Genesis 18:1
New International Version
The LORD appeared to Abraham near the great trees of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent in the heat of the day.

New Living Translation
The LORD appeared again to Abraham near the oak grove belonging to Mamre. One day Abraham was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day.

English Standard Version
And the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat at the door of his tent in the heat of the day.

Berean Study Bible
Then the LORD appeared to Abraham by the Oaks of Mamre in the heat of the day, while he was sitting at the entrance of his tent.

King James Bible
And the LORD appeared unto him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

New King James Version
Then the LORD appeared to him by the terebinth trees of Mamre, as he was sitting in the tent door in the heat of the day.

New American Standard Bible
Now the LORD appeared to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

NASB 1995
Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

NASB 1977
Now the LORD appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

Amplified Bible
Now the LORD appeared to Abraham by the terebinth trees of Mamre [in Hebron], while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day.

Christian Standard Bible
The LORD appeared to Abraham at the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance of his tent during the heat of the day.

Holman Christian Standard Bible
Then the LORD appeared to Abraham at the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting in the entrance of his tent during the heat of the day.

American Standard Version
And Jehovah appeared unto him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Aramaic Bible in Plain English
And he lifted his eyes, and he saw, and behold, three men standing over by him, and he saw them and he ran to meet them from the door of the tent, and he bowed on the ground,

Brenton Septuagint Translation
And God appeared to him by the oak of Mambre, as he sat by the door of his tent at noon.

Contemporary English Version
One hot summer afternoon while Abraham was sitting by the entrance to his tent near the sacred trees of Mamre, the LORD appeared to him.

Douay-Rheims Bible
And the Lord appeared to him in the vale of Mambre as he was sitting at the door of his tent, in the very heat of the day.

English Revised Version
And the LORD appeared unto him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Good News Translation
The LORD appeared to Abraham at the sacred trees of Mamre. As Abraham was sitting at the entrance of his tent during the hottest part of the day,

GOD'S WORD® Translation
The LORD appeared to Abraham by the oak trees belonging to Mamre as he was sitting at the entrance of his tent during the hottest part of the day.

International Standard Version
Later, the LORD appeared to Abraham by the oaks belonging to Mamre. As Abraham was sitting near the entrance to his tent during the hottest part of the day,

JPS Tanakh 1917
And the LORD appeared unto him by the terebinths of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

Literal Standard Version
And YHWH appears to him among the oaks of Mamre, and he is sitting at the opening of the tent, about the heat of the day;

NET Bible
The LORD appeared to Abraham by the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting at the entrance to his tent during the hottest time of the day.

New Heart English Bible
And God appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day.

World English Bible
Yahweh appeared to him by the oaks of Mamre, as he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day.

Young's Literal Translation
And Jehovah appeareth unto him among the oaks of Mamre, and he is sitting at the opening of the tent, about the heat of the day;

Additional Translations ...
Context
The Three Visitors
1Then the LORD appeared to Abraham by the Oaks of Mamre in the heat of the day, while he was sitting at the entrance of his tent. 2And Abraham looked up and saw three men standing nearby. When he saw them, he ran from the entrance of his tent to meet them and bowed low to the ground.…

Cross References
Hebrews 11:9
By faith he dwelt in the promised land as a stranger in a foreign country. He lived in tents, as did Isaac and Jacob, who were heirs with him of the same promise.

Hebrews 13:2
Do not neglect to show hospitality to strangers, for by so doing some people have entertained angels without knowing it.

Genesis 12:7
Then the LORD appeared to Abram and said, "I will give this land to your offspring." So Abram built an altar there to the LORD, who had appeared to him.

Genesis 13:18
So Abram moved his tent and went to live near the Oaks of Mamre at Hebron, where he built an altar to the LORD.

Genesis 14:13
Then an escapee came and reported this to Abram the Hebrew. Now Abram was living near the Oaks of Mamre the Amorite, a brother of Eshcol and Aner, all of whom were bound by treaty to Abram.

Genesis 17:1
When Abram was ninety-nine years old, the LORD appeared to him and said, "I am God Almighty. Walk before Me and be blameless.

Genesis 18:22
And the two men turned away and went toward Sodom, but Abraham remained standing before the LORD.


Treasury of Scripture

And the LORD appeared to him in the plains of Mamre: and he sat in the tent door in the heat of the day;

appeared.

Genesis 15:1
After these things the word of the LORD came unto Abram in a vision, saying, Fear not, Abram: I am thy shield, and thy exceeding great reward.

Genesis 17:1-3,22
And when Abram was ninety years old and nine, the LORD appeared to Abram, and said unto him, I am the Almighty God; walk before me, and be thou perfect…

Genesis 26:2
And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, Go not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of:

Mamre.

Genesis 13:18
Then Abram removed his tent, and came and dwelt in the plain of Mamre, which is in Hebron, and built there an altar unto the LORD.

Genesis 14:13
And there came one that had escaped, and told Abram the Hebrew; for he dwelt in the plain of Mamre the Amorite, brother of Eshcol, and brother of Aner: and these were confederate with Abram.

and he sat.









XVIII.

VISIT OF ANGELS TO ABRAHAM AT MAMRE; AND OVERTHROW OF SODOM.

(1) And the Lord (Jehovah) appeared unto him.--No new section could begin in this way, but evidently this is a continuation of the narrative of the circumcision. We thus find a Jehovistic section coupled in the closest way with one which is Elohistic (comp. Genesis 17:22-23); and even here it is Elohim who for Abraham's sake delivers Lot (Genesis 19:29). Far more important, however, is it to notice that this familiar intercourse, and clear revelation of Jehovah to Abraham, follows upon his closer relation to God by virtue of the sacrament of circumcision. Jewish tradition adds that this visit was made to Abraham on the third day after the rite had been performed, and was for the purpose of healing him from the painful consequences of it. It was on this account, as they think, that Abraham was resting at home, instead of being with his herds in the field.

The plains (Heb., the oaks) of Mamre.--(See Genesis 13:18; Genesis 14:13.) . . .

Verse 1. - And the Lord - Jehovah, the Divine name employed throughout the present and succeeding chapters, which are accordingly assigned to the Jehovist (Tuch, Bleek, Davidson, Colenso), with the exception of Genesis 19:29, which is commonly regarded as a fragment of the original Elohist's narration (vide infra) - appeared unto him. The absence of Abraham's name has been thought to favor the idea that the present chapter should have begun at Genesis 17:23 (Quarry). That the time of this renewed Divine manifestation was shortly after the incidents recorded in the preceding chapter is apparent, as also that its object was the reassurance of the patriarch concerning the birth of Isaac. In the plains of Mamre. Literally, in the oaks of Mature (vide Genesis 13:18). And he sat in the tent door. Literally, in the opening of the tent, a fold of which was fastened to a post near by to admit any air that might be stirring. In the heat of the day, i.e. noontide (cf. 1 Samuel 11:11), as the cool of the day, or the wind of the day (Genesis 3:8), means eventide. "The usual term for noon is Tsoharim (Genesis 43:16), that is, the time of ' double or greatest light,' while a more poetical expression is 'the height of the day' (Proverbs 4:18), either because then the sun has reached its most exalted position, or because it appears to stand still in the zenith" (Kalisch). Among the Orientals the hour of noon is the time of rest (cf. Song of Solomon 1:7) and the time of dinner (Genesis 43:16, 25). In this case the patriarch had probably dined and was resting after dinner, sines, on the arrival of his visitors, preparations had to be commenced for their entertainment.

Parallel Commentaries ...


Hebrew
Then the LORD
יְהוָ֔ה (Yah·weh)
Noun - proper - masculine singular
Strong's 3068: LORD -- the proper name of the God of Israel

appeared
וַיֵּרָ֤א (way·yê·rā)
Conjunctive waw | Verb - Nifal - Consecutive imperfect - third person masculine singular
Strong's 7200: To see

to
אֵלָיו֙ (’ê·lāw)
Preposition | third person masculine singular
Strong's 413: Near, with, among, to

Abraham by the oaks
בְּאֵלֹנֵ֖י (bə·’ê·lō·nê)
Preposition-b | Noun - masculine plural construct
Strong's 436: An oak, other strong tree

of Mamre
מַמְרֵ֑א (mam·rê)
Noun - proper - feminine singular
Strong's 4471: Mamre -- a place in Palestine, also an ally of Abraham

in the heat
כְּחֹ֥ם (kə·ḥōm)
Preposition-k | Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 2527: Heat

of the day,
הַיּֽוֹם׃ (hay·yō·wm)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 3117: A day

while he
וְה֛וּא (wə·hū)
Conjunctive waw | Pronoun - third person masculine singular
Strong's 1931: He, self, the same, this, that, as, are

was sitting
יֹשֵׁ֥ב (yō·šêḇ)
Verb - Qal - Participle - masculine singular
Strong's 3427: To sit down, to dwell, to remain, to settle, to marry

at the entrance
פֶּֽתַח־ (pe·ṯaḥ-)
Noun - masculine singular construct
Strong's 6607: An opening, door, entrance way

to his tent.
הָאֹ֖הֶל (hā·’ō·hel)
Article | Noun - masculine singular
Strong's 168: A tent


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OT Law: Genesis 18:1 Yahweh appeared to him by the oaks (Gen. Ge Gn)
Genesis 17:27
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