Exodus 23:1
New International Version
"Do not spread false reports. Do not help a guilty person by being a malicious witness.

New Living Translation
“You must not pass along false rumors. You must not cooperate with evil people by lying on the witness stand.

English Standard Version
“You shall not spread a false report. You shall not join hands with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

Berean Study Bible
“You shall not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked by being a malicious witness.

King James Bible
Thou shalt not raise a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

New King James Version
“You shall not circulate a false report. Do not put your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

New American Standard Bible
“You shall not give a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked person to be a malicious witness.

NASB 1995
"You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

NASB 1977
“You shall not bear a false report; do not join your hand with a wicked man to be a malicious witness.

Amplified Bible
“You shall not give a false report; you shall not join hands with the wicked to be a malicious witness [promoting wrong and violence].

Christian Standard Bible
“You must not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked to be a malicious witness.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You must not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked to be a malicious witness."

American Standard Version
Thou shalt not take up a false report: put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
You shall not confirm a false report; you shall not stretch your hand with the guilty to be a lying witness for him.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
Thou shalt not receive a vain report: thou shalt not agree with the unjust man to become an unjust witness.

Contemporary English Version
Don't spread harmful rumors or help a criminal by giving false evidence.

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt not receive the voice of a lie: neither shalt thou join thy hand to bear false witness for a wicked person.

English Revised Version
Thou shalt not take up a false report: put not thine hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Good News Translation
"Do not spread false rumors, and do not help a guilty person by giving false testimony.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
[The LORD continued,] "Never spread false rumors. Don't join forces with wicked people by giving false testimony.

International Standard Version
"You are not to spread a false report, nor are you to join forces with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Thou shalt not utter a false report; put not thy hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

Literal Standard Version
You do not lift up a vain report; you do not put your hand with a wicked man to be a violent witness.

NET Bible
"You must not give a false report. Do not make common cause with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall not spread a false report. Do not join your hand with the wicked to be an unjust witness.

World English Bible
"You shall not spread a false report. Don't join your hand with the wicked to be a malicious witness.

Young's Literal Translation
'Thou dost not lift up a vain report; thou dost not put thy hand with a wicked man to be a violent witness.

Additional Translations ...
Context
Justice and Mercy
1“You shall not spread a false report. Do not join the wicked by being a malicious witness. 2You shall not follow the crowd in wrongdoing. When you testify in a lawsuit, do not pervert justice by siding with the crowd.…

Cross References
Luke 3:14
Then some soldiers asked him, "And what should we do?" "Do not take money by force or false accusation," he said. "Be content with your wages."

John 7:51
"Does our law convict a man without first hearing from him to determine what he has done?"

Acts 6:11
Then they prompted some men to say, "We heard Stephen speak words of blasphemy against Moses and against God."

Genesis 39:17
Then she told him the same story: "The Hebrew slave you brought us came to me to make sport of me,

Exodus 20:16
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Leviticus 19:11
You must not steal. You must not lie or deceive one another.

Deuteronomy 5:20
You shall not bear false witness against your neighbor.

Deuteronomy 19:16
If a false witness testifies against someone, accusing him of a crime,

Psalm 15:3
who has no slander on his tongue, who does no harm to his neighbor, who casts no scorn on his friend,

Psalm 35:11
Hostile witnesses come forward; they make charges I know nothing about.

Psalm 101:5
Whoever slanders his neighbor in secret, I will put to silence; the one with haughty eyes and a proud heart, I will not endure.

Proverbs 10:18
The one who conceals hatred has lying lips, and whoever spreads slander is a fool.

Proverbs 14:5
An honest witness does not deceive, but a dishonest witness pours forth lies.

Proverbs 19:5
A false witness will not go unpunished, and one who utters lies will not escape.


Treasury of Scripture

You shall not raise a false report: put not your hand with the wicked to be an unrighteous witness.

shalt not

Exodus 23:7
Keep thee far from a false matter; and the innocent and righteous slay thou not: for I will not justify the wicked.

Exodus 20:16
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Leviticus 19:16
Thou shalt not go up and down as a talebearer among thy people: neither shalt thou stand against the blood of thy neighbour: I am the LORD.

raise or receive.

Deuteronomy 5:20
Neither shalt thou bear false witness against thy neighbour.

Deuteronomy 19:16-21
If a false witness rise up against any man to testify against him that which is wrong; …

1 Kings 21:10-13
And set two men, sons of Belial, before him, to bear witness against him, saying, Thou didst blaspheme God and the king. And then carry him out, and stone him, that he may die…









XXIII.

(1-19) The "miscellaneous laws" are here continued. From Exodus 23:1 to Exodus 23:9 no kind of sequence in the laws can be traced; from Exodus 23:10 to the first clause of Exodus 23:19 there is, on the contrary, a certain connection, since the laws enunciated are concerned with ceremonial observance. The closing law, however, is not ceremonial, but the prohibition of a practice considered to be cruel. On the whole, it may be said that The Book of the Covenant maintains its unsystematic character to the close. (See Note on Exodus 20:22-26.)

(1) Thou shalt not raise a false report.--The LXX. and Vulg. Translate, "Thou shalt not receive a false report"--i.e., give it credit, accept it as true, and act upon it. This meaning accords well with the succeeding clause, which forbids our giving support to the false testimony of others. In both clauses the principle of the ninth commandment is extended from principals to accessories.

Verse 1. - The ninth commandment is here expanded and developed. Thou shalt not raise a false report, forbids the origination of a calumny; the other clause prohibits the joining with others in spreading one. Both clauses have a special reference to bearing witness in a court, but neither would seem to be confined to it.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
You shall not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

spread
תִשָּׂ֖א (ṯiś·śā)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 5375: To lift, carry, take

a false
שָׁ֑וְא (šāw)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7723: Evil, idolatry, uselessness

report.
שֵׁ֣מַע (šê·ma‘)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 8088: Something heard, a sound, rumor, announcement, audience

Do not
אַל־ (’al-)
Adverb
Strong's 408: Not

join
תָּ֤שֶׁת (tā·šeṯ)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect Jussive - second person masculine singular
Strong's 7896: To put, set

the wicked
רָשָׁ֔ע (rā·šā‘)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 7563: Wrong, an, bad person

by being
לִהְיֹ֖ת (lih·yōṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

a malicious
חָמָֽס׃ (ḥā·mās)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2555: Violence, wrong, by meton, unjust gain

witness.
עֵ֥ד (‘êḏ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 5707: A witness, testimony, a recorder, prince


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OT Law: Exodus 23:1 You shall not spread a false report (Exo. Ex)
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