Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever you can find.”

New Living Translation
Now, what is there to eat? Give me five loaves of bread or anything else you have.”

English Standard Version
Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever is here.”

Berean Study Bible
Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.”

King James Bible
Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or what there is present.

New King James Version
Now therefore, what have you on hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever can be found.”

New American Standard Bible
Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.”

NASB 1995
“Now therefore, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.”

NASB 1977
“Now therefore, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.”

Amplified Bible
Now what [food] do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.”

Christian Standard Bible
Now what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever can be found.”

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Now what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever can be found.”

American Standard Version
Now therefore what is under thy hand? give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatsoever there is present.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And David said to Akhimelek the Priest: “The King commanded me something and said to me, “No man shall know the thing for which I send you and command you and the young men. I discovered the place of a garden and a secret place

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And now if there are under thy hand five loaves, give into my hand what is ready.

Contemporary English Version
Do you have any food you can give me? Could you spare five loaves of bread?"

Douay-Rheims Bible
Now therefore if thou have any thing at hand, though it were but five loaves, give me, or whatsoever thou canst find.

English Revised Version
Now therefore what is under thine hand? give me five loaves of bread in mine hand, or whatsoever there is present.

Good News Translation
Now, then, what supplies do you have? Give me five loaves of bread or anything else you have."

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[David added,] "Now, what do you have [to eat]? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever you can find."

International Standard Version
Now, what do you have available? Give me five loaves of bread or whatever you have."

JPS Tanakh 1917
Now therefore what is under thy hand? five loaves of bread? give them in my hand, or whatsoever there is present.'

Literal Standard Version
And now, what is there under your hand? Give five loaves into my hand, or that which is found.”

NET Bible
Now what do you have at your disposal? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found."

New Heart English Bible
Now, if there are five loaves of bread under your control, give them into my hand, or whatever there is."

World English Bible
Now therefore what is under your hand? Give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or whatever there is present."

Young's Literal Translation
and now, what is there under thy hand? five loaves give into my hand, or that which is found.'

Additional Translations ...
Context
David Takes the Consecrated Bread
2“The king has given me a mission,” David replied. “He told me no one is to know about the mission or charge. And I have directed my young men to meet me at a certain place. 3Now then, what do you have on hand? Give me five loaves of bread, or whatever can be found.” 4“There is no common bread on hand,” the priest replied, “but there is some consecrated bread—provided that the young men have kept themselves from women.”…

Cross References
1 Samuel 21:2
"The king has given me a mission," David replied. "He told me no one is to know about the mission or charge. And I have directed my young men to meet me at a certain place.

1 Samuel 21:4
"There is no common bread on hand," the priest replied, "but there is some consecrated bread--provided that the young men have kept themselves from women."


Treasury of Scripture

Now therefore what is under your hand? give me five loaves of bread in my hand, or what there is present.

under thine

1 Samuel 21:4
And the priest answered David, and said, There is no common bread under mine hand, but there is hallowed bread; if the young men have kept themselves at least from women.

Judges 9:29
And would to God this people were under my hand! then would I remove Abimelech. And he said to Abimelech, Increase thine army, and come out.

Isaiah 3:6
When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand:

present [heb] found









Verses 3, 4. - What is under thine hand? This does not mean that Ahimelech was himself carrying the shewbread out of the tabernacle, but simply, "What hast thou? The sense of the whole verse is, "Now, therefore, what hast thou at hand? Give me five loaves, or whatever there may be." Ahimelech answers, "There is no common bread at hand." I have no ordinary food; there is only hallowed bread, that is, the shewbread, which, after remaining in Jehovah's presence from sabbath to sabbath, was then to be eaten by the priests in the holy place (Leviticus 24:8, 9). As Ahimelech could not venture to refuse David's request, he asks if his attendants are at least ceremonially clean, as in that case the urgency of the king's business might excuse the breach of the letter of the commandment. Our Lord in Matthew 12:3 cites this as a case in which the inward spirit of the law was kept, and the violation of its literal precept thereby justified.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Now then,
וְעַתָּ֗ה (wə·‘at·tāh)
0
Strong's 6258: At this time

what
מַה־ (mah-)
0
Strong's 4100: What?, what!, indefinitely what

do you have
יֵּ֧שׁ (yêš)
0
Strong's 3426: Being, substance, existence, is

on
תַּֽחַת־ (ta·ḥaṯ-)
0
Strong's 8478: The bottom, below, in lieu of

hand?
יָדְךָ֛ (yā·ḏə·ḵā)
0
Strong's 3027: A hand

Give [me]
תְּנָ֣ה (tə·nāh)
0
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

five [loaves of]
חֲמִשָּׁה־ (ḥă·miš·šāh-)
0
Strong's 2568: Five

bread,
לֶ֖חֶם (le·ḥem)
0
Strong's 3899: Food, bread, grain

or
א֖וֹ (’ōw)
0
Strong's 176: Desire, if

whatever can be found.”
הַנִּמְצָֽא׃ (han·nim·ṣā)
Conjunctive waw | Adverb
Strong's 4672: To come forth to, appear, exist, to attain, find, acquire, to occur, meet, be present


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OT History: 1 Samuel 21:3 Now therefore what is under your hand? (1Sa iSam 1 Sam i sa)
1 Samuel 21:2
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