Ezekiel 7:23
New International Version
“’Prepare chains! For the land is full of bloodshed, and the city is full of violence.

New Living Translation
“Prepare chains for my people, for the land is bloodied by terrible crimes. Jerusalem is filled with violence.

English Standard Version
“Forge a chain! For the land is full of bloody crimes and the city is full of violence.

Berean Study Bible
Forge the chain, for the land is full of crimes of bloodshed, and the city is full of violence.

King James Bible
Make a chain: for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

New King James Version
‘Make a chain, For the land is filled with crimes of blood, And the city is full of violence.

New American Standard Bible
‘Make the chain, for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

NASB 1995
‘Make the chain, for the land is full of bloody crimes and the city is full of violence.

NASB 1977
‘Make the chain, for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

Amplified Bible
‘Prepare the chain [for imprisonment], for the land is full of bloody crimes [murders committed under the pretense of civil justice] and the city is full of violence.

Christian Standard Bible
Forge the chain, for the land is filled with crimes of bloodshed, and the city is filled with violence.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Forge the chain, for the land is filled with crimes of bloodshed, and the city is filled with violence.

American Standard Version
Make the chain; for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And they shall pass by with bricks, because the land is filled with the judgment of blood, and the city is filled with evil

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And they shall work uncleanness: because the land is full of strange nations, and the city is full of iniquity.

Contemporary English Version
Your whole country is in confusion! Murder and violence are everywhere in Israel,

Douay-Rheims Bible
Make a shutting up: for the land is full of the judgment of blood, and the city is full of iniquity.

English Revised Version
Make the chain: for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

Good News Translation
"Everything is in confusion--the land is full of murders and the cities are full of violence.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
"Get the chains ready! The land is filled with murder, and the city is filled with violence.

International Standard Version
"Forge a chain, because the land is full of bloody judgment and the city is filled with violence.

JPS Tanakh 1917
Make the chain; for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

Literal Standard Version
Make the chain; for the land Has been full of bloody judgments, And the city has been full of violence.

NET Bible
(Make the chain, because the land is full of murder and the city is full of violence.)

New Heart English Bible
"Make the chain; for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

World English Bible
Make the chain; for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

Young's Literal Translation
Make the chain; for the land Hath been full of bloody judgments, And the city hath been full of violence.

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Desolation of Israel
22I will turn My face away from them, and they will defile My treasured place. Violent men will enter it, and they will defile it. 23Forge the chain, for the land is full of crimes of bloodshed, and the city is full of violence. 24So I will bring the most wicked of nations to take possession of their houses. I will end the pride of the mighty, and their holy places will be profaned.…

Cross References
Isaiah 59:3
For your hands are stained with blood, and your fingers with iniquity; your lips have spoken lies, and your tongue mutters injustice.

Jeremiah 6:7
As a well gushes its water, so she pours out her evil. Violence and destruction resound in her; sickness and wounds are ever before Me.

Jeremiah 27:2
This is what the LORD said to me: "Make for yourself a yoke out of leather straps and put it on your neck.

Ezekiel 8:17
"Son of man," He said to me, "do you see this? Is it not enough for the house of Judah to commit the abominations they are practicing here, that they must also fill the land with violence and continually provoke Me to anger? Look, they are even putting the branch to their nose!

Ezekiel 9:9
He replied, "The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceedingly great. The land is full of bloodshed, and the city is full of perversity. For they say, 'The LORD has forsaken the land; the LORD does not see.'

Ezekiel 11:6
You have multiplied those you killed in this city and filled its streets with the dead.

Ezekiel 18:12
He oppresses the poor and needy; he commits robbery and does not restore a pledge. He lifts his eyes to idols; he commits abominations.


Treasury of Scripture

Make a chain: for the land is full of bloody crimes, and the city is full of violence.

a chain

Ezekiel 19:3-6
And she brought up one of her whelps: it became a young lion, and it learned to catch the prey; it devoured men…

Jeremiah 27:2
Thus saith the LORD to me; Make thee bonds and yokes, and put them upon thy neck,

Jeremiah 40:1
The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, after that Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard had let him go from Ramah, when he had taken him being bound in chains among all that were carried away captive of Jerusalem and Judah, which were carried away captive unto Babylon.

for

Ezekiel 9:9
Then said he unto me, The iniquity of the house of Israel and Judah is exceeding great, and the land is full of blood, and the city full of perverseness: for they say, The LORD hath forsaken the earth, and the LORD seeth not.

Ezekiel 11:6
Ye have multiplied your slain in this city, and ye have filled the streets thereof with the slain.

Ezekiel 22:3-6,9,13,27
Then say thou, Thus saith the Lord GOD, The city sheddeth blood in the midst of it, that her time may come, and maketh idols against herself to defile herself…









(23) Make a chain.--In the midst of this plain prophecy the strong tendency of the prophet's mind still runs to the symbolic act; but this can be thought of here only as done in word. The chain is to bind captive the guilty people.

Verse 23. - Make a chain; better, the chain. The word is not found elsewhere, but a kindred form is thus translated in 1 Kings 6:21. Looking to the force of the verbs from which it is formed, its special meaning is that of a coupling chain, such as would be used in the case of captives marched off to their place of exile (Nahum 3:10). All previous sufferings were to culminate in this. The φυρμόν of the LXX. and the fac conclusionem of the Vulgate show that the word perplexed them. Full of bloody crimes. The only passage in the Authorized Version of the Old Testament in which the English noun occurs. Literally, judgments of blood. The words may be equivalent either

(1) to "blood guiltiness" (compare the "judgment" in Jeremiah 51:9), or

(2) to judgment perverted into judicial murder. The latter finds support in Ezekiel 9:9. In either case it is noticeable that Ezekiel points not only to idolatry, but to violence and wrong, as the sins that had cried for punishment (comp. Jeremiah 22:17 as a contemporary witness).

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Forge
עֲשֵׂ֖ה (‘ă·śêh)
Verb - Qal - Imperative - masculine singular
Strong's 6213: To do, make

the chain,
הָֽרַתּ֑וֹק (hā·rat·tō·wq)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 7569: A chain

for
כִּ֣י (kî)
Conjunction
Strong's 3588: A relative conjunction

the land
הָאָ֗רֶץ (hā·’ā·reṣ)
Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 776: Earth, land

is full
מָֽלְאָה֙ (mā·lə·’āh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 4390: To fill, be full of

of crimes
מִשְׁפַּ֣ט (miš·paṭ)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 4941: A verdict, a sentence, formal decree, divine law, penalty, justice, privilege, style

of bloodshed,
דָּמִ֔ים (dā·mîm)
Noun - masculine plural
Strong's 1818: Blood, of man, an animal, the juice of the grape, bloodshed

and the city
וְהָעִ֖יר (wə·hā·‘îr)
Conjunctive waw, Article | Noun - feminine singular
Strong's 5892: Excitement

is full
מָלְאָ֥ה (mā·lə·’āh)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person feminine singular
Strong's 4390: To fill, be full of

of violence.
חָמָֽס׃ (ḥā·mās)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 2555: Violence, wrong, by meton, unjust gain


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OT Prophets: Ezekiel 7:23 Make the chain (Ezek. Eze Ezk)
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