Exodus 25:31
New International Version
“Make a lampstand of pure gold. Hammer out its base and shaft, and make its flowerlike cups, buds and blossoms of one piece with them.

New Living Translation
“Make a lampstand of pure, hammered gold. Make the entire lampstand and its decorations of one piece—the base, center stem, lamp cups, buds, and petals.

English Standard Version
“You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand shall be made of hammered work: its base, its stem, its cups, its calyxes, and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.

Berean Study Bible
Then you are to make a lampstand of pure, hammered gold. It shall be made of one piece, including its base and shaft, its cups, and its buds and petals.

King James Bible
And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

New King James Version
“You shall also make a lampstand of pure gold; the lampstand shall be of hammered work. Its shaft, its branches, its bowls, its ornamental knobs, and flowers shall be of one piece.

New American Standard Bible
“Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand, its base and its shaft, are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs, and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.

NASB 1995
“Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand and its base and its shaft are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.

NASB 1977
“Then you shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand and its base and its shaft are to be made of hammered work; its cups, its bulbs and its flowers shall be of one piece with it.

Amplified Bible
“You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand and its base and its shaft shall be made of hammered work; its cups, its calyxes and its flowers shall be all of one piece with it.

Christian Standard Bible
“You are to make a lampstand out of pure, hammered gold. It is to be made of one piece: its base and shaft, its ornamental cups, and its buds and petals.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
You are to make a lampstand out of pure, hammered gold. It is to be made of one piece: its base and shaft, its ornamental cups, and its calyxes and petals.

American Standard Version
And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, its knops, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And make a lamp stand of pure gold; you shall make the menorah of smelting; its base and its branches and its bowls and its apples and its lilies shall be of it.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold; thou shalt make the candlestick of graven work: its stem and its branches, and its bowls and its knops and its lilies shall be of one piece.

Contemporary English Version
Make a lampstand of pure gold. The whole lampstand, including its decorative flowers, must be made from a single piece of hammered gold

Douay-Rheims Bible
Thou shalt make also a candlestick of beaten work of the finest gold, the shaft thereof, and the branches, the cups, and the bowls, and the lilies going forth from it.

English Revised Version
And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, its knops, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it:

Good News Translation
"Make a lampstand of pure gold. Make its base and its shaft of hammered gold; its decorative flowers, including buds and petals, are to form one piece with it.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Make a lamp stand out of pure gold. The lamp stand, its base, and its shaft, as well as the flower cups, buds, and petals must be hammered out of one piece of gold.

International Standard Version
"You are to make a lamp stand of pure gold: the lamp stand and its base and stem shall be of hammered work, and its cups, calyxes, and flowers are to be of one piece with it.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And thou shalt make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made, even its base, and its shaft; its cups, its knops, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it.

Literal Standard Version
And you have made a lampstand of pure gold; the lampstand is made of beaten work; its base, and its branch, its calyxes, its knobs, and its flowers are of the same;

NET Bible
"You are to make a lampstand of pure gold. The lampstand is to be made of hammered metal; its base and its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its blossoms are to be from the same piece.

New Heart English Bible
"You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work shall the lampstand be made, even its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it.

World English Bible
"You shall make a lampstand of pure gold. Of hammered work shall the lampstand be made, even its base, its shaft, its cups, its buds, and its flowers, shall be of one piece with it.

Young's Literal Translation
'And thou hast made a candlestick of pure gold, of beaten work is the candlestick made; its base, and its branch, its calyxes, its knops, and its flowers are of the same;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Golden Lampstand
31Then you are to make a lampstand of pure, hammered gold. It shall be made of one piece, including its base and shaft, its cups, and its buds and petals. 32Six branches are to extend from the sides of the lampstand—three on one side and three on the other.…

Cross References
Hebrews 9:2
A tabernacle was prepared. In its first room were the lampstand, the table, and the consecrated bread. This was called the Holy Place.

Exodus 25:34
And on the lampstand there shall be four cups shaped like almond blossoms with buds and petals.

Exodus 25:36
The buds and branches are to be all of one piece with the lampstand, hammered out of pure gold.

Exodus 35:14
the lampstand for light with its accessories and lamps and oil for the light;

Exodus 37:17
Then he made the lampstand out of pure hammered gold, all of one piece: its base and shaft, its cups, and its buds and petals.

Exodus 37:20
And on the lampstand were four cups shaped like almond blossoms with buds and petals.

Exodus 37:22
The buds and branches were all of one piece with the lampstand, hammered out of pure gold.


Treasury of Scripture

And you shall make a candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work shall the candlestick be made: his shaft, and his branches, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, shall be of the same.

a candlestick

Exodus 35:14
The candlestick also for the light, and his furniture, and his lamps, with the oil for the light,

Exodus 37:17-24
And he made the candlestick of pure gold: of beaten work made he the candlestick; his shaft, and his branch, his bowls, his knops, and his flowers, were of the same: …

Exodus 40:24,25
And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward…

his knops

1 Kings 6:18
And the cedar of the house within was carved with knops and open flowers: all was cedar; there was no stone seen.

1 Kings 7:24
And under the brim of it round about there were knops compassing it, ten in a cubit, compassing the sea round about: the knops were cast in two rows, when it was cast.









THE GOLDEN CANDLESTICK.

(31-39) The golden candlestick, like the table of shewbread, was represented on the Arch of Titus, and the careful copy made under the direction of Reland in 1710, and published in his work, De Spoliis Templi, gives probably the best idea that can be formed of it. It was composed of a straight stem, rising perpendicularly from a base, and having on either side of it three curved arms or branches, all of them in the same plane, and all rising to the same level. The stem and arms were ornamented with representations of almond flowers, pomegranates, and lily blossoms, repeated as there was room for them, the top ornament being in every case a lily blossom, which held a hemispherical lamp. The form and ornamentation of the base are unknown, since the representation of the base upon the Arch of Titus is manifestly from some Roman work which had superseded the original pedestal. The special object of the candlestick seems to have been to give light by night. Its lamps were to be lighted at even (Exodus 30:8) by the High Priest, and were to burn from evening to morning (Exodus 27:21), when they were to be "dressed," or trimmed (Exodus 30:7), and "extinguished" (Kalisch, Comment, on Exodus, p. 370). The Holy Place had sufficient light during the day from the entrance, where the curtain would let the light through, if indeed it were not also partially looped up.

(31) Of beaten work.--Like the cherubim. (See Note on Exodus 25:18.)

His bowls, his knops, and his flowers.--Rather, its cups, its pomegranates, and its blossoms. The "cups" are afterwards said to be "like almonds" (Exodus 25:33), i.e., almond blossoms. . . .

Verse 31. - A candlestick. The golden candlestick is figured upon the Arch of Titus, and appears by that representation to have consisted of an upright shaft, from which three curved branches were carried out on either side, all of them in the same plane. It stands there on an octagonal pedestal, in two stages, ornamented with figures of birds and sea-monsters. This pedestal is, however, clearly Roman work, and no part of the original. Of beaten work. Not cast, but fashioned by the hand, like the cherubim (ver. 18). His shaft. Rather, "its base" (literally "flank"). His branches. Our version follows the Septuagint; but the Hebrew noun is in the singular number, and seems to designate the upright stem, or shaft. The "branches are not mentioned till ver. 32, where the same noun is used in the plural. His bowls, his knops, and his flowers. Rather, "its cups, its pomegranates, and its lilies." The "cups" are afterwards likened to almond flowers (ver. 33); they formed the first ornament on each branch; above them was a representation of the pomegranate fruit; above this a lily blossom. The lily-blossoms supported the lamps, which were separate (ver. 37). The remainder were of one piece with the candlestick.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then you are to make
וְעָשִׂ֥יתָ (wə·‘ā·śî·ṯā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Conjunctive perfect - second person masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

a lampstand
מְנֹרַ֖ת (mə·nō·raṯ)
Noun - feminine singular construct
Strong's 4501: A chandelier

of pure,
טָה֑וֹר (ṭā·hō·wr)
Adjective - masculine singular
Strong's 2889: Clean, pure

hammered
מִקְשָׁ֞ה (miq·šāh)
Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4749: Rounded work, moulded by hammering

gold.
זָהָ֣ב (zā·hāḇ)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2091: Gold, something gold-colored, as oil, a clear sky

It
הַמְּנוֹרָה֙ (ham·mə·nō·w·rāh)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 4501: A chandelier

shall be made
תֵּעָשֶׂ֤ה (tê·‘ā·śeh)
Verb - Nifal - Imperfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

of one piece,
מִמֶּ֥נָּה (mim·men·nāh)
Preposition | third person feminine singular
Strong's 4480: A part of, from, out of

including
יִהְיֽוּ׃ (yih·yū)
Verb - Qal - Imperfect - third person masculine plural
Strong's 1961: To fall out, come to pass, become, be

its base
יְרֵכָ֣הּ (yə·rê·ḵāh)
Noun - feminine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 3409: Thigh,loin, flank, side

and shaft,
וְקָנָ֔הּ (wə·qā·nāh)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine singular construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 7070: A reed, a, rod, shaft, tube, stem, the radius, beam

its cups,
גְּבִיעֶ֛יהָ (gə·ḇî·‘e·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 1375: A goblet, the calyx of a, flower

and its buds
כַּפְתֹּרֶ֥יהָ (kap̄·tō·re·hā)
Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 3730: Capital, knob, bulb

and petals.
וּפְרָחֶ֖יהָ (ū·p̄ə·rā·ḥe·hā)
Conjunctive waw | Noun - masculine plural construct | third person feminine singular
Strong's 6525: A calyx, bloom


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OT Law: Exodus 25:31 You shall make a lampstand of pure (Exo. Ex)
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