Genesis 15:10
New International Version
Abram brought all these to him, cut them in two and arranged the halves opposite each other; the birds, however, he did not cut in half.

New Living Translation
So Abram presented all these to him and killed them. Then he cut each animal down the middle and laid the halves side by side; he did not, however, cut the birds in half.

English Standard Version
And he brought him all these, cut them in half, and laid each half over against the other. But he did not cut the birds in half.

Berean Study Bible
So Abram brought all these to Him, split each of them down the middle, and laid the halves opposite each other. The birds, however, he did not cut in half.

King James Bible
And he took unto him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

New King James Version
Then he brought all these to Him and cut them in two, down the middle, and placed each piece opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds in two.

New American Standard Bible
Then he brought all these to Him and cut them in two, and laid each half opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds.

NASB 1995
Then he brought all these to Him and cut them in two, and laid each half opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds.

NASB 1977
Then he brought all these to Him and cut them in two, and laid each half opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds.

Amplified Bible
So Abram brought all these to Him and cut them down the middle, and laid each half opposite the other; but he did not cut the birds.

Christian Standard Bible
So he brought all these to him, cut them in half, and laid the pieces opposite each other, but he did not cut the birds in half.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
So he brought all these to Him, split them down the middle, and laid the pieces opposite each other, but he did not cut up the birds.

American Standard Version
And he took him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each half over against the other: but the birds divided he not.

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he took to him all of these and divided them equally and laid the members against its counterpart and he did not divide the birds.

Brenton Septuagint Translation
So he took to him all these, and divided them in the midst, and set them opposite to each other, but the birds he did not divide.

Contemporary English Version
Abram obeyed the LORD. Then he cut the animals in half and laid the two halves of each animal opposite each other on the ground. But he did not cut the doves and pigeons in half.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And he took all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid the two pieces of each one against the other; but the birds he divided not.

English Revised Version
And he took him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each half over against the other: but the birds divided he not.

Good News Translation
Abram brought the animals to God, cut them in half, and placed the halves opposite each other in two rows; but he did not cut up the birds.

GOD'S WORD® Translation
So Abram brought all these animals to him. He cut each of them in half and laid each half opposite the other. However, he did not cut the birds in half.

International Standard Version
So Abram brought him all these animals and cut each of them in half, down the middle, placing the pieces opposite each other, but he did not cut the birds in half.

JPS Tanakh 1917
And he took him all these, and divided them in the midst, and laid each half over against the other; but the birds divided he not.

Literal Standard Version
and he takes all these to Him, and separates them in the midst, and puts each piece opposite its fellow, but the bird he has not divided;

NET Bible
So Abram took all these for him and then cut them in two and placed each half opposite the other, but he did not cut the birds in half.

New Heart English Bible
He brought him all of these, and divided them in the middle, and placed each half opposite the other; but he did not divide the birds.

World English Bible
He brought him all of these, and divided them in the middle, and laid each half opposite the other; but he didn't divide the birds.

Young's Literal Translation
and he taketh to him all these, and separateth them in the midst, and putteth each piece over against its fellow, but the bird he hath not divided;

Additional Translations ...
Context
God Confirms His Promise
9And the LORD said to him, “Bring Me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a turtledove and a young pigeon.” 10So Abram brought all these to Him, split each of them down the middle, and laid the halves opposite each other. The birds, however, he did not cut in half. 11And the birds of prey descended on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.…

Cross References
Genesis 15:9
And the LORD said to him, "Bring Me a heifer, a goat, and a ram, each three years old, along with a turtledove and a young pigeon."

Genesis 15:11
And the birds of prey descended on the carcasses, but Abram drove them away.

Genesis 15:17
When the sun had set and darkness had fallen, behold, a smoking firepot and a flaming torch appeared and passed between the halves of the carcasses.

Leviticus 1:17
He shall tear it open by its wings, without dividing the bird completely. And the priest is to burn it on the altar atop the burning wood. It is a burnt offering, an offering made by fire, a pleasing aroma to the LORD.

Jeremiah 34:18
And those who have transgressed My covenant and have not fulfilled the terms of the covenant they made before Me, I will treat like the calf they cut in two in order to pass between its pieces.


Treasury of Scripture

And he took to him all these, and divided them in the middle, and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not.

divided them.

Jeremiah 34:18,19
And I will give the men that have transgressed my covenant, which have not performed the words of the covenant which they had made before me, when they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts thereof, …

2 Timothy 2:15
Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth.

the birds.

Leviticus 1:17
And he shall cleave it with the wings thereof, but shall not divide it asunder: and the priest shall burn it upon the altar, upon the wood that is upon the fire: it is a burnt sacrifice, an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the LORD.









Verse 10. - And he took unto him all these, and divided (a word occurring only here in Genesis, and supposed by Michaelis to have been taken by Moses from the ancient document from which he transcribed this portion of his work. The word is afterwards found in Song of Solomon 2:17, and Jeremiah 34:18) them in the midst, - μέσα (LXX.); in equal parts (Onkelos) - and laid each piece one against another: but the birds divided he not. So afterwards in the Mosaic legislation (Leviticus 1:7). Wordsworth detects in the non-dividing of the birds an emblem of "the Holy Spirit, the Spirit of peace and love; which is a Spirit of unity, and of "Christ's human spirit, which was not divisible." Kalisch, with more probability, recognizes as the reason of their not being divided the fact that such division was not required, both fowls being regarded as one part of the sacrifice only, and each, as the half, being placed opposite the other. Wordsworth numbers seven parts in the sacrifice, and sees a symbol of completeness and finality, the number seven being the root of shaba, to swear (Gesenius, p. 802); Kalisch reckons four, which he regards as "denoting perfection, but rather the external perfection of form than the internal one of the mind," and pointing "to the perfect possession of the Holy Land." The ritual here described is the same which was afterwards observed among the Hebrews in the formation of covenants (cf. Genesis 34:18), and appears to have extensively prevailed among heathen nations (cf. ' Iliad,' b. 124, "ὅρκια πιστὰ ταμόντες;" and the Latin phrase, "foedus icere").

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
So [Abram] brought
וַיִּֽקַּֽח־ (way·yiq·qaḥ-)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 3947: To take

all
כָּל־ (kāl-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 3605: The whole, all, any, every

these to Him,
אֵ֗לֶּה (’êl·leh)
Pronoun - common plural
Strong's 428: These, those

split
וַיְבַתֵּ֤ר (way·ḇat·têr)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Piel - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1334: To cut in two

each of them
אֹתָם֙ (’ō·ṯām)
Direct object marker | third person masculine plural
Strong's 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

down the middle,
בַּתָּ֔וֶךְ (bat·tā·weḵ)
Preposition-b, Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 8432: A bisection, the centre

and laid
וַיִּתֵּ֥ן (way·yit·tên)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Qal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 5414: To give, put, set

the halves
בִּתְר֖וֹ (biṯ·rōw)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 1335: A part, piece

opposite
לִקְרַ֣את (liq·raṯ)
Preposition-l | Verb - Qal - Infinitive construct
Strong's 7125: Against he come, help, meet, seek, to, in the way

each
אִישׁ־ (’îš-)
Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 376: A man as an individual, a male person

other.
רֵעֵ֑הוּ (rê·‘ê·hū)
Noun - masculine singular construct | third person masculine singular
Strong's 7453: Friend, companion, fellow

The birds,
הַצִפֹּ֖ר‪‬ (ha·ṣip·pōr)
Article | Noun - common singular
Strong's 6833: A little bird

however,
וְאֶת־ (wə·’eṯ-)
Conjunctive waw | Direct object marker
Strong's 853: Untranslatable mark of the accusative case

he did not
לֹ֥א (lō)
Adverb - Negative particle
Strong's 3808: Not, no

cut.
בָתָֽר׃ (ḇā·ṯār)
Verb - Qal - Perfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1334: To cut in two


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OT Law: Genesis 15:10 He brought him all of these (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 15:9
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